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47
A unified framework for highdimensional analysis of Mestimators with decomposable regularizers
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Noisy matrix decomposition via convex relaxation: Optimal rates in high dimensions
 ANNALS OF STATISTICS,40(2):1171
, 2013
"... We analyze a class of estimators based on convex relaxation for solving highdimensional matrix decomposition problems. The observations are noisy realizations of a linear transformation X of the sum of an (approximately) low rank matrix � ⋆ with a second matrix Ɣ ⋆ endowed with a complementary for ..."
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Cited by 61 (8 self)
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We analyze a class of estimators based on convex relaxation for solving highdimensional matrix decomposition problems. The observations are noisy realizations of a linear transformation X of the sum of an (approximately) low rank matrix � ⋆ with a second matrix Ɣ ⋆ endowed with a complementary form of lowdimensional structure; this setup includes many statistical models of interest, including factor analysis, multitask regression and robust covariance estimation. We derive a general theorem that bounds the Frobenius norm error for an estimate of the pair ( � ⋆,Ɣ ⋆ ) obtained by solving a convex optimization problem that combines the nuclear norm with a general decomposable regularizer. Our results use a “spikiness ” condition that is related to, but milder than, singular vector incoherence. We specialize our general result to two cases that have been studied in past work: low rank plus an entrywise sparse matrix, and low rank plus a columnwise sparse matrix. For both models, our theory yields nonasymptotic Frobenius error bounds for both deterministic and stochastic noise matrices, and applies to matrices � ⋆ that can be exactly or approximately low rank, and matrices Ɣ ⋆ that can be exactly or approximately sparse. Moreover, for the case of stochastic noise matrices and the identity observation operator, we establish matching lower bounds on the minimax error. The sharpness of our nonasymptotic predictions is confirmed by numerical simulations.
Clustering partially observed graphs via convex optimization.
 Journal of Machine Learning Research,
, 2014
"... Abstract This paper considers the problem of clustering a partially observed unweighted graphi.e., one where for some node pairs we know there is an edge between them, for some others we know there is no edge, and for the remaining we do not know whether or not there is an edge. We want to organiz ..."
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Cited by 47 (13 self)
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Abstract This paper considers the problem of clustering a partially observed unweighted graphi.e., one where for some node pairs we know there is an edge between them, for some others we know there is no edge, and for the remaining we do not know whether or not there is an edge. We want to organize the nodes into disjoint clusters so that there is relatively dense (observed) connectivity within clusters, and sparse across clusters. We take a novel yet natural approach to this problem, by focusing on finding the clustering that minimizes the number of "disagreements"i.e., the sum of the number of (observed) missing edges within clusters, and (observed) present edges across clusters. Our algorithm uses convex optimization; its basis is a reduction of disagreement minimization to the problem of recovering an (unknown) lowrank matrix and an (unknown) sparse matrix from their partially observed sum. We evaluate the performance of our algorithm on the classical Planted Partition/Stochastic Block Model. Our main theorem provides sufficient conditions for the success of our algorithm as a function of the minimum cluster size, edge density and observation probability; in particular, the results characterize the tradeoff between the observation probability and the edge density gap. When there are a constant number of clusters of equal size, our results are optimal up to logarithmic factors.
Recursive robust pca or recursive sparse recovery in large but structured noise
 in IEEE Intl. Symp. on Information Theory (ISIT
, 2013
"... This Dissertation is brought to you for free and open access by the Graduate College at Digital Repository @ Iowa State University. It has been accepted for inclusion in Graduate Theses and Dissertations by an authorized administrator of Digital Repository @ Iowa State University. For more informati ..."
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Cited by 22 (17 self)
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This Dissertation is brought to you for free and open access by the Graduate College at Digital Repository @ Iowa State University. It has been accepted for inclusion in Graduate Theses and Dissertations by an authorized administrator of Digital Repository @ Iowa State University. For more information, please contact
Incoherenceoptimal matrix completion
, 2013
"... This paper considers the matrix completion problem. We show that it is not necessary to assume joint incoherence, which is a standard but unintuitive and restrictive condition that is imposed by previous studies. This leads to a sample complexity bound that is orderwise optimal with respect to the ..."
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Cited by 16 (3 self)
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This paper considers the matrix completion problem. We show that it is not necessary to assume joint incoherence, which is a standard but unintuitive and restrictive condition that is imposed by previous studies. This leads to a sample complexity bound that is orderwise optimal with respect to the incoherence parameter (as well as to the rank r and the matrix dimension n, except for a log n factor). As a consequence, we improve the sample complexity of recovering a semidefinite matrix from O(nr2 log2 n) to O(nr log2 n), and the highest allowable rank from Θ( n / log n) to Θ(n / log2 n). The key step in proof is to obtain new bounds on the `∞,2norm, defined as the maximum of the row and column norms of a matrix. To demonstrate the applicability of our techniques, we discuss extensions to SVD projection, semisupervised clustering and structured matrix completion. Finally, we turn to the lowrankplussparse matrix decomposition problem, and show that the joint incoherence condition is unavoidable here conditioned on computational complexity assumptions on the classical planted clique problem. This means that it is intractable in general to separate a rankω( n) positive semidefinite matrix and a sparse matrix. 1
Convex tensor decomposition via structured Schatten norm regularization
 IN ADVANCES IN NIPS 26
, 2013
"... We study a new class of structured Schatten norms for tensors that includes two recently proposed norms (“overlapped” and “latent”) for convexoptimizationbased tensor decomposition. We analyze the performance of “latent” approach for tensor decomposition, which was empirically found to perform bet ..."
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Cited by 15 (2 self)
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We study a new class of structured Schatten norms for tensors that includes two recently proposed norms (“overlapped” and “latent”) for convexoptimizationbased tensor decomposition. We analyze the performance of “latent” approach for tensor decomposition, which was empirically found to perform better than the “overlapped” approach in some settings. We show theoretically that this is indeed the case. In particular, when the unknown true tensor is lowrank in a specific unknown mode, this approach performs as well as knowing the mode with the smallest rank. Along the way, we show a novel duality result for structured Schatten norms, which is also interesting in the general context of structured sparsity. We confirm through numerical simulations that our theory can precisely predict the scaling behaviour of the mean squared error.
An online algorithm for separating sparse and lowdimensional signal sequences from their sum
 IEEE Trans. Signal Process
"... Abstract—This paper designs and extensively evaluates an online algorithm, called practical recursive projected compressive sensing (PracReProCS), for recovering a time sequence of sparse vectors and a time sequence of dense vectors from their sum, , when the ’s lie in a slowly changing lowdimens ..."
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Cited by 10 (8 self)
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Abstract—This paper designs and extensively evaluates an online algorithm, called practical recursive projected compressive sensing (PracReProCS), for recovering a time sequence of sparse vectors and a time sequence of dense vectors from their sum, , when the ’s lie in a slowly changing lowdimensional subspace of the full space. A key application where this problem occurs is in realtime video layering where the goal is to separate a video sequence into a slowly changing background sequence and a sparse foreground sequence that consists of one or more moving regions/objects onthefly. PracReProCS is a practical modification of its theoretical counterpart which was analyzed in our recent work. Extension to the undersampled case is also developed. Extensive experimental comparisons demonstrating the advantage of the approach for both simulated and real videos, over existing batch and recursive methods, are shown. Index Terms—Online robust PCA, recursive sparse recovery, large but structured noise, compressed sensing. I.
A novel mestimator for robust PCA
"... We study the basic problem of robust subspace recovery. That is, we assume a data set that some of its points are sampled around a fixed subspace and the rest of them are spread in the whole ambient space, and we aim to recover the fixed underlying subspace. We first estimate “robust inverse sample ..."
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Cited by 8 (4 self)
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We study the basic problem of robust subspace recovery. That is, we assume a data set that some of its points are sampled around a fixed subspace and the rest of them are spread in the whole ambient space, and we aim to recover the fixed underlying subspace. We first estimate “robust inverse sample covariance ” by solving a convex minimization procedure; we then recover the subspace by the bottom eigenvectors of this matrix (their number correspond to the number of eigenvalues close to 0). We guarantee exact subspace recovery under some conditions on the underlying data. Furthermore, we propose a fast iterative algorithm, which linearly converges to the matrix minimizing the convex problem. We also quantify the effect of noise and regularization and discuss many other practical and theoretical issues for improving the subspace recovery in various settings. When replacing the sum of terms in the convex energy function (that we minimize) with the sum of squares of terms, we obtain that the new minimizer is a scaled version of the inverse sample covariance (when exists). We thus interpret our minimizer and its subspace (spanned by its bottom eigenvectors) as robust versions of the empirical inverse covariance and the PCA subspace respectively. We compare our method with many other algorithms for robust PCA on synthetic and real data sets and demonstrate stateoftheart speed and accuracy.