Results 11  20
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678,833
Very simple classification rules perform well on most commonly used datasets
 Machine Learning
, 1993
"... The classification rules induced by machine learning systems are judged by two criteria: their classification accuracy on an independent test set (henceforth "accuracy"), and their complexity. The relationship between these two criteria is, of course, of keen interest to the machin ..."
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Cited by 542 (5 self)
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of pruning methods (e.g. Buntine & Niblett, 1992; Clark & Niblett, 1989; Mingers, 1989), where accuracy is rarely seen to decrease as pruning becomes more severe (for example, see Table 1) 1. This is so even when rules are pruned to the extreme, as happened with the "Errcomp &
The Vocabulary Problem in HumanSystem Communication
 COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM
, 1987
"... In almost all computer applications, users must enter correct words for the desired objects or actions. For success without extensive training, or in firsttries for new targets, the system must recognize terms that will be chosen spontaneously. We studied spontaneous word choice for objects in five ..."
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Cited by 551 (8 self)
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in five applicationrelated domains, and found the variability to be surprisingly large. In every case two people favored the same term with probability <0.20. Simulations show how this fundamental property of language limits the success of various design methodologies for vocabularydriven interaction
Foundations for the Study of Software Architecture
 ACM SIGSOFT SOFTWARE ENGINEERING NOTES
, 1992
"... The purpose of this paper is to build the foundation for software architecture. We first develop an intuition for software architecture by appealing to several wellestablished architectural disciplines. On the basis of this intuition, we present a model of software architecture that consists of th ..."
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Cited by 784 (35 self)
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of three components: elements, form, and rationale. Elements are either processing, data, or connecting elements. Form is defined in terms of the properties of, and the relationships among, the elements that is, the constraints on the elements. The rationale provides the underlying basis
Good ErrorCorrecting Codes based on Very Sparse Matrices
, 1999
"... We study two families of errorcorrecting codes defined in terms of very sparse matrices. "MN" (MacKayNeal) codes are recently invented, and "Gallager codes" were first investigated in 1962, but appear to have been largely forgotten, in spite of their excellent properties. The ..."
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Cited by 741 (23 self)
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We study two families of errorcorrecting codes defined in terms of very sparse matrices. "MN" (MacKayNeal) codes are recently invented, and "Gallager codes" were first investigated in 1962, but appear to have been largely forgotten, in spite of their excellent properties
Applications Of Circumscription To Formalizing Common Sense Knowledge
 Artificial Intelligence
, 1986
"... We present a new and more symmetric version of the circumscription method of nonmonotonic reasoning first described in (McCarthy 1980) and some applications to formalizing common sense knowledge. The applications in this paper are mostly based on minimizing the abnormality of different aspects o ..."
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Cited by 536 (12 self)
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general formalism called prioritized circumscription is briefly explored. 1 INTRODUCTION ANDNEW DEFINITION OF CIRCUMSCRIPTION (McCarthy 1980) introduces the circumscription method of nonmonotonic reasoning and gives motivation, some mathematical properties and some ex1 amples of its application
A Behavioral Notion of Subtyping
 ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems
, 1994
"... The use of hierarchy is an important component of objectoriented design. Hierarchy allows the use of type families, in which higher level supertypes capture the behavior that all of their subtypes have in common. For this methodology to be effective, it is necessary to have a clear understanding of ..."
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Cited by 514 (18 self)
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of how subtypes and supertypes are related. This paper takes the position that the relationship should ensure that any property proved about supertype objects also holds for its subtype objects. It presents two ways of defining the subtype relation, each of which meets this criterion, and each of which
Regression Shrinkage and Selection Via the Lasso
 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B
, 1994
"... We propose a new method for estimation in linear models. The "lasso" minimizes the residual sum of squares subject to the sum of the absolute value of the coefficients being less than a constant. Because of the nature of this constraint it tends to produce some coefficients that are exactl ..."
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Cited by 4055 (51 self)
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that are exactly zero and hence gives interpretable models. Our simulation studies suggest that the lasso enjoys some of the favourable properties of both subset selection and ridge regression. It produces interpretable models like subset selection and exhibits the stability of ridge regression. There is also
LSQR: An Algorithm for Sparse Linear Equations and Sparse Least Squares
 ACM Trans. Math. Software
, 1982
"... An iterative method is given for solving Ax ~ffi b and minU Ax b 112, where the matrix A is large and sparse. The method is based on the bidiagonalization procedure of Golub and Kahan. It is analytically equivalent to the standard method of conjugate gradients, but possesses more favorable numerica ..."
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Cited by 649 (21 self)
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numerical properties. Reliable stopping criteria are derived, along with estimates of standard errors for x and the condition number of A. These are used in the FORTRAN implementation of the method, subroutine LSQR. Numerical tests are described comparing I~QR with several other conjugate
Bandera: Extracting Finitestate Models from Java Source Code
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF THE 22ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOFTWARE ENGINEERING
, 2000
"... Finitestate verification techniques, such as model checking, have shown promise as a costeffective means for finding defects in hardware designs. To date, the application of these techniques to software has been hindered by several obstacles. Chief among these is the problem of constructing a fini ..."
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Cited by 653 (35 self)
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be used to model check correctness properties of Java programs.
Pastry: Scalable, distributed object location and routing for largescale peertopeer systems
, 2001
"... This paper presents the design and evaluation of Pastry, a scalable, distributed object location and routing scheme for widearea peertopeer applications. Pastry provides applicationlevel routing and object location in a potentially very large overlay network of nodes connected via the Internet. ..."
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Cited by 2063 (50 self)
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and failure of nodes. Experimental results obtained with a prototype implementation on a simulated network of 100,000 nodes confirm Pastry's scalability, its ability to selfconfigure and adapt to node failures, and its good network locality properties.
Results 11  20
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678,833