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925,643
Markov Random Field Models in Computer Vision
, 1994
"... . A variety of computer vision problems can be optimally posed as Bayesian labeling in which the solution of a problem is defined as the maximum a posteriori (MAP) probability estimate of the true labeling. The posterior probability is usually derived from a prior model and a likelihood model. The l ..."
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Cited by 510 (18 self)
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in low and high level computer vision. The unification is made possible due to a recent advance in MRF modeling for high level object recognition. Such unification provides a systematic approach for vision modeling based on sound mathematical principles. 1 Introduction Since its beginning in early 1960
Understanding Normal and Impaired Word Reading: Computational Principles in QuasiRegular Domains
 PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
, 1996
"... We develop a connectionist approach to processing in quasiregular domains, as exemplified by English word reading. A consideration of the shortcomings of a previous implementation (Seidenberg & McClelland, 1989, Psych. Rev.) in reading nonwords leads to the development of orthographic and phono ..."
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Cited by 589 (94 self)
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to read pronounceable nonwords as well as skilled readers. A mathematical analysis of the effects of word frequency and spellingsound consistency in a related but simpler system serves to clarify the close relationship of these factors in influencing naming latencies. These insights are verified
Toward Principles for the Design of Ontologies Used for Knowledge Sharing
 IN FORMAL ONTOLOGY IN CONCEPTUAL ANALYSIS AND KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION, KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBLISHERS, IN PRESS. SUBSTANTIAL REVISION OF PAPER PRESENTED AT THE INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON FORMAL ONTOLOGY
, 1993
"... Recent work in Artificial Intelligence is exploring the use of formal ontologies as a way of specifying contentspecific agreements for the sharing and reuse of knowledge among software entities. We take an engineering perspective on the development of such ontologies. Formal ontologies are viewed a ..."
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Cited by 1964 (3 self)
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are applied in case studies from the design of ontologies for engineering mathematics and bibliographic data. Selected design decisions are discussed, and alternative representation choices and evaluated against the design criteria.
Option Pricing: A Simplified Approach
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 1979
"... This paper presents a simple discretetime model for valumg optlons. The fundamental econonuc principles of option pricing by arbitrage methods are particularly clear In this setting. Its development requires only elementary mathematics, yet it contains as a special limiting case the celebrated Blac ..."
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Cited by 985 (10 self)
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This paper presents a simple discretetime model for valumg optlons. The fundamental econonuc principles of option pricing by arbitrage methods are particularly clear In this setting. Its development requires only elementary mathematics, yet it contains as a special limiting case the celebrated
Compressive sampling
, 2006
"... Conventional wisdom and common practice in acquisition and reconstruction of images from frequency data follow the basic principle of the Nyquist density sampling theory. This principle states that to reconstruct an image, the number of Fourier samples we need to acquire must match the desired res ..."
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Cited by 1414 (15 self)
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Conventional wisdom and common practice in acquisition and reconstruction of images from frequency data follow the basic principle of the Nyquist density sampling theory. This principle states that to reconstruct an image, the number of Fourier samples we need to acquire must match the desired
Genetic Programming
, 1997
"... Introduction Genetic programming is a domainindependent problemsolving approach in which computer programs are evolved to solve, or approximately solve, problems. Genetic programming is based on the Darwinian principle of reproduction and survival of the fittest and analogs of naturally occurring ..."
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Cited by 1046 (12 self)
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Introduction Genetic programming is a domainindependent problemsolving approach in which computer programs are evolved to solve, or approximately solve, problems. Genetic programming is based on the Darwinian principle of reproduction and survival of the fittest and analogs of naturally occurring
The LargeScale Organization of Metabolic Networks
, 2000
"... In a cell or microorganism the processes that generate mass, energy, information transfer, and cell fate specification are seamlessly integrated through a complex network of various cellular constituents and reactions. However, despite the key role these networks play in sustaining various cellular ..."
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Cited by 595 (7 self)
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functions, their largescale structure is essentially unknown. Here we present the first systematic comparative mathematical analysis of the metabolic networks of 43 organisms representing all three domains of life. We show that, despite significant variances in their individual constituents and pathways
The information bottleneck method
, 1999
"... We define the relevant information in a signal x ∈ X as being the information that this signal provides about another signal y ∈ Y. Examples include the information that face images provide about the names of the people portrayed, or the information that speech sounds provide about the words spoken. ..."
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Cited by 536 (35 self)
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We define the relevant information in a signal x ∈ X as being the information that this signal provides about another signal y ∈ Y. Examples include the information that face images provide about the names of the people portrayed, or the information that speech sounds provide about the words spoken
Convex Analysis
, 1970
"... In this book we aim to present, in a unified framework, a broad spectrum of mathematical theory that has grown in connection with the study of problems of optimization, equilibrium, control, and stability of linear and nonlinear systems. The title Variational Analysis reflects this breadth. For a lo ..."
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Cited by 5274 (67 self)
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In this book we aim to present, in a unified framework, a broad spectrum of mathematical theory that has grown in connection with the study of problems of optimization, equilibrium, control, and stability of linear and nonlinear systems. The title Variational Analysis reflects this breadth. For a
Intelligent agents: Theory and practice
 The Knowledge Engineering Review
, 1995
"... The concept of an agent has become important in both Artificial Intelligence (AI) and mainstream computer science. Our aim in this paper is to point the reader at what we perceive to be the most important theoretical and practical issues associated with the design and construction of intelligent age ..."
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Cited by 1427 (85 self)
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agents. For convenience, we divide these issues into three areas (though as the reader will see, the divisions are at times somewhat arbitrary). Agent theory is concerned with the question of what an agent is, and the use of mathematical formalisms for representing and reasoning about the properties
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925,643