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239
Geometry images
 IN PROC. 29TH SIGGRAPH
, 2002
"... Surface geometry is often modeled with irregular triangle meshes. The process of remeshing refers to approximating such geometry using a mesh with (semi)regular connectivity, which has advantages for many graphics applications. However, current techniques for remeshing arbitrary surfaces create onl ..."
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Cited by 342 (24 self)
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Surface geometry is often modeled with irregular triangle meshes. The process of remeshing refers to approximating such geometry using a mesh with (semi)regular connectivity, which has advantages for many graphics applications. However, current techniques for remeshing arbitrary surfaces create only semiregular meshes. The original mesh is typically decomposed into a set of disklike charts, onto which the geometry is parametrized and sampled. In this paper, we propose to remesh an arbitrary surface onto a completely regular structure we call a geometry image. It captures geometry as a simple 2D array of quantized points. Surface signals like normals and colors are stored in similar 2D arrays using the same implicit surface parametrization — texture coordinates are absent. To create a geometry image, we cut an arbitrary mesh along a network of edge paths, and parametrize the resulting single chart onto a square. Geometry images can be encoded using traditional image compression algorithms, such as waveletbased coders.
Spectral Compression of Mesh Geometry
, 2000
"... We show how spectral methods may be applied to 3D mesh data to obtain compact representations. This is achieved by projecting the mesh geometry onto an orthonormal basis derived from the mesh topology. To reduce complexity, the mesh is partitioned into a number of balanced submeshes with minimal int ..."
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Cited by 234 (6 self)
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We show how spectral methods may be applied to 3D mesh data to obtain compact representations. This is achieved by projecting the mesh geometry onto an orthonormal basis derived from the mesh topology. To reduce complexity, the mesh is partitioned into a number of balanced submeshes with minimal interaction, each of which are compressed independently. Our methods may be used for compression and progressive transmission of 3D content, and are shown to be vastly superior to existing methods using spatial techniques, if slight loss can be tolerated.
NonIterative, FeaturePreserving Mesh Smoothing
 ACM Transactions on Graphics
, 2003
"... With the increasing use of geometry scanners to create 3D models, there is a rising need for fast and robust mesh smoothing to remove inevitable noise in the measurements. While most previous work has favored diffusionbased iterative techniques for featurepreserving smoothing, we propose a radicall ..."
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Cited by 151 (4 self)
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With the increasing use of geometry scanners to create 3D models, there is a rising need for fast and robust mesh smoothing to remove inevitable noise in the measurements. While most previous work has favored diffusionbased iterative techniques for featurepreserving smoothing, we propose a radically different approach, based on robust statistics and local firstorder predictors of the surface. The robustness of our local estimates allows us to derive a noniterative featurepreserving filtering technique applicable to arbitrary "triangle soups". We demonstrate its simplicity of implementation and its efficiency, which makes it an excellent solution for smoothing large, noisy, and nonmanifold meshes.
Normal Meshes
, 2000
"... Normal meshes are new fundamental surface descriptions inspired by differential geometry. A normal mesh is a multiresolution mesh where each level can be written as a normal offset from a coarser version. Hence the mesh can be stored with a single float per vertex. We present an algorithm to approxi ..."
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Cited by 144 (8 self)
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Normal meshes are new fundamental surface descriptions inspired by differential geometry. A normal mesh is a multiresolution mesh where each level can be written as a normal offset from a coarser version. Hence the mesh can be stored with a single float per vertex. We present an algorithm to approximate any surface arbitrarily closely with a normal semiregular mesh. Normal meshes can be useful in numerous applications such as compression, filtering, rendering, texturing, and modeling.
Consistent Mesh Parameterizations
, 2001
"... A basic element of Digital Geometry Processing algorithms is the establishment of a smooth parameterization for a given model. In this paper we propose an algorithm which establishes parameterizations for a set of models. The parameterizations are called consistent because they share the same base d ..."
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Cited by 133 (3 self)
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A basic element of Digital Geometry Processing algorithms is the establishment of a smooth parameterization for a given model. In this paper we propose an algorithm which establishes parameterizations for a set of models. The parameterizations are called consistent because they share the same base domain and respect features. They give immediate correspondences between models and allow remeshes with the same connectivity. Such remeshes form the basis for a large class of algorithms, including principal component analysis, wavelet transforms, detail and texture transfer between models, and nway shape blending. We demonstrate the versatility of our algorithm with a number of examples.
MultiChart Geometry Images
, 2003
"... We introduce multichart geometry images, a new representation for arbitrary surfaces. It is created by resampling a surface onto a regular 2D grid. Whereas the original scheme of Gu et al. maps the entire surface onto a single square, we use an atlas construction to map the surface piecewise onto c ..."
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Cited by 117 (4 self)
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We introduce multichart geometry images, a new representation for arbitrary surfaces. It is created by resampling a surface onto a regular 2D grid. Whereas the original scheme of Gu et al. maps the entire surface onto a single square, we use an atlas construction to map the surface piecewise onto charts of arbitrary shape. We demonstrate that this added flexibility reduces parametrization distortion and thus provides greater geometric fidelity, particularly for shapes with long extremities, high genus, or disconnected components. Traditional atlas constructions suffer from discontinuous reconstruction across chart boundaries, which in our context create unacceptable surface cracks. Our solution is a novel zippering algorithm that creates a watertight surface. In addition, we present a new atlas chartification scheme based on clustering optimization.
SemiRegular Mesh Extraction from Volumes
, 2000
"... We present a novel method to extract isosurfaces from distance volumes. It generates high quality semiregular multiresolution meshes of arbitrary topology. Our technique proceeds in two stages. First, a very coarse mesh with guaranteed topology is extracted. Subsequently an iterative multiscale f ..."
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Cited by 104 (13 self)
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We present a novel method to extract isosurfaces from distance volumes. It generates high quality semiregular multiresolution meshes of arbitrary topology. Our technique proceeds in two stages. First, a very coarse mesh with guaranteed topology is extracted. Subsequently an iterative multiscale forcebased solver refines the initial mesh into a semiregular mesh with geometrically adaptive sampling rate and good aspect ratio triangles. The coarse mesh extraction is performed using a new approach we call surface wavefront propagation. A set of discrete isodistance ribbons are rapidly built and connected while respecting the topology of the isosurface implied by the data. Subsequent multiscale refinement is driven by a simple forcebased solver designed to combine good isosurface fit and high quality sampling through reparameterization. In contrast to the Marching Cubes technique our output meshes adapt gracefully to the isosurface geometry, have a natural multiresolution structure and good aspect ratio triangles, as demonstrated with a number of examples.
Globally Smooth Parameterizations with Low Distortion
, 2003
"... Good parameterizations are of central importance in many digital geometry processing tasks. Typically the behavior of such processing algorithms is related to the smoothness of the parameterization and how much distortion it contains, i.e., how rapidly the derivatives of the parameterization change. ..."
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Cited by 100 (2 self)
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Good parameterizations are of central importance in many digital geometry processing tasks. Typically the behavior of such processing algorithms is related to the smoothness of the parameterization and how much distortion it contains, i.e., how rapidly the derivatives of the parameterization change. Since a parameterization maps a bounded region of the plane to the surface, a parameterization for a surface which is not homeomorphic to a disc must be made up of multiple pieces. We present a novel parameterization algorithm for arbitrary topology surface meshes which computes a globally smooth parameterization with low distortion. We optimize the patch layout subject to criteria such as shape quality and parametric distortion, which are used to steer a mesh simplification approach for base complex construction. Global smoothness is achieved through simultaneous relaxation over all patches, with suitable transition functions between patches incorporated into the relaxation procedure. We demonstrate the quality of our parameterizations through numerical evaluation of distortion measures; the rate distortion behavior of semiregular remeshes produced with these parameterizations; and a comparison with globally smooth subdivision methods. The numerical algorithms required to compute the parameterizations are robust and run on the order of minutes even for large meshes.
Progressive Compression for Lossless Transmission of Triangle Meshes
, 2001
"... Lossless transmission of 3D meshes is a very challenging and timely problem for many applications, ranging from collaborative design to engineering. Additionally, frequent delays in transmissions call for progressive transmission in order for the end user to receive useful successive refinements of ..."
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Cited by 99 (4 self)
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Lossless transmission of 3D meshes is a very challenging and timely problem for many applications, ranging from collaborative design to engineering. Additionally, frequent delays in transmissions call for progressive transmission in order for the end user to receive useful successive refinements of the final mesh. In this paper, we present a novel, fully progressive encoding approach for lossless transmission of triangle meshes with a very fine granularity. A new valencedriven decimating conquest, combined with patch tiling and an original strategic retriangulation is used to maintain the regularity of valence. We demonstrate that this technique leads to good mesh quality, nearoptimal connectivity encoding, and therefore a good ratedistortion ratio throughout the transmission. We also improve upon previous lossless geometry encoding by decorrelating the normal and tangential components of the surface. For typical meshes, our method compresses connectivity down to less than 3.7 bits per vertex, 40% better in average than the best methods previously reported [5, 18]; we further reduce the usual geometry bit rates by 20% in average by exploiting the smoothness of meshes. Concretely, our technique can reduce an ascii VRML 3D model down to 1.7% of its size for a 10bit quantization (2.3% for a 12bit quantization) while providing a very progressive reconstruction.
Removing excess topology from isosurfaces
 ACM Trans. Graph
, 2004
"... Many highresolution surfaces are created through isosurface extraction from volumetric representations, obtained by 3D photography, CT, or MRI. Noise inherent in the acquisition process can lead to geometrical and topological errors. Reducing geometrical errors during reconstruction is well studie ..."
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Cited by 81 (1 self)
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Many highresolution surfaces are created through isosurface extraction from volumetric representations, obtained by 3D photography, CT, or MRI. Noise inherent in the acquisition process can lead to geometrical and topological errors. Reducing geometrical errors during reconstruction is well studied. However, isosurfaces often contain many topological errors in the form of tiny handles. These nearly invisible artifacts hinder subsequent operations like mesh simplification, remeshing, and parametrization. In this paper we present an efficient method for removing handles in an isosurface. Our algorithm makes an axisaligned sweep through the volume to locate handles, compute their sizes, and selectively remove them. The algorithm is designed for outofcore execution. It finds the handles by incrementally constructing and analyzing a surface Reeb graph. The size of a handle is measured by a short surface loop that breaks it. Handles are removed robustly by modifying the volume rather than attempting “mesh surgery. ” Finally, the volumetric modifications are spatially localized to preserve geometrical detail. We demonstrate topology simplification on several complex models, and show its benefit for subsequent surface processing.