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35,186
On Spectral Clustering: Analysis and an algorithm
 ADVANCES IN NEURAL INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEMS
, 2001
"... Despite many empirical successes of spectral clustering methods  algorithms that cluster points using eigenvectors of matrices derived from the distances between the points  there are several unresolved issues. First, there is a wide variety of algorithms that use the eigenvectors in slightly ..."
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Cited by 1713 (13 self)
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in slightly different ways. Second, many of these algorithms have no proof that they will actually compute a reasonable clustering. In this paper, we present a simple spectral clustering algorithm that can be implemented using a few lines of Matlab. Using tools from matrix perturbation theory, we analyze
Randomized Gossip Algorithms
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 2006
"... Motivated by applications to sensor, peertopeer, and ad hoc networks, we study distributed algorithms, also known as gossip algorithms, for exchanging information and for computing in an arbitrarily connected network of nodes. The topology of such networks changes continuously as new nodes join a ..."
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Cited by 532 (5 self)
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distribute the computational burden and in which a node communicates with a randomly chosen neighbor. We analyze the averaging problem under the gossip constraint for an arbitrary network graph, and find that the averaging time of a gossip algorithm depends on the second largest eigenvalue of a doubly
Inverse Acoustic and Electromagnetic Scattering Theory, Second Edition
, 1998
"... Abstract. This paper is a survey of the inverse scattering problem for timeharmonic acoustic and electromagnetic waves at fixed frequency. We begin by a discussion of “weak scattering ” and Newtontype methods for solving the inverse scattering problem for acoustic waves, including a brief discussi ..."
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Cited by 1061 (45 self)
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discussion is a description of Kirsch’s factorization method for solving this problem. We then turn our attention to uniqueness and reconstruction algorithms for determining the support of an inhomogeneous, anisotropic media from acoustic far field data. Our survey is concluded by a brief discussion
An Efficient Boosting Algorithm for Combining Preferences
, 1999
"... The problem of combining preferences arises in several applications, such as combining the results of different search engines. This work describes an efficient algorithm for combining multiple preferences. We first give a formal framework for the problem. We then describe and analyze a new boosting ..."
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Cited by 727 (18 self)
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The problem of combining preferences arises in several applications, such as combining the results of different search engines. This work describes an efficient algorithm for combining multiple preferences. We first give a formal framework for the problem. We then describe and analyze a new
Ant algorithms for discrete optimization
 ARTIFICIAL LIFE
, 1999
"... This article presents an overview of recent work on ant algorithms, that is, algorithms for discrete optimization that took inspiration from the observation of ant colonies’ foraging behavior, and introduces the ant colony optimization (ACO) metaheuristic. In the first part of the article the basic ..."
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Cited by 489 (42 self)
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biological findings on real ants are reviewed and their artificial counterparts as well as the ACO metaheuristic are defined. In the second part of the article a number of applications of ACO algorithms to combinatorial optimization and routing in communications networks are described. We conclude with a
Analysis of Recommendation Algorithms for ECommerce
, 2000
"... Recommender systems apply statistical and knowledge discovery techniques to the problem of making product recommendations during a live customer interaction and they are achieving widespread success in ECommerce nowadays. In this paper, we investigate several techniques for analyzing largescale pu ..."
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Cited by 523 (22 self)
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scale purchase and preference data for the purpose of producing useful recommendations to customers. In particular, we apply a collection of algorithms such as traditional data mining, nearestneighbor collaborative ltering, and dimensionality reduction on two dierent data sets. The rst data set was derived from
Experiments with a New Boosting Algorithm
, 1996
"... In an earlier paper, we introduced a new “boosting” algorithm called AdaBoost which, theoretically, can be used to significantly reduce the error of any learning algorithm that consistently generates classifiers whose performance is a little better than random guessing. We also introduced the relate ..."
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Cited by 2213 (20 self)
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In an earlier paper, we introduced a new “boosting” algorithm called AdaBoost which, theoretically, can be used to significantly reduce the error of any learning algorithm that consistently generates classifiers whose performance is a little better than random guessing. We also introduced
A learning algorithm for Boltzmann machines
 Cognitive Science
, 1985
"... The computotionol power of massively parallel networks of simple processing elements resides in the communication bandwidth provided by the hardware connections between elements. These connections con allow a significant fraction of the knowledge of the system to be applied to an instance of a probl ..."
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Cited by 584 (13 self)
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. Second, there must be some way of choosing internal representations which allow the preexisting hardware connections to be used efficiently for encoding the constraints in the domain being searched. We describe a generol parallel search method, based on statistical mechanics, and we show how it leads
Nonlinear total variation based noise removal algorithms
, 1992
"... A constrained optimization type of numerical algorithm for removing noise from images is presented. The total variation of the image is minimized subject to constraints involving the statistics of the noise. The constraints are imposed using Lagrange multipliers. The solution is obtained using the g ..."
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Cited by 2271 (51 self)
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A constrained optimization type of numerical algorithm for removing noise from images is presented. The total variation of the image is minimized subject to constraints involving the statistics of the noise. The constraints are imposed using Lagrange multipliers. The solution is obtained using
A Singular Value Thresholding Algorithm for Matrix Completion
, 2008
"... This paper introduces a novel algorithm to approximate the matrix with minimum nuclear norm among all matrices obeying a set of convex constraints. This problem may be understood as the convex relaxation of a rank minimization problem, and arises in many important applications as in the task of reco ..."
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Cited by 555 (22 self)
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remarkable features making this attractive for lowrank matrix completion problems. The first is that the softthresholding operation is applied to a sparse matrix; the second is that the rank of the iterates {X k} is empirically nondecreasing. Both these facts allow the algorithm to make use of very minimal
Results 1  10
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35,186