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13,763
Tissue Probability Map Constrained 4D Clustering Algorithm for Increased Accuracy and Robustness in Serial MR Brain Image Segmentation
"... Abstract: The traditional fuzzy clustering algorithm and its extensions have been successfully applied in MR image segmentation for quantitative morphological analysis. However, the clustering results might be biased due to the variability of tissue intensities and anatomical structures. For example ..."
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. For example, clusteringbased algorithms tend to oversegment white matter tissues of MR brain images. To solve this problem, we introduce a tissue probability map constrained clustering algorithm and apply it to serial MR brain image segmentation, i.e., a series of 3D MR brain images of the same subject
Tissue Probability Map Constrained CLASSIC for Increased Accuracy and Robustness in Serial Image Segmentation
"... Traditional fuzzy clustering algorithms have been successfully applied in MR image segmentation for quantitative morphological analysis. However, the clustering results might be biased due to the variability of tissue intensities and anatomical structures. For example, clusteringbased algorithms te ..."
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tend to oversegment white matter tissues of MR brain images. To solve this problem, we introduce a tissue probability map constrained clustering algorithm and apply it to serial MR brain image segmentation for longitudinal study of human brains. The tissue probability maps consist of segmentation
Alternative isoform regulation in human tissue transcriptomes
 Nature
, 2008
"... Through alternative processing of premRNAs, individual mammalian genes often produce multiple mRNA and protein isoforms that may have related, distinct or even opposing functions. Here we report an indepth analysis of 15 diverse human tissue and cell line transcriptomes based on deep sequencing of ..."
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Cited by 545 (6 self)
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Through alternative processing of premRNAs, individual mammalian genes often produce multiple mRNA and protein isoforms that may have related, distinct or even opposing functions. Here we report an indepth analysis of 15 diverse human tissue and cell line transcriptomes based on deep sequencing
Probabilistic Outputs for Support Vector Machines and Comparisons to Regularized Likelihood Methods
 ADVANCES IN LARGE MARGIN CLASSIFIERS
, 1999
"... The output of a classifier should be a calibrated posterior probability to enable postprocessing. Standard SVMs do not provide such probabilities. One method to create probabilities is to directly train a kernel classifier with a logit link function and a regularized maximum likelihood score. Howev ..."
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Cited by 1051 (0 self)
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. However, training with a maximum likelihood score will produce nonsparse kernel machines. Instead, we train an SVM, then train the parameters of an additional sigmoid function to map the SVM outputs into probabilities. This chapter compares classification error rate and likelihood scores for an SVM plus
Markov Random Field Models in Computer Vision
, 1994
"... . A variety of computer vision problems can be optimally posed as Bayesian labeling in which the solution of a problem is defined as the maximum a posteriori (MAP) probability estimate of the true labeling. The posterior probability is usually derived from a prior model and a likelihood model. The l ..."
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Cited by 516 (18 self)
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. A variety of computer vision problems can be optimally posed as Bayesian labeling in which the solution of a problem is defined as the maximum a posteriori (MAP) probability estimate of the true labeling. The posterior probability is usually derived from a prior model and a likelihood model
Stochastic relaxation, Gibbs distributions and the Bayesian restoration of images.
 IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell.
, 1984
"... AbstractWe make an analogy between images and statistical mechanics systems. Pixel gray levels and the presence and orientation of edges are viewed as states of atoms or molecules in a latticelike physical system. The assignment of an energy function in the physical system determines its Gibbs di ..."
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Cited by 5126 (1 self)
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system isolates low energy states ("annealing"), or what is the same thing, the most probable states under the Gibbs distribution. The analogous operation under the posterior distribution yields the maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimate of the image given the degraded observations. The result
Where the REALLY Hard Problems Are
 IN J. MYLOPOULOS AND R. REITER (EDS.), PROCEEDINGS OF 12TH INTERNATIONAL JOINT CONFERENCE ON AI (IJCAI91),VOLUME 1
, 1991
"... It is well known that for many NPcomplete problems, such as KSat, etc., typical cases are easy to solve; so that computationally hard cases must be rare (assuming P != NP). This paper shows that NPcomplete problems can be summarized by at least one "order parameter", and that the hard p ..."
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Cited by 683 (1 self)
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problems occur at a critical value of such a parameter. This critical value separates two regions of characteristically different properties. For example, for Kcolorability, the critical value separates overconstrained from underconstrained random graphs, and it marks the value at which the probability
Multipoint quantitativetrait linkage analysis in general pedigrees
 Am. J. Hum. Genet
, 1998
"... Multipoint linkage analysis of quantitativetrait loci (QTLs) has previously been restricted to sibships and small pedigrees. In this article, we show how variancecomponent linkage methods can be used in pedigrees of arbitrary size and complexity, and we develop a general framework for multipoint i ..."
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Cited by 567 (60 self)
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identitybydescent (IBD) probability calculations. We extend the sibpair multipoint mapping approach of Fulker et al. to general relative pairs. This multipoint IBD method uses the proportion of alleles shared identical by descent at genotyped loci to estimate IBD sharing at arbitrary points along a
Dynamic Bayesian Networks: Representation, Inference and Learning
, 2002
"... Modelling sequential data is important in many areas of science and engineering. Hidden Markov models (HMMs) and Kalman filter models (KFMs) are popular for this because they are simple and flexible. For example, HMMs have been used for speech recognition and biosequence analysis, and KFMs have bee ..."
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Cited by 770 (3 self)
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random variable. DBNs generalize KFMs by allowing arbitrary probability distributions, not just (unimodal) linearGaussian. In this thesis, I will discuss how to represent many different kinds of models as DBNs, how to perform exact and approximate inference in DBNs, and how to learn DBN models from
Brain magnetic resonance imaging with contrast dependent on blood oxygenation.
 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
, 1990
"... ABSTRACT Paramagnetic deoxyhemoglobin in venous blood is a naturally occurring contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). By accentuating the effects of this agent through the use of gradientecho techniques in high fields, we demonstrate in vivo images of brain microvasculature with imag ..."
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Cited by 648 (1 self)
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be used to provide in vivo realtime maps of blood oxygenation in the brain under normal physiological conditions. BOLD contrast adds an additional feature to magnetic resonance imaging and complements other techniques that are attempting to provide positron emission tomographylike measurements related
Results 1  10
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