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A SEMIDISCRETE APPROXIMATION SCHEME FOR NEUTRAL DELAYDIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
"... Abstract. We consider an approximation scheme for systems of linear delaydifferential equations of neutral type. The finite dimensional approximating systems are constructed with basis functions defined using linear splines, extending to neutral equations a scheme which had previously been defined ..."
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only for retarded equations. A TrotterKato semigroup convergence result is proved, and numerical results are given to illustrate the qualitative behavior of the scheme. Key words. neutral delay equation, semidiscrete approximation, semigroup theory 1.
Approximate Riemann Solvers, Parameter Vectors, and Difference Schemes
 J. COMP. PHYS
, 1981
"... Several numerical schemes for the solution of hyperbolic conservation laws are based on exploiting the information obtained by considering a sequence of Riemann problems. It is argued that in existing schemes much of this information is degraded, and that only certain features of the exact solution ..."
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Cited by 959 (2 self)
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Several numerical schemes for the solution of hyperbolic conservation laws are based on exploiting the information obtained by considering a sequence of Riemann problems. It is argued that in existing schemes much of this information is degraded, and that only certain features of the exact solution
Proof verification and hardness of approximation problems
 IN PROC. 33RD ANN. IEEE SYMP. ON FOUND. OF COMP. SCI
, 1992
"... We show that every language in NP has a probablistic verifier that checks membership proofs for it using logarithmic number of random bits and by examining a constant number of bits in the proof. If a string is in the language, then there exists a proof such that the verifier accepts with probabilit ..."
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Cited by 822 (39 self)
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in the proof (though this number is a very slowly growing function of the input length). As a consequence we prove that no MAX SNPhard problem has a polynomial time approximation scheme, unless NP=P. The class MAX SNP was defined by Papadimitriou and Yannakakis [82] and hard problems for this class include
The space complexity of approximating the frequency moments
 JOURNAL OF COMPUTER AND SYSTEM SCIENCES
, 1996
"... The frequency moments of a sequence containing mi elements of type i, for 1 ≤ i ≤ n, are the numbers Fk = �n i=1 mki. We consider the space complexity of randomized algorithms that approximate the numbers Fk, when the elements of the sequence are given one by one and cannot be stored. Surprisingly, ..."
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Cited by 855 (12 self)
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The frequency moments of a sequence containing mi elements of type i, for 1 ≤ i ≤ n, are the numbers Fk = �n i=1 mki. We consider the space complexity of randomized algorithms that approximate the numbers Fk, when the elements of the sequence are given one by one and cannot be stored. Surprisingly
Loopy Belief Propagation for Approximate Inference: An Empirical Study
 In Proceedings of Uncertainty in AI
, 1999
"... Recently, researchers have demonstrated that "loopy belief propagation"  the use of Pearl's polytree algorithm in a Bayesian network with loops  can perform well in the context of errorcorrecting codes. The most dramatic instance of this is the near Shannonlimit performa ..."
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Cited by 680 (18 self)
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limit performance of "Turbo Codes"  codes whose decoding algorithm is equivalent to loopy belief propagation in a chainstructured Bayesian network. In this paper we ask: is there something special about the errorcorrecting code context, or does loopy propagation work as an approximate
Random key predistribution schemes for sensor networks
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2003 IEEE SYMPOSIUM ON SECURITY AND PRIVACY
, 2003
"... Key establishment in sensor networks is a challenging problem because asymmetric key cryptosystems are unsuitable for use in resource constrained sensor nodes, and also because the nodes could be physically compromised by an adversary. We present three new mechanisms for key establishment using the ..."
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Cited by 813 (14 self)
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the framework of predistributing a random set of keys to each node. First, in the qcomposite keys scheme, we trade off the unlikeliness of a largescale network attack in order to significantly strengthen random key predistribution’s strength against smallerscale attacks. Second, in the multipath
The Lifting Scheme: A Construction Of Second Generation Wavelets
, 1997
"... . We present the lifting scheme, a simple construction of second generation wavelets, wavelets that are not necessarily translates and dilates of one fixed function. Such wavelets can be adapted to intervals, domains, surfaces, weights, and irregular samples. We show how the lifting scheme leads to ..."
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Cited by 541 (16 self)
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. We present the lifting scheme, a simple construction of second generation wavelets, wavelets that are not necessarily translates and dilates of one fixed function. Such wavelets can be adapted to intervals, domains, surfaces, weights, and irregular samples. We show how the lifting scheme leads
A KeyManagement Scheme for Distributed Sensor Networks
 In Proceedings of the 9th ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security
, 2002
"... Distributed Sensor Networks (DSNs) are adhoc mobile networks that include sensor nodes with limited computation and communication capabilities. DSNs are dynamic in the sense that they allow addition and deletion of sensor nodes after deployment to grow the network or replace failing and unreliable ..."
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Cited by 901 (11 self)
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keymanagement scheme designed to satisfy both operational and security requirements of DSNs.
A Guided Tour to Approximate String Matching
 ACM COMPUTING SURVEYS
, 1999
"... We survey the current techniques to cope with the problem of string matching allowing errors. This is becoming a more and more relevant issue for many fast growing areas such as information retrieval and computational biology. We focus on online searching and mostly on edit distance, explaining t ..."
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Cited by 584 (38 self)
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We survey the current techniques to cope with the problem of string matching allowing errors. This is becoming a more and more relevant issue for many fast growing areas such as information retrieval and computational biology. We focus on online searching and mostly on edit distance, explaining the problem and its relevance, its statistical behavior, its history and current developments, and the central ideas of the algorithms and their complexities. We present a number of experiments to compare the performance of the different algorithms and show which are the best choices according to each case. We conclude with some future work directions and open problems.
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