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332,217
Fairness and Retaliation: The Economics of Reciprocity
 JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES
, 2000
"... This paper shows that reciprocity has powerful implications for many economic domains. It is an important determinant in the enforcement of contracts and social norms and enhances the possibilities of collective action greatly. Reciprocity may render the provision of explicit incentive inefficient b ..."
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Cited by 553 (12 self)
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This paper shows that reciprocity has powerful implications for many economic domains. It is an important determinant in the enforcement of contracts and social norms and enhances the possibilities of collective action greatly. Reciprocity may render the provision of explicit incentive inefficient
ERC  A Theory of Equity, Reciprocity and Competition
 FORTHCOMING AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW
, 1999
"... We demonstrate that a simple model, constructed on the premise that people are motivated by both their pecuniary payoff and their relative payoff standing, explains behavior in a wide variety of laboratory games. Included are games where equity is thought to be a factor, such as ultimatum, twoperio ..."
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Cited by 699 (21 self)
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period alternating offer, and dictator games; games where reciprocity is thought to play a role, such as the prisoner’s dilemma and the gift exchange game; and games where competitive behavior is observed, such as Bertrand and Cournot markets, and the guessing game.
Evolution of indirect reciprocity by image scoring, Nature
, 1998
"... review. Views or opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of the Institute, its National Member Organizations, or other organizations supporting the work. IIASA STUDIES IN ADAPTIVE DYNAMICS NO. 27 The Adaptive Dynamics Network at IIASA fosters the development of new mathematical ..."
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Cited by 486 (16 self)
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review. Views or opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of the Institute, its National Member Organizations, or other organizations supporting the work. IIASA STUDIES IN ADAPTIVE DYNAMICS NO. 27 The Adaptive Dynamics Network at IIASA fosters the development of new mathematical and conceptual techniques for understanding the evolution of complex adaptive systems. Focusing on these longterm implications of adaptive processes in systems of limited growth, the Adaptive Dynamics Network brings together scientists and institutions from around the world with IIASA acting as the central node. Scientific progress within the network
SMARANDACHE RECIPROCAL FUNCTION AND AN ELEMENTARY INEQUALITY
"... The Smarandache Function is defined as Sen) = k. Where k is the smallest integer such that n divides kl Let us define Seen) Smarandache Reciprocal Function as follows: Seen) = x where x + 1 does not divide n! and for every y =:;; x, yin! THEOREMI. If Seen) = x,and n::;c 3, then x + 1 is the smal ..."
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Cited by 2 (0 self)
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The Smarandache Function is defined as Sen) = k. Where k is the smallest integer such that n divides kl Let us define Seen) Smarandache Reciprocal Function as follows: Seen) = x where x + 1 does not divide n! and for every y =:;; x, yin! THEOREMI. If Seen) = x,and n::;c 3, then x + 1
A theory of sequential reciprocity
 Games and Economic Behavior
, 1998
"... Abstract: Many experimental studies indicate that people are motivated by reciprocity. Rabin (1993) develops techniques for incorporating such concerns into game theory and economics. His model, however, does not fare well when applied to situations with an interesting dynamic structure (like many e ..."
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Cited by 387 (15 self)
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Abstract: Many experimental studies indicate that people are motivated by reciprocity. Rabin (1993) develops techniques for incorporating such concerns into game theory and economics. His model, however, does not fare well when applied to situations with an interesting dynamic structure (like many
On the Smarandache reciprocal function and its mean value
 Scientia Magna
"... Abstract For any positive integer n, the Smarandache reciprocal function Sc(n) is defined as the largest positive integer m such that y  n! for all integers 1 ≤ y ≤ m, and m + 1 † n!. The main purpose of this paper is using the elementary and analytic methods to study the mean value distribution pr ..."
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Cited by 2 (0 self)
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Abstract For any positive integer n, the Smarandache reciprocal function Sc(n) is defined as the largest positive integer m such that y  n! for all integers 1 ≤ y ≤ m, and m + 1 † n!. The main purpose of this paper is using the elementary and analytic methods to study the mean value distribution
Recovering High Dynamic Range Radiance Maps from Photographs
"... We present a method of recovering high dynamic range radiance maps from photographs taken with conventional imaging equipment. In our method, multiple photographs of the scene are taken with different amounts of exposure. Our algorithm uses these differently exposed photographs to recover the respon ..."
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Cited by 856 (15 self)
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the response function of the imaging process, up to factor of scale, using the assumption of reciprocity. With the known response function, the algorithm can fuse the multiple photographs into a single, high dynamic range radiance map whose pixel values are proportional to the true radiance values in the scene
Nonparametric estimation of average treatment effects under exogeneity: a review
 REVIEW OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS
, 2004
"... Recently there has been a surge in econometric work focusing on estimating average treatment effects under various sets of assumptions. One strand of this literature has developed methods for estimating average treatment effects for a binary treatment under assumptions variously described as exogen ..."
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Cited by 597 (26 self)
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considered estimation and inference for average treatment effects under weaker assumptions than typical of the earlier literature by avoiding distributional and functionalform assumptions. Various methods of semiparametric estimation have been proposed, including estimating the unknown regression functions
Reflectance and texture of realworld surfaces
 ACM TRANS. GRAPHICS
, 1999
"... In this work, we investigate the visual appearance of realworld surfaces and the dependence of appearance on scale, viewing direction and illumination direction. At ne scale, surface variations cause local intensity variation or image texture. The appearance of this texture depends on both illumina ..."
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Cited by 586 (23 self)
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illumination and viewing direction and can be characterized by the BTF (bidirectional texture function). At su ciently coarse scale, local image texture is not resolvable and local image intensity is uniform. The dependence of this image intensity on illumination and viewing direction is described by the BRDF
Distributed hierarchical processing in the primate cerebral cortex
 Cereb Cortex
, 1991
"... In recent years, many new cortical areas have been identified in the macaque monkey. The number of identified connections between areas has increased even more dramatically. We report here on (1) a summary of the layout of cortical areas associated with vision and with other modalities, (2) a comput ..."
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Cited by 901 (6 self)
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that are predominantly or exclusively visual in function, plus an additional 7 areas that we regard as visualassociation areas on the basis of their extensive visual inputs. A total of 305 connections among these 32 visual and
Results 1  10
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