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4,280,852
GPSless Low Cost Outdoor Localization For Very Small Devices
, 2000
"... Instrumenting the physical world through large networks of wireless sensor nodes, particularly for applications like environmental monitoring of water and soil, requires that these nodes be very small, light, untethered and unobtrusive. The problem of localization, i.e., determining where a given no ..."
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Cited by 994 (29 self)
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Instrumenting the physical world through large networks of wireless sensor nodes, particularly for applications like environmental monitoring of water and soil, requires that these nodes be very small, light, untethered and unobtrusive. The problem of localization, i.e., determining where a given
Improving DirectMapped Cache Performance by the Addition of a Small FullyAssociative Cache and Prefetch Buffers
, 1990
"... ..."
A Fast Quantum Mechanical Algorithm for Database Search
 ANNUAL ACM SYMPOSIUM ON THEORY OF COMPUTING
, 1996
"... Imagine a phone directory containing N names arranged in completely random order. In order to find someone's phone number with a probability of , any classical algorithm (whether deterministic or probabilistic)
will need to look at a minimum of names. Quantum mechanical systems can be in a supe ..."
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Cited by 1126 (10 self)
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superposition of states and simultaneously examine multiple names. By properly adjusting the phases of various operations, successful computations reinforce each other while others interfere randomly. As a result, the desired phone number can be obtained in only steps. The algorithm is within a small constant
Centrality in social networks conceptual clarification
 Social Networks
, 1978
"... The intuitive background for measures of structural centrality in social networks is reviewed aPzd existing measures are evaluated in terms of their consistency with intuitions and their interpretability. Three distinct intuitive conceptions of centrality are uncovered and existing measures are refi ..."
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Cited by 1035 (2 self)
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of small groups is examined. The problem of centrality The idea of centrality as applied to human communication was introduced by Bavelas in 1948. He was specifically concerned with communication in small groups and he hypothesized a relationship between structural centrality and influence in group
Fast Folding and Comparison of RNA Secondary Structures (The Vienna RNA Package)
"... Computer codes for computation and comparison of RNA secondary structures, the Vienna RNA package, are presented, that are based on dynamic programming algorithms and aim at predictions of structures with minimum free energies as well as at computations of the equilibrium partition functions and bas ..."
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Cited by 812 (119 self)
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and base pairing probabilities. An efficient heuristic for the inverse folding problem of RNA is introduced. In addition we present compact and efficient programs for the comparison of RNA secondary structures based on tree editing and alignment. All computer codes are written in ANSI C. They include
A Critical Point For Random Graphs With A Given Degree Sequence
, 2000
"... Given a sequence of nonnegative real numbers 0 ; 1 ; : : : which sum to 1, we consider random graphs having approximately i n vertices of degree i. Essentially, we show that if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ? 0 then such graphs almost surely have a giant component, while if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ! 0 the ..."
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Cited by 511 (8 self)
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Given a sequence of nonnegative real numbers 0 ; 1 ; : : : which sum to 1, we consider random graphs having approximately i n vertices of degree i. Essentially, we show that if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ? 0 then such graphs almost surely have a giant component, while if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ! 0
Determining the Number of Factors in Approximate Factor Models
, 2000
"... In this paper we develop some statistical theory for factor models of large dimensions. The focus is the determination of the number of factors, which is an unresolved issue in the rapidly growing literature on multifactor models. We propose a panel Cp criterion and show that the number of factors c ..."
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Cited by 538 (29 self)
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of the number of factors for configurations of the panel data encountered in practice. The idea that variations in a large number of economic variables can be modelled bya small number of reference variables is appealing and is used in manyeconomic analysis. In the finance literature, the arbitrage pricing
Hierarchies from Fluxes in String Compactifications
, 2002
"... Warped compactifications with significant warping provide one of the few known mechanisms for naturally generating large hierarchies of physical scales. We demonstrate that this mechanism is realizable in string theory, and give examples involving orientifold compactifications of IIB string theory a ..."
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Cited by 724 (33 self)
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and Ftheory compactifications on CalabiYau fourfolds. In each case, the hierarchy of scales is fixed by a choice of RR and NS fluxes in the compact manifold. Our solutions involve compactifications of the KlebanovStrassler gravity dual to a confining N = 1 supersymmetric gauge theory
Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Direct Foreign Investment? Evidence from Venezuela
 AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW
, 1999
"... Governments often promote inward foreign investment to encourage technology “spillovers” from foreign to domestic firms. Using panel data on Venezuelan plants, we find that foreign equity participation is positively correlated with plant productivity (the “ownplant” effect), but this relationship ..."
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Cited by 727 (6 self)
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is only robust for small enterprises. We then test for spillovers from joint ventures to plants with no foreign investment. Foreign investment negatively affects the productivity of domestically owned plants. The net impact of foreign investment, taking into account these two offsetting effects, is quite
Hierarchically Classifying Documents Using Very Few Words
, 1997
"... The proliferation of topic hierarchies for text documents has resulted in a need for tools that automatically classify new documents within such hierarchies. Existing classification schemes which ignore the hierarchical structure and treat the topics as separate classes are often inadequate in text ..."
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Cited by 521 (8 self)
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tree. As we show, each of these smaller problems can be solved accurately by focusing only on a very small set of features, those relevant to the task at hand. This set of relevant features varies widely throughout the hierarchy, so that, while the overall relevant feature set may be large, each
Results 1  10
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