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371
Macroscopic strings as heavy quarks in large N gauge theory and Antide Sitter supergravity
 PHYS. J. C22
"... Maldacena has put forward large N correspondence between superconformal field theories on the brane and antide Sitter supergravity in spacetime. We study some aspects of the correspondence between N = 4 superconformal gauge theory on D3brane and maximal supergravity on adS5 × S5 by introducing mac ..."
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Cited by 510 (1 self)
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Maldacena has put forward large N correspondence between superconformal field theories on the brane and antide Sitter supergravity in spacetime. We study some aspects of the correspondence between N = 4 superconformal gauge theory on D3brane and maximal supergravity on adS5 × S5 by introducing macroscopic strings as heavy (anti)quark probes. The macroscopic strings are semiinfinite Type IIB strings ending on D3brane worldvolume. We first study deformation and fluctuation of D3brane when a macroscopic BPS string is attached. We find that both dynamics and boundary conditions agree with those for macroscopic string in antide Sitter supergravity. As a byproduct we clarify how Polchinski’s Dirichlet and Neumann open string boundary conditions arise. We then study nonBPS macroscopic string antistring pair configuration as physical realization of heavy quark Wilson loop. We obtain Q ¯ Q static potential and again find agreements between the gauge theory and the supergravity results. By turning on RamondRamond zeroform potential, we also study θ vacuum angle dependence of the static potential. We finally discuss dynamical realization of loop equation via turning on local electric field and recoil of heavy quark thereof, and of heavy baryon via of Nprong string junction. Throughout comparisons of the correspondence, we emphasize crucial role played by ‘geometric duality ’ between coordinates perpendicular to D3brane and parallel ones, hinting a possible explanation of emergence of the entire adS5 spacetime.
Mirror Manifolds and Topological Field Theory
 in Essays on Mirror Manifolds (ed. S.T. Yau), International Press, Hong Kong
, 1992
"... In N = 4 super YangMills theory on a fourmanifold M, one can specify a discrete magnetic flux valued in H2 (M,ZN). This flux is encoded in the AdS/CFT correspondence in terms of a fivedimensional topological field theory with ChernSimons action. A similar topological field theory in seven dimens ..."
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Cited by 385 (14 self)
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In N = 4 super YangMills theory on a fourmanifold M, one can specify a discrete magnetic flux valued in H2 (M,ZN). This flux is encoded in the AdS/CFT correspondence in terms of a fivedimensional topological field theory with ChernSimons action. A similar topological field theory in seven dimensions governs the space of “conformal blocks ” of the sixdimensional (0, 2) conformal field theory. December
On the gauge theory/geometry correspondence
 Adv. Theor. Math. Phys
, 1999
"... The ’t Hooft expansion of SU(N) ChernSimons theory on S3 is proposed to be exactly dual to the topological closed string theory on the S2 blow up of the conifold geometry. The Bfield on the S2 has magnitude Ngs = λ, the ’t Hooft coupling. We are able to make a number of checks, such as finding exa ..."
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Cited by 280 (37 self)
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The ’t Hooft expansion of SU(N) ChernSimons theory on S3 is proposed to be exactly dual to the topological closed string theory on the S2 blow up of the conifold geometry. The Bfield on the S2 has magnitude Ngs = λ, the ’t Hooft coupling. We are able to make a number of checks, such as finding exact agreement at the level of the partition function computed on both sides for arbitrary λ and to all orders in 1/N. Moreover, it seems possible to derive this correspondence from a linear sigma model description of the conifold. We propose a picture whereby a perturbative Dbrane description, in terms of holes in the closed string worldsheet, arises automatically from the coexistence of two phases in the underlying U(1) gauge theory. This approach holds promise for a derivation of the AdS/CFT correspondence.
From AdS/CFT correspondence to hydrodynamics
 J. High Energy Phys
"... hepth/0210220 ..."
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The holographic bound in Antide Sitter space
, 1998
"... The correspondence between string theory in Antide Sitter space and super Yang Mills theory is an example of the Holographic principle according to which a quantum theory with gravity must be describable by a boundary theory. However, arguments given so far are incomplete because, while the bulk th ..."
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Cited by 175 (6 self)
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The correspondence between string theory in Antide Sitter space and super Yang Mills theory is an example of the Holographic principle according to which a quantum theory with gravity must be describable by a boundary theory. However, arguments given so far are incomplete because, while the bulk theory has been related to a boundary theory, the holographic bound saying that the boundary theory has only one bit of information per Planck area has not been justified. We show here that this bound is the physical interpretation of one of the unusual aspects of the correspondence between Antide Sitter space and the boundary conformal field theory, which is that infrared effects in the bulk theory are reflected as ultraviolet effects in the boundary theory. 1
Parallel spinors and connections with skewsymmetric torsion in string theory
, 2008
"... We describe all almost contact metric, almost hermitian and G2structures admitting a connection with totally skewsymmetric torsion tensor, and prove that there exists at most one such connection. We investigate its torsion form, its Ricci tensor, the Dirac operator and the ∇parallel spinors. In p ..."
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Cited by 153 (7 self)
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We describe all almost contact metric, almost hermitian and G2structures admitting a connection with totally skewsymmetric torsion tensor, and prove that there exists at most one such connection. We investigate its torsion form, its Ricci tensor, the Dirac operator and the ∇parallel spinors. In particular, we obtain solutions of the type II string equations in dimension n = 5, 6 and 7.
Conformal field theory correlators from classical scalar field theory on AdSd+1
"... We use the correspondence between scalar field theory on AdSd+1 and a conformal field theory on R d to calculate the 3 and 4point functions of the latter. The classical scalar field theory action is evaluated at treelevel. ..."
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Cited by 149 (2 self)
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We use the correspondence between scalar field theory on AdSd+1 and a conformal field theory on R d to calculate the 3 and 4point functions of the latter. The classical scalar field theory action is evaluated at treelevel.
Baryons and branes in anti de Sitter space
 JHEP 9807
, 1998
"... In the mapping from fourdimensional gauge theories to string theory in AdS space, many features of gauge theory can be described by branes wrapped in different ways on S 5, RP 5, or subspaces therefore. These include a baryon vertex coupling N external charges in the fundamental representation of S ..."
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Cited by 149 (2 self)
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In the mapping from fourdimensional gauge theories to string theory in AdS space, many features of gauge theory can be described by branes wrapped in different ways on S 5, RP 5, or subspaces therefore. These include a baryon vertex coupling N external charges in the fundamental representation of SU(N), a bound state of k gluons in SO(2k) gauge theory, strings coupled to external charges in the spinor representation of the gauge group, and domain walls across which the low energy gauge group changes. May
Boundary deformation theory and moduli spaces of Dbranes
, 1999
"... Boundary conformal field theory is the suitable framework for a microscopic treatment of Dbranes in arbitrary CFT backgrounds. In this work, we develop boundary deformation theory in order to study the changes of boundary conditions generated by marginal boundary fields. The deformation parameters ..."
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Cited by 142 (27 self)
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Boundary conformal field theory is the suitable framework for a microscopic treatment of Dbranes in arbitrary CFT backgrounds. In this work, we develop boundary deformation theory in order to study the changes of boundary conditions generated by marginal boundary fields. The deformation parameters may be regarded as continuous moduli of Dbranes. We identify a large class of boundary fields which are shown to be truly marginal, and we derive closed formulas describing the associated deformations to all orders in perturbation theory. This allows us to study the global topology properties of the moduli space rather than local aspects only. As an example, we analyse in detail the moduli space of c = 1 theories, which displays various stringy phenomena.
Giant gravitons from holomorphic surfaces
 JHEP
, 2000
"... We introduce a class of supersymmetric cycles in spacetimes of the form AdS times a sphere or T 1,1 which can be considered as generalizations of the giant gravitons. Branes wrapped on these cycles preserve 1 1 1 2 ..."
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Cited by 102 (2 self)
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We introduce a class of supersymmetric cycles in spacetimes of the form AdS times a sphere or T 1,1 which can be considered as generalizations of the giant gravitons. Branes wrapped on these cycles preserve 1 1 1 2