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99,813
Understanding Social Preferences with Simple Tests
, 2001
"... Departures from selfinterest in economic experiments have recently inspired models of “social preferences”. We design a range of simple experimental games that test these theories more directly than existing experiments. Our experiments show that subjects are more concerned with increasing social w ..."
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Cited by 883 (41 self)
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Departures from selfinterest in economic experiments have recently inspired models of “social preferences”. We design a range of simple experimental games that test these theories more directly than existing experiments. Our experiments show that subjects are more concerned with increasing social
Experimental Estimates of Education Production Functions
 Princeton University, Industrial Relations Section Working Paper No. 379
, 1997
"... This paper analyzes data on 11,600 students and their teachers who were randomly assigned to different size classes from kindergarten through third grade. Statistical methods are used to adjust for nonrandom attrition and transitions between classes. The main conclusions are (1) on average, performa ..."
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Cited by 529 (19 self)
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, performance on standardized tests increases by four percentile points the �rst year students attend small classes; (2) the test score advantage of students in small classes expands by about one percentile point per year in subsequent years; (3) teacher aides and measured teacher characteristics have little
Motivation through the Design of Work: Test of a Theory. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance,
, 1976
"... A model is proposed that specifies the conditions under which individuals will become internally motivated to perform effectively on their jobs. The model focuses on the interaction among three classes of variables: (a) the psychological states of employees that must be present for internally motiv ..."
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Cited by 622 (2 self)
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. At the least, this increases the difficulty of testing the theory in ongoing organizations. It also limits the degree to which the theory can be used to diagnose jobs prior to planned change, or to evaluate the effects of work redesign activities after changes have been carried out. Activation theory. While
Estimation and Inference in Econometrics
, 1993
"... The astonishing increase in computer performance over the past two decades has made it possible for economists to base many statistical inferences on simulated, or bootstrap, distributions rather than on distributions obtained from asymptotic theory. In this paper, I review some of the basic ideas o ..."
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Cited by 1204 (4 self)
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The astonishing increase in computer performance over the past two decades has made it possible for economists to base many statistical inferences on simulated, or bootstrap, distributions rather than on distributions obtained from asymptotic theory. In this paper, I review some of the basic ideas
A direct approach to false discovery rates
, 2002
"... Summary. Multiplehypothesis testing involves guarding against much more complicated errors than singlehypothesis testing. Whereas we typically control the type I error rate for a singlehypothesis test, a compound error rate is controlled for multiplehypothesis tests. For example, controlling the ..."
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Cited by 775 (14 self)
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Summary. Multiplehypothesis testing involves guarding against much more complicated errors than singlehypothesis testing. Whereas we typically control the type I error rate for a singlehypothesis test, a compound error rate is controlled for multiplehypothesis tests. For example, controlling
Using Maimonides’ Rule to Estimate the Effect of Class Size on Scholastic Achievement
 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS
, 1999
"... The twelfth century rabbinic scholar Maimonides proposed a maximum class size of 40. This same maximum induces a nonlinear and nonmonotonic relationship between grade enrollment and class size in Israeli public schools today. Maimonides’ rule of 40 is used here to construct instrumental variables e ..."
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Cited by 582 (40 self)
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estimates of effects of class size on test scores. The resulting identification strategy can be viewed as an application of Donald Campbell’s regressiondiscontinuity design to the classsize question. The estimates show that reducing class size induces a significant and substantial increase in test scores
Boosting the margin: A new explanation for the effectiveness of voting methods
 IN PROCEEDINGS INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MACHINE LEARNING
, 1997
"... One of the surprising recurring phenomena observed in experiments with boosting is that the test error of the generated classifier usually does not increase as its size becomes very large, and often is observed to decrease even after the training error reaches zero. In this paper, we show that this ..."
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Cited by 897 (52 self)
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One of the surprising recurring phenomena observed in experiments with boosting is that the test error of the generated classifier usually does not increase as its size becomes very large, and often is observed to decrease even after the training error reaches zero. In this paper, we show
The use of the area under the ROC curve in the evaluation of machine learning algorithms
 PATTERN RECOGNITION
, 1997
"... In this paper we investigate the use of the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) as a performance measure for machine learning algorithms. As a case study we evaluate six machine learning algorithms (C4.5, Multiscale Classifier, Perceptron, Multilayer Perceptron, kNe ..."
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Cited by 685 (3 self)
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sensitivity in Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) tests; a standard error that decreased as both AUC and the number of test samples increased; decision threshold independent; and it is invariant to a priori class probabilities. The paper concludes with the recommendation that AUC be used in preference to overall
Performance Pay and Productivity
 AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW
, 2000
"... Much of the theory in personnel economics relates to effects of monetary incentives on output, but the theory was untested because appropriate data were unavailable. A new data set for the Safelite Glass Corporation tests the predictions that average productivity will rise, the firm will attract a m ..."
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Cited by 508 (9 self)
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Much of the theory in personnel economics relates to effects of monetary incentives on output, but the theory was untested because appropriate data were unavailable. A new data set for the Safelite Glass Corporation tests the predictions that average productivity will rise, the firm will attract a
A Practical Guide to Wavelet Analysis
, 1998
"... A practical stepbystep guide to wavelet analysis is given, with examples taken from time series of the El Nio Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The guide includes a comparison to the windowed Fourier transform, the choice of an appropriate wavelet basis function, edge effects due to finitelength t ..."
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Cited by 869 (3 self)
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length time series, and the relationship between wavelet scale and Fourier frequency. New statistical significance tests for wavelet power spectra are developed by deriving theoretical wavelet spectra for white and red noise processes and using these to establish significance levels and confidence
Results 1  10
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99,813