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The Problem of Validity Proofs
"... In philosophical contexts, logical formalisms are often resorted to as a means to render the validity and invalidity of informal arguments formally transparent. Since Oliver (1967) and Massey (1975), however, it has been recognized in the literature that identifying valid arguments is easier than id ..."
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Cited by 2 (1 self)
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In philosophical contexts, logical formalisms are often resorted to as a means to render the validity and invalidity of informal arguments formally transparent. Since Oliver (1967) and Massey (1975), however, it has been recognized in the literature that identifying valid arguments is easier than
ProofCarrying Code
, 1997
"... This paper describes proofcarrying code (PCC), a mechanism by which a host system can determine with certainty that it is safe to execute a program supplied (possibly in binary form) by an untrusted source. For this to be possible, the untrusted code producer must supply with the code a safety proo ..."
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Cited by 1263 (27 self)
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proof that attests to the code's adherence to a previously defined safety policy. The host can then easily and quickly validate the proof without using cryptography and without consulting any external agents. In order to gain preliminary experience with PCC, we have performed several case studies
Validated ProofProducing Decision Procedures
, 2004
"... A widely used technique to integrate decision procedures (DPs) with other systems is to have the DPs emit proofs of the formulas they report valid. One problem that arises is debugging the proofproducing code; it is very easy in standard programming languages to write code which produces an incorre ..."
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Cited by 10 (5 self)
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A widely used technique to integrate decision procedures (DPs) with other systems is to have the DPs emit proofs of the formulas they report valid. One problem that arises is debugging the proofproducing code; it is very easy in standard programming languages to write code which produces
Proofs that Yield Nothing but Their Validity or All Languages in NP Have ZeroKnowledge Proof Systems
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 1991
"... In this paper the generality and wide applicability of Zeroknowledge proofs, a notion introduced by Goldwasser, Micali, and Rackoff is demonstrated. These are probabilistic and interactive proofs that, for the members of a language, efficiently demonstrate membership in the language without convey ..."
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Cited by 430 (44 self)
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In this paper the generality and wide applicability of Zeroknowledge proofs, a notion introduced by Goldwasser, Micali, and Rackoff is demonstrated. These are probabilistic and interactive proofs that, for the members of a language, efficiently demonstrate membership in the language without
StrategyProofness and Arrow’s Conditions: Existence and Correspondence Theorems for Voting Procedures and Social Welfare Functions
 J. Econ. Theory
, 1975
"... Consider a committee which must select one alternative from a set of three or more alternatives. Committee members each cast a ballot which the voting procedure counts. The voting procedure is strategyproof if it always induces every committee member to cast a ballot revealing his preference. I pro ..."
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Cited by 542 (0 self)
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Consider a committee which must select one alternative from a set of three or more alternatives. Committee members each cast a ballot which the voting procedure counts. The voting procedure is strategyproof if it always induces every committee member to cast a ballot revealing his preference. I
Sprite: A Simple, CheatProof, CreditBased System for Mobile AdHoc Networks
 in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM
, 2002
"... Mobile ad hoc networking has been an active research area for several years. How to stimulate cooperation among selfish mobile nodes, however, is not well addressed yet. In this paper, we propose Sprite, a simple, cheatproof, creditbased system for stimulating cooperation among selfish nodes in mob ..."
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Cited by 473 (18 self)
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Mobile ad hoc networking has been an active research area for several years. How to stimulate cooperation among selfish mobile nodes, however, is not well addressed yet. In this paper, we propose Sprite, a simple, cheatproof, creditbased system for stimulating cooperation among selfish nodes
A Framework for Defining Logics
 JOURNAL OF THE ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTING MACHINERY
, 1993
"... The Edinburgh Logical Framework (LF) provides a means to define (or present) logics. It is based on a general treatment of syntax, rules, and proofs by means of a typed calculus with dependent types. Syntax is treated in a style similar to, but more general than, MartinLof's system of ariti ..."
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Cited by 807 (45 self)
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The Edinburgh Logical Framework (LF) provides a means to define (or present) logics. It is based on a general treatment of syntax, rules, and proofs by means of a typed calculus with dependent types. Syntax is treated in a style similar to, but more general than, MartinLof's system
Uniform proofs as a foundation for logic programming
 ANNALS OF PURE AND APPLIED LOGIC
, 1991
"... A prooftheoretic characterization of logical languages that form suitable bases for Prologlike programming languages is provided. This characterization is based on the principle that the declarative meaning of a logic program, provided by provability in a logical system, should coincide with its ..."
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Cited by 425 (124 self)
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A prooftheoretic characterization of logical languages that form suitable bases for Prologlike programming languages is provided. This characterization is based on the principle that the declarative meaning of a logic program, provided by provability in a logical system, should coincide
Logic Programming with Focusing Proofs in Linear Logic
 Journal of Logic and Computation
, 1992
"... The deep symmetry of Linear Logic [18] makes it suitable for providing abstract models of computation, free from implementation details which are, by nature, oriented and non symmetrical. I propose here one such model, in the area of Logic Programming, where the basic computational principle is C ..."
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