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153
Split States, Entropy Enigmas, Holes and Halos
, 2007
"... We investigate degeneracies of BPS states of Dbranes on compact CalabiYau manifolds. We develop a factorization formula for BPS indices using attractor flow trees associated to multicentered black hole bound states. This enables us to study background dependence of the BPS spectrum, to compute e ..."
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Cited by 235 (22 self)
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We investigate degeneracies of BPS states of Dbranes on compact CalabiYau manifolds. We develop a factorization formula for BPS indices using attractor flow trees associated to multicentered black hole bound states. This enables us to study background dependence of the BPS spectrum, to compute explicitly exact indices of various nontrivial Dbrane systems, and to clarify the subtle relation of DonaldsonThomas invariants to BPS indices of stable D6D2D0 states, realized in supergravity as “hole halos. ” We introduce a convergent generating function for D4 indices in the large CY volume limit, and prove it can be written as a modular average of its polar part, generalizing the fareytail expansion of the elliptic genus. We show polar states are “split ” D6antiD6 bound states, and that the partition function factorizes accordingly, leading to a refined version of the OSV conjecture. This differs from the original conjecture in several aspects. In particular we obtain a nontrivial measure factor g −2 top e−K and find factorization requires a cutoff. We show that the main factor determining the cutoff and therefore the error is the existence of “swing states ” — D6 states which exist at large radius but do not form stable D6antiD6 bound states. We point out a likely breakdown of the OSV conjecture at small gtop (in the large background CY volume limit), due to the surprising phenomenon that for sufficiently large background Kähler moduli, a charge ΛΓ supporting single centered black holes of entropy ∼ Λ2S(Γ) also admits twocentered BPS black hole realizations whose entropy grows like Λ3 when Λ → ∞.
Mirror principle I
 I. ASIAN J. MATH
, 1997
"... We propose and study the following Mirror Principle: certain sequences of multiplicative equivariant characteristic classes on Kontsevich’s stable map moduli spaces can be computed in terms of certain hypergeometric type classes. As applications, we compute the equivariant Euler classes of obstruc ..."
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Cited by 125 (13 self)
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We propose and study the following Mirror Principle: certain sequences of multiplicative equivariant characteristic classes on Kontsevich’s stable map moduli spaces can be computed in terms of certain hypergeometric type classes. As applications, we compute the equivariant Euler classes of obstruction bundles induced by any concavex bundles – including any direct sum of line bundles – on Pn. This includes proving the formula of Candelasde la OssaGreenParkes hence completing the program of Candelas et al, Kontesevich, Manin, and Givental, to compute rigorously the instanton prepotential function for the quintic in P4. We derive, among many other examples, the multiple cover formula for GromovWitten invariants of P1, computed earlier by MorrisonAspinwall and by Manin in different approaches. We also prove a formula for enumerating Euler classes which arise in the socalled local mirror symmetry for some noncompact CalabiYau manifolds. At the end we interprete an infinite dimensional transformation group, called the mirror group, acting on Euler data, as a certain duality group of the linear sigma
Topological string theory on compact CalabiYau: Modularity and boundary conditions
, 2006
"... The topological string partition function Z(λ,t, ¯t) = exp(λ 2g−2 Fg(t, ¯t)) is calculated on a compact CalabiYau M. The Fg(t, ¯t) fulfill the holomorphic anomaly equations, which imply that Ψ = Z transforms as a wave function on the symplectic space H 3 (M, Z). This defines it everywhere in the m ..."
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Cited by 83 (11 self)
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The topological string partition function Z(λ,t, ¯t) = exp(λ 2g−2 Fg(t, ¯t)) is calculated on a compact CalabiYau M. The Fg(t, ¯t) fulfill the holomorphic anomaly equations, which imply that Ψ = Z transforms as a wave function on the symplectic space H 3 (M, Z). This defines it everywhere in the moduli space M(M) along with preferred local coordinates. Modular properties of the sections Fg as well as local constraints from the 4d effective action allow us to fix Z to a large extent. Currently with a newly found gap condition at the conifold, regularity at the orbifold and the most naive bounds from Castelnuovo’s theory, we can provide the boundary data, which specify Z, e.g. up to genus 51 for the quintic.
Exact and Asymptotic Degeneracies of Small Black Holes
, 2005
"... We examine the recently proposed relations between black hole entropy and the topological string in the context of type II/heterotic string dual models. We consider the degeneracies of perturbative heterotic BPS states. In several examples with N = 4 and N = 2 supersymmetry, we show that the macrosc ..."
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Cited by 80 (12 self)
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We examine the recently proposed relations between black hole entropy and the topological string in the context of type II/heterotic string dual models. We consider the degeneracies of perturbative heterotic BPS states. In several examples with N = 4 and N = 2 supersymmetry, we show that the macroscopic degeneracy of small black holes agrees to all orders with the microscopic degeneracy, but misses nonperturbative corrections which are computable in the heterotic dual. Using these examples we refine the previous proposals and comment on their domain of validity as well as on the relevance of helicity supertraces.
Hypergeometric functions and mirror symmetry in toric varieties
, 1999
"... We study aspects related to Kontsevich’s homological mirror symmetry conjecture [42] in the case of Calabi–Yau complete intersections in toric varieties. In a 1996 lecture, Kontsevich [43] indicated how his proposal implies that the groups of automorphisms of the two types of categories involved in ..."
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Cited by 72 (4 self)
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We study aspects related to Kontsevich’s homological mirror symmetry conjecture [42] in the case of Calabi–Yau complete intersections in toric varieties. In a 1996 lecture, Kontsevich [43] indicated how his proposal implies that the groups of automorphisms of the two types of categories involved in the homological mirror symmetry conjecture should also be identified. Our results provide an explicit geometric construction of the correspondence between the automorphisms of the two types of categories. We compare the monodromy calculations for the Picard–Fuchs system associated with the periods of a Calabi–Yau manifold M with the algebrogeometric computations of the cohomology action of Fourier– Mukai functors on the bounded derived category of coherent sheaves on the mirror Calabi–Yau manifold W. We obtain the complete dictionary between the two sides for the one complex parameter case of Calabi–Yau complete intersections in weighted projective spaces, as well as for some two parameter cases. We also find the complex of sheaves on W × W that corresponds to a loop in the moduli space of complex structures on M induced by a phase transition of W.
Arithmetic properties of mirror map and quantum coupling, hepth/9411234. 30
 lectures on Theta I , Progress in Math
"... Abstract: We study some arithmetic properties of the mirror maps and the quantum Yukawa coupling for some 1parameter deformations of CalabiYau manifolds. First we use the Schwarzian differential equation, which we derived previously, to characterize the mirror map in each case. For algebraic K3 su ..."
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Cited by 63 (5 self)
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Abstract: We study some arithmetic properties of the mirror maps and the quantum Yukawa coupling for some 1parameter deformations of CalabiYau manifolds. First we use the Schwarzian differential equation, which we derived previously, to characterize the mirror map in each case. For algebraic K3 surfaces, we solve the equation in terms of the Jfunction. By deriving explicit modular relations we prove that some K3 mirror maps are algebraic over the genus zero function field Q(J). This leads to a uniform proof that those mirror maps have integral Fourier coefficients. Regarding the maps as Riemann mappings, we prove that they are genus zero functions. By virtue of the ConwayNorton conjecture (proved by Borcherds using FrenkelLepowskyMeurman’s Moonshine module), we find that these maps are actually the reciprocals of the Thompson series for certain conjugacy classes in the GriessFischer group. This also gives, as an immediate consequence, a second proof that those mirror maps are integral. We thus conjecture a surprising connection between K3 mirror maps and the Thompson series. For threefolds, we construct a formal nonlinear ODE for the quantum coupling reduced mod p. Under the mirror hypothesis and an integrality assumption, we derive mod p congruences for the Fourier coefficients. For the quintics, we deduce (at least for 5 ̸ d) that the degree d instanton numbers nd are divisible by 53 – a fact first conjectured by Clemens.
Topological string amplitudes, complete intersection Calabi–Yau spaces and threshold corrections
, 2005
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Heterotic compactification, an algorithmic approach
 arXiv:hepth/0702210. – “Complete Intersections, Monads and Heterotic Compactification
"... We approach string phenomenology from the perspective of computational algebraic geometry, by providing new and efficient techniques for proving stability and calculating particle spectra in heterotic compactifications. This is done in the context of complete intersection CalabiYau manifolds in a s ..."
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Cited by 44 (26 self)
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We approach string phenomenology from the perspective of computational algebraic geometry, by providing new and efficient techniques for proving stability and calculating particle spectra in heterotic compactifications. This is done in the context of complete intersection CalabiYau manifolds in a single projective space where we classify positive monad bundles. Using a combination of analytic methods and computer algebra we prove stability for all such bundles and compute the complete particle spectrum, including gauge singlets. In particular, we find that the number of antigenerations vanishes