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Hubble volume, Cosmic variable proton mass and the CMB radiation energy density
"... It is noticed that, in the accelerating universe, proton mass, proton size and the strong coupling constant are cosmic variable constants. Independent of the cosmic red shift and CMBR observations, cosmic acceleration can be verified by measuring the ‘rate of decrease ’ in the proton mass. Cosmic in ..."
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It is noticed that, in the accelerating universe, proton mass, proton size and the strong coupling constant are cosmic variable constants. Independent of the cosmic red shift and CMBR observations, cosmic acceleration can be verified by measuring the ‘rate of decrease ’ in the proton mass. Cosmic initial conditions can be addressed with the Planck mass MP ∼= h̄c/G and the coulomb
Publishing DOI:10.12691/ijp131 Is red shift – an index of galactic ‘atomic light emission ’ mechanism?
"... Abstract: By highlighting the major shortcomings of modern cosmology, in this paper, an attempt is made to verify the cosmic acceleration in a quantum mechanical approach. With reference to the valuable opinion of Edwin Hubble, redshift can be related to a new atomic phenomenon. If light is coming f ..."
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Abstract: By highlighting the major shortcomings of modern cosmology, in this paper, an attempt is made to verify the cosmic acceleration in a quantum mechanical approach. With reference to the valuable opinion of Edwin Hubble, redshift can be related to a new atomic phenomenon. If light is coming from the atomic matter of the galaxy, then the observed redshift can be interpreted as an index of the galactic atomic ‘light emission mechanism’. Clearly speaking, redshift may not be connected with ‘galaxy receding’. The authors propose the following: During cosmic evolution, an ‘aged ’ hydrogen atom emits an energetic photon. As the age of the hydrogen atom increases, it emits photons with increased quanta of energy and thus past light quanta emitted from an old galaxy will have less energy and show a red shift with reference to our galaxy. During its journey light quanta will not lose energy and there will be no change in the light’s wavelength. If so current cosmological changes may be reflected in any existing atom. The possible assumptions are: 1) At any given cosmic time, Hubble length can be considered as the gravitational or electromagnetic interaction range. 2) Being a primordial evolving black hole and Hubble’s constant being the angular velocity, universe is always rotating with light speed. 3) In atomic and � A nuclear physics, atomic gravitational constant �G is squared Avogadro number times the Newton’s gravitational constant � n. N and is discrete as � � 2
Atom, Avogadro Number and Atomic Cosmology
"... Abstract: If light is coming from the atomic matter of the galaxy, then the observed redshift can be interpreted as an index of the galactic atomic matter ‘light emission mechanism’. Clearly speaking redshift may not be connected with ‘galaxy receding’. The proposed basic idea is during cosmic evol ..."
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Abstract: If light is coming from the atomic matter of the galaxy, then the observed redshift can be interpreted as an index of the galactic atomic matter ‘light emission mechanism’. Clearly speaking redshift may not be connected with ‘galaxy receding’. The proposed basic idea is during cosmic evolution, as age of the hydrogen atom increases, emitted photon energy increases. If so current cosmological changes may be reflected in any existing atom. At any given cosmic time, Hubble length can be considered as the gravitational or electromagnetic interaction range. By highlighting the six major shortcomings of modern cosmology, in this paper an attempt is made to verify the cosmic acceleration in a quantum mechanical approach. The four possible assumptions are: 1) Reduced Planck’s constant increases with cosmic time. 2) Being a primordial evolving black hole and Hubble’s constant being the angular velocity, universe is always rotating with light speed. 3) Atomic gravitational constant is squared Avogadro number times the classical gravitational constant and 4) Atomic gravitational constant or the classical gravitational constant shows discrete behavior. This may be the root cause of discrete nature of revolving electron’s angular momentum. With reference to the present atomic and nuclear physical constants, obtained Hubble’s constant is (67.88 to 71.41) km/sec/Mpc and is very close to the recommended value. This is a remarkable coincidence and seems to play a vital role in future unified physics.
Inadequacy of Modern Cosmology and Basics of Atomic Cosmology
"... Abstract: If light is coming from the atomic matter of the galaxy, then the observed redshift can be interpreted as an index of the galactic atomic matter ‘light emission mechanism’. Clearly speaking redshift may not be connected with ‘galaxy receding’. The proposed basic idea is during cosmic evol ..."
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Abstract: If light is coming from the atomic matter of the galaxy, then the observed redshift can be interpreted as an index of the galactic atomic matter ‘light emission mechanism’. Clearly speaking redshift may not be connected with ‘galaxy receding’. The proposed basic idea is during cosmic evolution, as age of the hydrogen atom increases, emitted photon energy increases. If so current cosmological changes may be reflected in any existing atom. At any given cosmic time, Hubble length can be considered as the gravitational or electromagnetic interaction range. By highlighting the six major shortcomings of modern cosmology, in this paper an attempt is made to verify the cosmic acceleration in a quantum mechanical approach. The four possible assumptions are: 1) Reduced Planck’s constant increases with cosmic time. 2) Being a primordial evolving black hole and Hubble’s constant being the angular velocity, universe is always rotating with light speed. 3) Atomic gravitational constant is squared Avogadro number times the classical gravitational constant and 4) Atomic gravitational constant or the classical gravitational constant shows discrete behavior. This may be the root cause of discrete nature of revolving electron’s angular momentum. With reference to the present atomic and nuclear physical constants, obtained Hubble’s constant is (67.88 to 71.75) km/sec/Mpc and is very close to the recommended value. This is a remarkable coincidence and seems to play a vital role in future unified physics.
� �c G�
"... Abstract: The definition of Avogadro number � N � and the current experiments to estimate it, however, both rely on the precise definition of “one gram”. Hence most of the scientists consider it as an adhoc number. But in reality it is not the case. In atomic and nuclear physics, atomic gravitation ..."
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Abstract: The definition of Avogadro number � N � and the current experiments to estimate it, however, both rely on the precise definition of “one gram”. Hence most of the scientists consider it as an adhoc number. But in reality it is not the case. In atomic and nuclear physics, atomic gravitational constant �G A � is squared Avogadro number times the Newton’s gravitational constant and is discrete as �n. GA � where n =1,2,3. Key conceptual link 4 that connects the gravitational force and nongravitational forces is the classical force limit, FC
Atom, Fine structure ratio and the Universe
, 2012
"... and the characteristic Hubble radius is R0 ∼ = (c/H0) , mass of the cosmic Hubble volume is M0 ∼ = c32GH0. There exists a charged heavy massive elementary particle MX in such a way that, inverse of the fine structure ratio is equal to the natural logarithm of the sum of number of positively and nega ..."
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and the characteristic Hubble radius is R0 ∼ = (c/H0) , mass of the cosmic Hubble volume is M0 ∼ = c32GH0. There exists a charged heavy massive elementary particle MX in such a way that, inverse of the fine structure ratio is equal to the natural logarithm of the sum of number of positively and negatively charged MX in the Hubble volume. Surprisingly it is noticed that, MX mass is close to Avogadro number times the rest mass of electron. It is noticed that MX plays a very interesting role in particle and nuclear physics. In addition to these ideas it can also be suggested that, for any observable charged particle, there exists 2 kinds of masses and their mass ratio is XE ∼ = 295.0606339 and if h ̄ is the quanta of the gravitational angular momentum, then the electromagnetic quanta can be expressed as h̄