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77,533
Inducing Features of Random Fields
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 1997
"... We present a technique for constructing random fields from a set of training samples. The learning paradigm builds increasingly complex fields by allowing potential functions, or features, that are supported by increasingly large subgraphs. Each feature has a weight that is trained by minimizing the ..."
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Cited by 670 (10 self)
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introduced in this paper differ from those common to much of the computer vision literature in that the underlying random fields are nonMarkovian and have a large number of parameters that must be estimated. Relations to other learning approaches, including decision trees, are given. As a demonstration
Relations and their basic properties
 Journal of Formalized Mathematics
, 1989
"... Summary. We define here: mode Relation as a set of pairs, the domain, the codomain, and the field of relation; the empty and the identity relations, the composition of relations, the image and the inverse image of a set under a relation. Two predicates, = and ⊆, and three functions, ∪, ∩ and \ are ..."
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Cited by 1060 (6 self)
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Summary. We define here: mode Relation as a set of pairs, the domain, the codomain, and the field of relation; the empty and the identity relations, the composition of relations, the image and the inverse image of a set under a relation. Two predicates, = and ⊆, and three functions
Relations defined on sets
 Journal of Formalized Mathematics
, 1989
"... Summary. The article includes theorems concerning properties of relations defined as a subset of the Cartesian product of two sets (mode Relation of X,Y where X,Y are sets). Some notions, introduced in [4] such as domain, codomain, field of a relation, composition of relations, image and inverse ima ..."
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Cited by 510 (0 self)
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Summary. The article includes theorems concerning properties of relations defined as a subset of the Cartesian product of two sets (mode Relation of X,Y where X,Y are sets). Some notions, introduced in [4] such as domain, codomain, field of a relation, composition of relations, image and inverse
Large N field theories, string theory and gravity
, 2001
"... We review the holographic correspondence between field theories and string/M theory, focusing on the relation between compactifications of string/M theory on Antide Sitter spaces and conformal field theories. We review the background for this correspondence and discuss its motivations and the evide ..."
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Cited by 1443 (45 self)
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We review the holographic correspondence between field theories and string/M theory, focusing on the relation between compactifications of string/M theory on Antide Sitter spaces and conformal field theories. We review the background for this correspondence and discuss its motivations
Markov Random Field Models in Computer Vision
, 1994
"... . A variety of computer vision problems can be optimally posed as Bayesian labeling in which the solution of a problem is defined as the maximum a posteriori (MAP) probability estimate of the true labeling. The posterior probability is usually derived from a prior model and a likelihood model. The l ..."
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Cited by 516 (18 self)
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. The latter relates to how data is observed and is problem domain dependent. The former depends on how various prior constraints are expressed. Markov Random Field Models (MRF) theory is a tool to encode contextual constraints into the prior probability. This paper presents a unified approach for MRF modeling
The theory and practice of corporate finance: Evidence from the field
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 2001
"... We survey 392 CFOs about the cost of capital, capital budgeting, and capital structure. Large firms rely heavily on present value techniques and the capital asset pricing model, while small firms are relatively likely to use the payback criterion. We find that a surprising number of firms use their ..."
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Cited by 725 (23 self)
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We survey 392 CFOs about the cost of capital, capital budgeting, and capital structure. Large firms rely heavily on present value techniques and the capital asset pricing model, while small firms are relatively likely to use the payback criterion. We find that a surprising number of firms use
Superconformal field theory on threebranes at a CalabiYau singularity
 Nucl. Phys. B
, 1998
"... Just as parallel threebranes on a smooth manifold are related to string theory on AdS5 × S 5, parallel threebranes near a conical singularity are related to string theory on AdS5 × X5, for a suitable X5. For the example of the conifold singularity, for which X5 = (SU(2) × SU(2))/U(1), we argue that ..."
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Cited by 677 (36 self)
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Just as parallel threebranes on a smooth manifold are related to string theory on AdS5 × S 5, parallel threebranes near a conical singularity are related to string theory on AdS5 × X5, for a suitable X5. For the example of the conifold singularity, for which X5 = (SU(2) × SU(2))/U(1), we argue
ScaleSpace Theory in Computer Vision
, 1994
"... A basic problem when deriving information from measured data, such as images, originates from the fact that objects in the world, and hence image structures, exist as meaningful entities only over certain ranges of scale. "ScaleSpace Theory in Computer Vision" describes a formal theory fo ..."
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Cited by 625 (21 self)
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is illustrated by a rich set of examples.
This book is the first monograph on scalespace theory. It is intended as an introduction, reference, and inspiration for researchers, students, and system designers in computer vision as well as related fields such as image processing, photogrammetry, medical image
From Data Mining to Knowledge Discovery in Databases.
 AI Magazine,
, 1996
"... ■ Data mining and knowledge discovery in databases have been attracting a significant amount of research, industry, and media attention of late. What is all the excitement about? This article provides an overview of this emerging field, clarifying how data mining and knowledge discovery in database ..."
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Cited by 538 (0 self)
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in databases are related both to each other and to related fields, such as machine learning, statistics, and databases. The article mentions particular realworld applications, specific datamining techniques, challenges involved in realworld applications of knowledge discovery, and current and future
Image retrieval: ideas, influences, and trends of the new age
 ACM COMPUTING SURVEYS
, 2008
"... We have witnessed great interest and a wealth of promise in contentbased image retrieval as an emerging technology. While the last decade laid foundation to such promise, it also paved the way for a large number of new techniques and systems, got many new people involved, and triggered stronger ass ..."
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Cited by 485 (13 self)
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association of weakly related fields. In this article, we survey almost 300 key theoretical and empirical contributions in the current decade related to image retrieval and automatic image annotation, and in the process discuss the spawning of related subfields. We also discuss significant challenges involved
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