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Markov Random Field Models in Computer Vision
, 1994
"... . A variety of computer vision problems can be optimally posed as Bayesian labeling in which the solution of a problem is defined as the maximum a posteriori (MAP) probability estimate of the true labeling. The posterior probability is usually derived from a prior model and a likelihood model. The l ..."
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Cited by 509 (18 self)
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. The latter relates to how data is observed and is problem domain dependent. The former depends on how various prior constraints are expressed. Markov Random Field Models (MRF) theory is a tool to encode contextual constraints into the prior probability. This paper presents a unified approach for MRF modeling
Domain names  Implementation and Specification
 RFC883, USC/Information Sciences Institute
, 1983
"... This RFC describes the details of the domain system and protocol, and assumes that the reader is familiar with the concepts discussed in a companion RFC, "Domain Names Concepts and Facilities " [RFC1034]. The domain system is a mixture of functions and data types which are an official pr ..."
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Cited by 718 (9 self)
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This RFC describes the details of the domain system and protocol, and assumes that the reader is familiar with the concepts discussed in a companion RFC, "Domain Names Concepts and Facilities " [RFC1034]. The domain system is a mixture of functions and data types which are an official
Planning and acting in partially observable stochastic domains
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
, 1998
"... In this paper, we bring techniques from operations research to bear on the problem of choosing optimal actions in partially observable stochastic domains. We begin by introducing the theory of Markov decision processes (mdps) and partially observable mdps (pomdps). We then outline a novel algorithm ..."
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Cited by 1078 (38 self)
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In this paper, we bring techniques from operations research to bear on the problem of choosing optimal actions in partially observable stochastic domains. We begin by introducing the theory of Markov decision processes (mdps) and partially observable mdps (pomdps). We then outline a novel algorithm
Interprocedural Slicing Using Dependence Graphs
 ACM TRANSACTIONS ON PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES AND SYSTEMS
, 1990
"... ... This paper concerns the problem of interprocedural slicinggenerating a slice of an entire program, where the slice crosses the boundaries of procedure calls. To solve this problem, we introduce a new kind of graph to represent programs, called a system dependence graph, which extends previou ..."
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Cited by 820 (84 self)
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... This paper concerns the problem of interprocedural slicinggenerating a slice of an entire program, where the slice crosses the boundaries of procedure calls. To solve this problem, we introduce a new kind of graph to represent programs, called a system dependence graph, which extends
The Vocabulary Problem in HumanSystem Communication
 COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM
, 1987
"... In almost all computer applications, users must enter correct words for the desired objects or actions. For success without extensive training, or in firsttries for new targets, the system must recognize terms that will be chosen spontaneously. We studied spontaneous word choice for objects in five ..."
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Cited by 551 (8 self)
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in five applicationrelated domains, and found the variability to be surprisingly large. In every case two people favored the same term with probability <0.20. Simulations show how this fundamental property of language limits the success of various design methodologies for vocabularydriven interaction
Irrelevant Features and the Subset Selection Problem
 MACHINE LEARNING: PROCEEDINGS OF THE ELEVENTH INTERNATIONAL
, 1994
"... We address the problem of finding a subset of features that allows a supervised induction algorithm to induce small highaccuracy concepts. We examine notions of relevance and irrelevance, and show that the definitions used in the machine learning literature do not adequately partition the features ..."
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Cited by 740 (26 self)
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We address the problem of finding a subset of features that allows a supervised induction algorithm to induce small highaccuracy concepts. We examine notions of relevance and irrelevance, and show that the definitions used in the machine learning literature do not adequately partition the features
Approximating discrete probability distributions with dependence trees
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1968
"... A method is presented to approximate optimally an ndimensional discrete probability distribution by a product of secondorder distributions, or the distribution of the firstorder tree dependence. The problem is to find an optimum set of n1 first order dependence relationship among the n variables ..."
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Cited by 860 (0 self)
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A method is presented to approximate optimally an ndimensional discrete probability distribution by a product of secondorder distributions, or the distribution of the firstorder tree dependence. The problem is to find an optimum set of n1 first order dependence relationship among the n
PDDL2.1: An Extension to PDDL for Expressing Temporal Planning Domains
, 2003
"... In recent years research in the planning community has moved increasingly towards application of planners to realistic problems involving both time and many types of resources. For example, interest in planning demonstrated by the space research community has inspired work in observation scheduling, ..."
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Cited by 602 (41 self)
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In recent years research in the planning community has moved increasingly towards application of planners to realistic problems involving both time and many types of resources. For example, interest in planning demonstrated by the space research community has inspired work in observation scheduling
Cognitive load during problem solving: effects on learning
 COGNITIVE SCIENCE
, 1988
"... Considerable evidence indicates that domain specific knowledge in the form of schemes is the primary factor distinguishing experts from novices in problemsolving skill. Evidence that conventional problemsolving activity is not effective in schema acquisition is also accumulating. It is suggested t ..."
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Cited by 605 (13 self)
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Considerable evidence indicates that domain specific knowledge in the form of schemes is the primary factor distinguishing experts from novices in problemsolving skill. Evidence that conventional problemsolving activity is not effective in schema acquisition is also accumulating. It is suggested
The dining cryptographers problem: Unconditional sender and recipient untraceability
 Journal of Cryptology
, 1988
"... Abstract. Keeping confidential who sends which messages, in a world where any physical transmission can be traced to its origin, seems impossible. The solution presented here is unconditionally or cryptographically secure, depending on whether it is based on onetimeuse keys or on public keys, res ..."
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Cited by 563 (2 self)
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Abstract. Keeping confidential who sends which messages, in a world where any physical transmission can be traced to its origin, seems impossible. The solution presented here is unconditionally or cryptographically secure, depending on whether it is based on onetimeuse keys or on public keys
Results 1  10
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