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**11 - 14**of**14**### Realistic Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics and Encounter-Delayed-Choice Experiment

, 2014

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### A GENERAL THEORY OF THE SYSTEM QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT . . . ASYMMETRIC SPIN STATES . . . -- A CONCATENATED MODEL

, 2012

"... One of the strengths of classical information theory is that information can be disregarded: There is no need for an 'ink information' theory. This is because it is always possible from one representation to another. However, this is not the case for quantum infor possible, for example, t ..."

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One of the strengths of classical information theory is that information can be disregarded: There is no need for an 'ink information' theory. This is because it is always possible from one representation to another. However, this is not the case for quantum infor possible, for example, to write down on paper the previously unknown information polarization of a photon. In general, quantum mechanics quantum system with arbitrary precision cannot be e(e&eb) converted into classical information. It is only possible quantum information between quantum systems of sufficient information capacity. The information content of a message can, for this reason, be measured in terms of the minimum number level systems which are needed to store the message: sense, the term qubit is thus a measure for the amount carry at most one qubit; in the same sense a classical binary digit can carry at most one classical bit. As a consequence of the noisy-channel coding theorem information carrier to be finite. It is very difficult

### Faster Communication Using Probabilistic Swapped-Bell-States Analysis

"... This article was written by the author outside of his regular charges. In this article, a procedure called Probabilistic Swapped-Bell-States Analysis (PSBA) is proposed. Using this procedure two communication partners can transmit (binary-encoded) information over large spatial distances. This proce ..."

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This article was written by the author outside of his regular charges. In this article, a procedure called Probabilistic Swapped-Bell-States Analysis (PSBA) is proposed. Using this procedure two communication partners can transmit (binary-encoded) information over large spatial distances. This procedure is unusual insofar as no classical communication channels are used either during or after information encoding. To make this possible, entanglement swapping is used as a transport channel. The encoding of bits is realized by the execution (or non-execution, as the case may be) of entanglement swapping on multiple photon pairs, while decoding is realized by a statistical detection of swapped entanglements. If the PSBA procedure sustains itself against a rebuttal by the scientific community, it would constitute a technical approach for transmitting information faster than light. The PSBA procedure seems to be in harmony with the no-communication theorem, since PSBA does not manipulate (and teleport) specific states from one (entangled) particle to another in order to communicate, but instead uses statistics on entanglement swappings for information encoding.

### © Science and Education Publishing DOI:10.12691/ijp-3-1-7 Apparent Superluminal Speeds in Evanescent Fields, Quantum Tunnelling and Quantum Entanglement

, 2015

"... Abstract Three cases of wave propagation involving possible superluminal speeds are discussed. The picture that emerges is that the actual propagation velocity of the wave front never exceeds the speed of light in vacuum. However, once the wave front has reached some distant point in space, then pro ..."

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Abstract Three cases of wave propagation involving possible superluminal speeds are discussed. The picture that emerges is that the actual propagation velocity of the wave front never exceeds the speed of light in vacuum. However, once the wave front has reached some distant point in space, then propagation may actually seem to take place along this wave with superluminal speed, yet involving no conflict with special relativity. Quantum entanglement – Einstein’s “spooky action at a distance ” – is one famous, and now experimentally verified example of propagation at such apparent superluminal speed, but which is here explained within the framework of special relativity. This then at the same time also leads to a deeper understanding of the limitation of the recently proposed clock-hypothesis in special relativity, and also provides an illustration of the mechanism involved in wave-particle duality.