@MISC{Jacob15robustnessof, author = {Emmanuel Jacob and Peter Mörters}, title = {ROBUSTNESS OF SCALE-FREE SPATIAL NETWORKS}, year = {2015} }

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Abstract

A growing family of random graphs is called robust if it retains a giant component after percolation with arbitrary positive retention probabil-ity. We study robustness for graphs, in which new vertices are given a spatial position on the d-dimensional torus and are connected to existing vertices with a probability favouring short spatial distances and high degrees. In this model of a scale-free network with clustering we can independently tune the power law exponent τ of the degree distribution and the rate −δd at which the connection probability decreases with the distance of two vertices. We show that the network is robust if τ < 2 + 1δ, but fails to be robust if τ> 3. In the case of one-dimensional space we also show that the network is not robust if τ> 2 + 1δ−1. This implies that robustness of a scale-free network depends not only on its power-law exponent but also on its clustering fea-tures. Other than the classical models of scale-free networks our model is not locally tree-like, and hence we need to develop novel methods for its study, including, for example, a surprising application of the BK-inequality.