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An Optimal Algorithm for Approximate Nearest Neighbor Searching in Fixed Dimensions
 ACMSIAM SYMPOSIUM ON DISCRETE ALGORITHMS
, 1994
"... Consider a set S of n data points in real ddimensional space, R d , where distances are measured using any Minkowski metric. In nearest neighbor searching we preprocess S into a data structure, so that given any query point q 2 R d , the closest point of S to q can be reported quickly. Given any po ..."
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Cited by 983 (32 self)
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positive real ffl, a data point p is a (1 + ffl)approximate nearest neighbor of q if its distance from q is within a factor of (1 + ffl) of the distance to the true nearest neighbor. We show that it is possible to preprocess a set of n points in R d in O(dn log n) time and O(dn) space, so that given a
Symbolic Model Checking for Realtime Systems
 INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
, 1992
"... We describe finitestate programs over realnumbered time in a guardedcommand language with realvalued clocks or, equivalently, as finite automata with realvalued clocks. Model checking answers the question which states of a realtime program satisfy a branchingtime specification (given in an ..."
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Cited by 574 (50 self)
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We describe finitestate programs over realnumbered time in a guardedcommand language with realvalued clocks or, equivalently, as finite automata with realvalued clocks. Model checking answers the question which states of a realtime program satisfy a branchingtime specification (given
RealTime Systems
, 2000
"... Collision avoidance is an important topic in multirobot systems. Existing multirobot pathfinding approaches ignore sideswipe collisions among robots (i.e., only consider the collision which two agents try to occupy the same node during the same timestep) [1, 3, 4], and allow diagonal move between ..."
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Cited by 590 (11 self)
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between two adjacent nodes (e.g., Figure 1(b)). However, in many real world applications, sideswipe collisions may also block robots ’ movements or cause deadlocks. For example, as shown in Figure 1, if the size of two robots is as big as the grid size they occupied, collisions will happen not only
Robust realtime face detection
 International Journal of Computer Vision
, 2004
"... We have constructed a frontal face detection system which achieves detection and false positive rates which are equivalent to the best published results [7, 5, 6, 4, 1]. This face detection system is most clearly distinguished from previous approaches in its ability to detect faces extremely rapidly ..."
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Cited by 1833 (9 self)
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We have constructed a frontal face detection system which achieves detection and false positive rates which are equivalent to the best published results [7, 5, 6, 4, 1]. This face detection system is most clearly distinguished from previous approaches in its ability to detect faces extremely
Reflectance and texture of realworld surfaces
 ACM TRANS. GRAPHICS
, 1999
"... In this work, we investigate the visual appearance of realworld surfaces and the dependence of appearance on scale, viewing direction and illumination direction. At ne scale, surface variations cause local intensity variation or image texture. The appearance of this texture depends on both illumina ..."
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Cited by 586 (23 self)
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In this work, we investigate the visual appearance of realworld surfaces and the dependence of appearance on scale, viewing direction and illumination direction. At ne scale, surface variations cause local intensity variation or image texture. The appearance of this texture depends on both
Pfinder: Realtime tracking of the human body
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 1997
"... Pfinder is a realtime system for tracking people and interpreting their behavior. It runs at 10Hz on a standard SGI Indy computer, and has performed reliably on thousands of people in many different physical locations. The system uses a multiclass statistical model of color and shape to obtain a 2D ..."
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Cited by 1464 (48 self)
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Pfinder is a realtime system for tracking people and interpreting their behavior. It runs at 10Hz on a standard SGI Indy computer, and has performed reliably on thousands of people in many different physical locations. The system uses a multiclass statistical model of color and shape to obtain a 2
RealTime Tracking of NonRigid Objects using Mean Shift
 IEEE CVPR 2000
, 2000
"... A new method for realtime tracking of nonrigid objects seen from a moving camera isproposed. The central computational module is based on the mean shift iterations and nds the most probable target position in the current frame. The dissimilarity between the target model (its color distribution) an ..."
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Cited by 809 (20 self)
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A new method for realtime tracking of nonrigid objects seen from a moving camera isproposed. The central computational module is based on the mean shift iterations and nds the most probable target position in the current frame. The dissimilarity between the target model (its color distribution
Realtime human pose recognition in parts from single depth images
 In In CVPR, 2011. 3
"... We propose a new method to quickly and accurately predict 3D positions of body joints from a single depth image, using no temporal information. We take an object recognition approach, designing an intermediate body parts representation that maps the difficult pose estimation problem into a simpler p ..."
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Cited by 550 (19 self)
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We propose a new method to quickly and accurately predict 3D positions of body joints from a single depth image, using no temporal information. We take an object recognition approach, designing an intermediate body parts representation that maps the difficult pose estimation problem into a simpler
Financial Intermediation, Loanable Funds, and the Real Sector
 Quarterly Journal of Economics
, 1997
"... We study an incentive model of ®nancial intermediation in which ®rms as well as intermediaries are capital constrained. We analyze how the distribution of wealth across ®rms, intermediaries, and uninformed investors affects investment, interest rates, and the intensity of monitoring. We show that al ..."
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Cited by 494 (5 self)
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We study an incentive model of ®nancial intermediation in which ®rms as well as intermediaries are capital constrained. We analyze how the distribution of wealth across ®rms, intermediaries, and uninformed investors affects investment, interest rates, and the intensity of monitoring. We show that all forms of capital tightening (a credit crunch, a collateral squeeze, or a savings squeeze) hit poorly capitalized ®rms the hardest, but that interest rate effects and the intensity of monitoring will depend on relative changes in the various components of capital. The predictions of the model are broadly consistent with the lending patterns observed during the recent ®nancial crises. I.
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