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Threedimensional object recognition from single twodimensional images
 Artificial Intelligence
, 1987
"... A computer vision system has been implemented that can recognize threedimensional objects from unknown viewpoints in single grayscale images. Unlike most other approaches, the recognition is accomplished without any attempt to reconstruct depth information bottomup from the visual input. Instead, ..."
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Cited by 483 (7 self)
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, three other mechanisms are used that can bridge the gap between the twodimensional image and knowledge of threedimensional objects. First, a process of perceptual organization is used to form groupings and structures in the image that are likely to be invariant over a wide range of viewpoints. Second
Large margin methods for structured and interdependent output variables
 JOURNAL OF MACHINE LEARNING RESEARCH
, 2005
"... Learning general functional dependencies between arbitrary input and output spaces is one of the key challenges in computational intelligence. While recent progress in machine learning has mainly focused on designing flexible and powerful input representations, this paper addresses the complementary ..."
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Cited by 612 (12 self)
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Learning general functional dependencies between arbitrary input and output spaces is one of the key challenges in computational intelligence. While recent progress in machine learning has mainly focused on designing flexible and powerful input representations, this paper addresses
Solving multiclass learning problems via errorcorrecting output codes
 JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH
, 1995
"... Multiclass learning problems involve nding a de nition for an unknown function f(x) whose range is a discrete set containing k>2values (i.e., k \classes"). The de nition is acquired by studying collections of training examples of the form hx i;f(x i)i. Existing approaches to multiclass l ..."
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Cited by 730 (8 self)
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output representations. This paper compares these three approaches to a new technique in which errorcorrecting codes are employed as a distributed output representation. We show that these output representations improve the generalization performance of both C4.5 and backpropagation on a wide range
Tree visualization with Treemaps: A 2d spacefilling approach
 ACM Transactions on Graphics
, 1991
"... this paper deals with a twodimensional (2d) spacefilling approach in which each node is a rectangle whose area is proportional to some attribute such as node size. Research on relationships between 2d images and their representation in tree structures has focussed on node and link representation ..."
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Cited by 534 (29 self)
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this paper deals with a twodimensional (2d) spacefilling approach in which each node is a rectangle whose area is proportional to some attribute such as node size. Research on relationships between 2d images and their representation in tree structures has focussed on node and link
An Empirical Characterization of the Dynamic Effects of changes in Government Spending and Taxes on Output
 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS
, 2002
"... This paper characterizes the dynamic effects of shocks in government spending and taxes on U. S. activity in the postwar period. It does so by using a mixed structural VAR/event study approach. Identification is achieved by using institutional information about the tax and transfer systems to identi ..."
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Cited by 650 (11 self)
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to identify the automatic response of taxes and spending to activity, and, by implication, to infer fiscal shocks. The results consistently show positive government spending shocks as having a positive effect on output, and positive tax shocks as having a negative effect. One result has a distinctly
Actions as spacetime shapes
 In ICCV
, 2005
"... Human action in video sequences can be seen as silhouettes of a moving torso and protruding limbs undergoing articulated motion. We regard human actions as threedimensional shapes induced by the silhouettes in the spacetime volume. We adopt a recent approach [14] for analyzing 2D shapes and genera ..."
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Cited by 642 (4 self)
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Human action in video sequences can be seen as silhouettes of a moving torso and protruding limbs undergoing articulated motion. We regard human actions as threedimensional shapes induced by the silhouettes in the spacetime volume. We adopt a recent approach [14] for analyzing 2D shapes
The space complexity of approximating the frequency moments
 JOURNAL OF COMPUTER AND SYSTEM SCIENCES
, 1996
"... The frequency moments of a sequence containing mi elements of type i, for 1 ≤ i ≤ n, are the numbers Fk = �n i=1 mki. We consider the space complexity of randomized algorithms that approximate the numbers Fk, when the elements of the sequence are given one by one and cannot be stored. Surprisingly, ..."
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Cited by 855 (12 self)
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The frequency moments of a sequence containing mi elements of type i, for 1 ≤ i ≤ n, are the numbers Fk = �n i=1 mki. We consider the space complexity of randomized algorithms that approximate the numbers Fk, when the elements of the sequence are given one by one and cannot be stored. Surprisingly
The irreducibility of the space of curves of given genus
 Publ. Math. IHES
, 1969
"... Fix an algebraically closed field k. Let Mg be the moduli space of curves of genus g over k. The main result of this note is that Mg is irreducible for every k. Of course, whether or not M s is irreducible depends only on the characteristic of k. When the characteristic s o, we can assume that k ~ ..."
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Cited by 512 (2 self)
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is to construct families of curves X, some singular, with pa(X)=g, over nonsingular parameter spaces, which in some sense contain enough singular curves to link together any two components that Mg might have. The essential thing that makes this method work now is a recent " stable reduction theorem "
Representing twentieth century spacetime climate variability, part 1: development of a 196190 mean monthly terrestrial climatology
 Journal of Climate
, 1999
"... The construction of a 0.58 lat 3 0.58 long surface climatology of global land areas, excluding Antarctica, is described. The climatology represents the period 1961–90 and comprises a suite of nine variables: precipitation, wetday frequency, mean temperature, diurnal temperature range, vapor pressur ..."
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Cited by 551 (12 self)
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The construction of a 0.58 lat 3 0.58 long surface climatology of global land areas, excluding Antarctica, is described. The climatology represents the period 1961–90 and comprises a suite of nine variables: precipitation, wetday frequency, mean temperature, diurnal temperature range, vapor pressure, sunshine, cloud cover, ground frost frequency, and wind speed. The climate surfaces have been constructed from a new dataset of station 1961–90 climatological normals, numbering between 19 800 (precipitation) and 3615 (wind speed). The station data were interpolated as a function of latitude, longitude, and elevation using thinplate splines. The accuracy of the interpolations are assessed using cross validation and by comparison with other climatologies. This new climatology represents an advance over earlier published global terrestrial climatologies in that it is strictly constrained to the period 1961–90, describes an extended suite of surface climate variables, explicitly incorporates elevation as a predictor variable, and contains an evaluation of regional errors associated with this and other commonly used climatologies. The climatology is already being used by researchers in the areas of ecosystem modelling, climate model evaluation, and climate change impact assessment. The data are available from the Climatic Research Unit and images of all the monthly fields can be accessed via the World Wide Web. 1.
Antide Sitter Space, Thermal Phase Transition, and Confinement in Gauge Theories
 Adv. Theor. Math. Phys
, 1998
"... The correspondence between supergravity (and string theory) on AdS space and boundary conformal field theory relates the thermodynamics of N = 4 super YangMills theory in four dimensions to the thermodynamics of Schwarzschild black holes in Antide Sitter space. In this description, quantum phenome ..."
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Cited by 1087 (4 self)
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The correspondence between supergravity (and string theory) on AdS space and boundary conformal field theory relates the thermodynamics of N = 4 super YangMills theory in four dimensions to the thermodynamics of Schwarzschild black holes in Antide Sitter space. In this description, quantum
Results 1  10
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2,019,606