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23
Estimation of baseflow recession constants
 Water Resources Management
, 1996
"... Abstract. Hydrograph recession constants are required in rainfallrunoff models, base flow augmentation studies, geohydrologic investigations and in regional lowflow studies. The recession portion of a streamflow hydrograph is shown to be either an autoregressive process or an integrated moving av ..."
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Abstract. Hydrograph recession constants are required in rainfallrunoff models, base flow augmentation studies, geohydrologic investigations and in regional lowflow studies. The recession portion of a streamflow hydrograph is shown to be either an autoregressive process or an integrated moving average process, depending upon the structure of the assumed model errors. Six different estimators of the base flow recession constant are derived and tested using thousands of hydrograph recessions available at twentythree sites in Massachusetts, U.S. When hydrograph recessions are treated as an autoregressive process, unconditional least squares or maximum likelihood estimators of the baseflow recession constant are shown to exhibit significant downward bias due to the short lengths of hydrograph recessions. The precision of estimates of hydrograph recession constants is shown to depend heavily upon assumptions regarding the structure of the model errors. In general, regression procedures for estimating hydrograph recession parameters are generally preferred to the timeseries alternatives. An evaluation of the physical significance of estimates of the baseflow recession constant is provided by comparing regional regression models which relate lowflow statistics to three independent variables: drainage area, basin slope and the baseflow recession constant. As anticipated, approximately unbiased estimators of the baseflow recession constant provide significant information regarding the geohydrologic response of watersheds.
A stochastic index flow model of flow duration curves.Water Resources Research
, 2004
"... [1] Annual flow duration curves (AFDCs) are used increasingly because unlike traditional period of record flow duration curves (FDCs), they provide confidence intervals for the median AFDC, they enable one to assign return periods to individual AFDCs, and they offer opportunities for developing a ge ..."
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Cited by 11 (1 self)
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[1] Annual flow duration curves (AFDCs) are used increasingly because unlike traditional period of record flow duration curves (FDCs), they provide confidence intervals for the median AFDC, they enable one to assign return periods to individual AFDCs, and they offer opportunities for developing a generalized stochastic model of daily streamflow. Previous stochastic models of FDCs and AFDCs were unable to reproduce the variance of AFDCs. We introduce an index flow approach to modeling the relationship between an FDC and AFDCs of daily streamflow series, which is able to reproduce the FDC, as well as the mean, median, and variance of the AFDCs without resorting to assumptions regarding the seasonal or persistence structure of daily streamflow series. Our approach offers additional opportunities for the regionalization of flow duration curves and for the generation of time series of daily streamflows at ungauged sites. Our approach is tested on three river basins in eastern central
Flood flow frequency model selection in southwestern U.S.A
 Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management ASCE
, 1993
"... ABSTRACT: Uniform flood frequency guidelines in the United States recommend the use of the log Pearson type 3 (LP3) distribution in flood frequency investigations. Many investigators have suggested alternate models such as the generalized extreme value (GEV) distribution as an improvement over the ..."
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ABSTRACT: Uniform flood frequency guidelines in the United States recommend the use of the log Pearson type 3 (LP3) distribution in flood frequency investigations. Many investigators have suggested alternate models such as the generalized extreme value (GEV) distribution as an improvement over the LP3 distribution. Using floodflow data at 383 sites in the southwestern United States, we explore the suitability of various flood frequency models using Lmoment diagrams. We also repeat the experiment performed in the original Water Resource Council report (Bulletin 17B, issued in 1982), which led to the LP3 mandate. All our evaluations consistently reveal that the LP3, GEV, and the two and threeparameter lognormal models (LN2 and LN3) provide a good approximation to floodflow data in this region. Other models such as the normal, Pearson, and Gumbel distributions are shown to perform poorly. Recent research indicates that regional indexflood procedures should be more accurate and more robust than the type of atsite procedures evaluated here. Nevertheless, this study reveals that indexflood procedures need not be restricted to the GEV distribution because the LN2, LN3, and LP3 distributions appear to be suitable alternatives, at least in the southwestern United States.
BMP Modeling Concepts and Simulation
, 2004
"... managed the research described here. It has been subjected to the Agency’s peer and administrative review and has been approved for publication as an EPA document. Any opinions expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not, necessarily, reflect the official positions and policies of t ..."
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managed the research described here. It has been subjected to the Agency’s peer and administrative review and has been approved for publication as an EPA document. Any opinions expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not, necessarily, reflect the official positions and policies of the EPA. Any mention of products or trade names does not constitute recommendation for use by the EPA. ii Foreword The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is charged by Congress with protecting the Nation's land, air, and water resources. Under a mandate of national environmental laws, the Agency strives to formulate and implement actions leading to a compatible balance between human activities and the ability of natural systems to support and nurture life. To meet this mandate, EPA's research program is providing data and technical support for solving environmental problems today and building a science knowledge base necessary to manage our ecological resources wisely, understand how pollutants affect our health, and prevent or reduce environmental risks in the future. The National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRMRL) is the Agency's center for investigation of technological and management approaches for preventing and reducing risks from pollution that threaten human health and the environment. The focus of the Laboratory's research program is on methods and their costeffectiveness
Estimating the flood frequency distribution at seasonal
, 2012
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Application of Harmony Search to Design Storm Estimation from Probability Distribution Models
"... The precision of design storm estimation depends on the selection of an appropriate probability distribution model (PDM) and parameter estimation techniques. Generally, estimated parameters for PDMs are provided based on the method of moments, probability weighted moments, and maximum likelihood (M ..."
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The precision of design storm estimation depends on the selection of an appropriate probability distribution model (PDM) and parameter estimation techniques. Generally, estimated parameters for PDMs are provided based on the method of moments, probability weighted moments, and maximum likelihood (ML). The results using ML are more reliable than the other methods. However, the ML is more laborious than the other methods because an iterative numerical solution must be used. In the meantime, metaheuristic approaches have been developed to solve various engineering problems. A number of studies focus on using metaheuristic approaches for estimation of hydrometeorological variables. Applied metaheuristic approaches offer reliable solutions but use more computation time than derivativebased methods. Therefore, the purpose of the current study is to enhance parameter estimation of PDMs for design storms using a recently developed metaheuristic approach known as a harmony search (HS). The HS is compared to the genetic algorithm (GA) and ML via simulation and case study. The results of this study suggested that the performance of the GA and HS was similar and showed more accurate results than that of the ML. Furthermore, the HS required less computation time than the GA.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
"... We sincerely thank our guide Mr.A.K.Bhattacharjee for his earnest help and for his patient attitude towards our queries. We also would like to thank him for his expedient advice towards our project that helped us a lot. We would also like to thank Mr. S.D.Dhodapkar, Head, Software Reliability Sectio ..."
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We sincerely thank our guide Mr.A.K.Bhattacharjee for his earnest help and for his patient attitude towards our queries. We also would like to thank him for his expedient advice towards our project that helped us a lot. We would also like to thank Mr. S.D.Dhodapkar, Head, Software Reliability Section, RCnD, BARC and Mr.R.K.Patil, Head, Reactor Control Division for their unfailing support, the initiative and the guidance given by them. We also express our sincere gratitude to Prof. O.R.Kale, Project Counselor, Dr.R.P.Kulkarni, Principal, RAIT for their enthusiastic support and guidance towards our project. 2 The task of designing large realtime reactive systems, which interact continuously with their environment and exhibit concurrency properties, is a challenging one. Statecharts is a visual formalism for specification and development of reactive systems and has been in wide use in the industry. These charts are intended to capture the