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4,615,877
A classification and comparison framework for software architecture description languages
 IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering
, 2000
"... Software architectures shift the focus of developers from linesofcode to coarsergrained architectural elements and their overall interconnection structure. Architecture description languages (ADLs) have been proposed as modeling notations to support architecturebased development. There is, howev ..."
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Cited by 840 (59 self)
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, however, little consensus in the research community on what is an ADL, what aspects of an architecture should be modeled in an ADL, and which of several possible ADLs is best suited for a particular problem. Furthermore, the distinction is rarely made between ADLs on one hand and formal specification
UCPOP: A Sound, Complete, Partial Order Planner for ADL
, 1992
"... We describe the ucpop partial order planning algorithm which handles a subset of Pednault's ADL action representation. In particular, ucpop operates with actions that have conditional effects, universally quantified preconditions and effects, and with universally quantified goals. We prove ucpo ..."
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Cited by 491 (24 self)
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We describe the ucpop partial order planning algorithm which handles a subset of Pednault's ADL action representation. In particular, ucpop operates with actions that have conditional effects, universally quantified preconditions and effects, and with universally quantified goals. We prove
Graphs over Time: Densification Laws, Shrinking Diameters and Possible Explanations
, 2005
"... How do real graphs evolve over time? What are “normal” growth patterns in social, technological, and information networks? Many studies have discovered patterns in static graphs, identifying properties in a single snapshot of a large network, or in a very small number of snapshots; these include hea ..."
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Cited by 534 (48 self)
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How do real graphs evolve over time? What are “normal” growth patterns in social, technological, and information networks? Many studies have discovered patterns in static graphs, identifying properties in a single snapshot of a large network, or in a very small number of snapshots; these include heavy tails for in and outdegree distributions, communities, smallworld phenomena, and others. However, given the lack of information about network evolution over long periods, it has been hard to convert these findings into statements about trends over time. Here we study a wide range of real graphs, and we observe some surprising phenomena. First, most of these graphs densify over time, with the number of edges growing superlinearly in the number of nodes. Second, the average distance between nodes often shrinks over time, in contrast to the conventional wisdom that such distance parameters should increase slowly as a function of the number of nodes (like O(log n) orO(log(log n)). Existing graph generation models do not exhibit these types of behavior, even at a qualitative level. We provide a new graph generator, based on a “forest fire” spreading process, that has a simple, intuitive justification, requires very few parameters (like the “flammability” of nodes), and produces graphs exhibiting the full range of properties observed both in prior work and in the present study.
Toward the next generation of recommender systems: A survey of the stateoftheart and possible extensions
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON KNOWLEDGE AND DATA ENGINEERING
, 2005
"... This paper presents an overview of the field of recommender systems and describes the current generation of recommendation methods that are usually classified into the following three main categories: contentbased, collaborative, and hybrid recommendation approaches. This paper also describes vario ..."
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Cited by 1420 (21 self)
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various limitations of current recommendation methods and discusses possible extensions that can improve recommendation capabilities and make recommender systems applicable to an even broader range of applications. These extensions include, among others, an improvement of understanding of users and items
Qualitative Simulation
 Artificial Intelligence
, 2001
"... Qualitative simulation predicts the set of possible behaviors... ..."
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Cited by 513 (31 self)
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Qualitative simulation predicts the set of possible behaviors...
Sorting networks and their applications
, 1968
"... To achieve high throughput rates today's computers perform several operations simultaneously. Not only are I/O operations performed concurrently with computing, but also, in multiprocessors, several computing ..."
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Cited by 660 (0 self)
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To achieve high throughput rates today's computers perform several operations simultaneously. Not only are I/O operations performed concurrently with computing, but also, in multiprocessors, several computing
Estimation and Inference in Econometrics
, 1993
"... The astonishing increase in computer performance over the past two decades has made it possible for economists to base many statistical inferences on simulated, or bootstrap, distributions rather than on distributions obtained from asymptotic theory. In this paper, I review some of the basic ideas o ..."
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Cited by 1151 (3 self)
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The astonishing increase in computer performance over the past two decades has made it possible for economists to base many statistical inferences on simulated, or bootstrap, distributions rather than on distributions obtained from asymptotic theory. In this paper, I review some of the basic ideas
Worstcase equilibria
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF THE 16TH ANNUAL SYMPOSIUM ON THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1999
"... In a system in which noncooperative agents share a common resource, we propose the ratio between the worst possible Nash equilibrium and the social optimum as a measure of the effectiveness of the system. Deriving upper and lower bounds for this ratio in a model in which several agents share a ver ..."
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Cited by 851 (17 self)
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In a system in which noncooperative agents share a common resource, we propose the ratio between the worst possible Nash equilibrium and the social optimum as a measure of the effectiveness of the system. Deriving upper and lower bounds for this ratio in a model in which several agents share a
A theory of communicating sequential processes
, 1984
"... A mathematical model for communicating sequential processes is given, and a number of its interesting and useful properties are stated and proved. The possibilities of nondetermimsm are fully taken into account. ..."
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Cited by 4135 (17 self)
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A mathematical model for communicating sequential processes is given, and a number of its interesting and useful properties are stated and proved. The possibilities of nondetermimsm are fully taken into account.
Finding community structure in networks using the eigenvectors of matrices
, 2006
"... We consider the problem of detecting communities or modules in networks, groups of vertices with a higherthanaverage density of edges connecting them. Previous work indicates that a robust approach to this problem is the maximization of the benefit function known as “modularity ” over possible div ..."
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Cited by 500 (0 self)
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number of possible algorithms for detecting community structure, as well as several other results, including a spectral measure of bipartite structure in networks and a new centrality measure that identifies those vertices that occupy central positions within the communities to which they belong
Results 1  10
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4,615,877