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Mixtures of Probabilistic Principal Component Analysers
, 1998
"... Principal component analysis (PCA) is one of the most popular techniques for processing, compressing and visualising data, although its effectiveness is limited by its global linearity. While nonlinear variants of PCA have been proposed, an alternative paradigm is to capture data complexity by a com ..."
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Cited by 537 (6 self)
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maximumlikelihood framework, based on a specific form of Gaussian latent variable model. This leads to a welldefined mixture model for probabilistic principal component analysers, whose parameters can be determined using an EM algorithm. We discuss the advantages of this model in the context
CostAware WWW Proxy Caching Algorithms
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF THE 1997 USENIX SYMPOSIUM ON INTERNET TECHNOLOGY AND SYSTEMS
, 1997
"... Web caches can not only reduce network traffic and downloading latency, but can also affect the distribution of web traffic over the network through costaware caching. This paper introduces GreedyDualSize, which incorporates locality with cost and size concerns in a simple and nonparameterized fash ..."
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Cited by 544 (6 self)
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parameterized fashion for high performance. Tracedriven simulations show that with the appropriate cost definition, GreedyDualSize outperforms existing web cache replacement algorithms in many aspects, including hit ratios, latency reduction and network cost reduction. In addition, GreedyDualSize can potentially
Laplacian Eigenmaps and Spectral Techniques for Embedding and Clustering
 Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 14
, 2001
"... Drawing on the correspondence between the graph Laplacian, the LaplaceBeltrami operator on a manifold, and the connections to the heat equation, we propose a geometrically motivated algorithm for constructing a representation for data sampled from a low dimensional manifold embedded in a higher ..."
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Cited by 664 (8 self)
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higher dimensional space. The algorithm provides a computationally efficient approach to nonlinear dimensionality reduction that has locality preserving properties and a natural connection to clustering. Several applications are considered.
Locally weighted learning
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE REVIEW
, 1997
"... This paper surveys locally weighted learning, a form of lazy learning and memorybased learning, and focuses on locally weighted linear regression. The survey discusses distance functions, smoothing parameters, weighting functions, local model structures, regularization of the estimates and bias, ass ..."
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Cited by 594 (53 self)
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This paper surveys locally weighted learning, a form of lazy learning and memorybased learning, and focuses on locally weighted linear regression. The survey discusses distance functions, smoothing parameters, weighting functions, local model structures, regularization of the estimates and bias
The irreducibility of the space of curves of given genus
 Publ. Math. IHES
, 1969
"... Fix an algebraically closed field k. Let Mg be the moduli space of curves of genus g over k. The main result of this note is that Mg is irreducible for every k. Of course, whether or not M s is irreducible depends only on the characteristic of k. When the characteristic s o, we can assume that k ~ ..."
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Cited by 512 (2 self)
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is to construct families of curves X, some singular, with pa(X)=g, over nonsingular parameter spaces, which in some sense contain enough singular curves to link together any two components that Mg might have. The essential thing that makes this method work now is a recent " stable reduction theorem "
A Syntactic Approach to Type Soundness
 INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
, 1992
"... We present a new approach to proving type soundness for Hindley/Milnerstyle polymorphic type systems. The keys to our approach are (1) an adaptation of subject reduction theorems from combinatory logic to programming languages, and (2) the use of rewriting techniques for the specification of the la ..."
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Cited by 634 (25 self)
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We present a new approach to proving type soundness for Hindley/Milnerstyle polymorphic type systems. The keys to our approach are (1) an adaptation of subject reduction theorems from combinatory logic to programming languages, and (2) the use of rewriting techniques for the specification
FeatureRich PartofSpeech Tagging with a Cyclic Dependency Network
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF HLTNAACL
, 2003
"... We present a new partofspeech tagger that demonstrates the following ideas: (i) explicit use of both preceding and following tag contexts via a dependency network representation, (ii) broad use of lexical features, including jointly conditioning on multiple consecutive words, (iii) effective ..."
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Cited by 660 (23 self)
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) effective use of priors in conditional loglinear models, and (iv) finegrained modeling of unknown word features. Using these ideas together, the resulting tagger gives a 97.24% accuracy on the Penn Treebank WSJ, an error reduction of 4.4% on the best previous single automatically learned tagging
Reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo computation and Bayesian model determination
 Biometrika
, 1995
"... Markov chain Monte Carlo methods for Bayesian computation have until recently been restricted to problems where the joint distribution of all variables has a density with respect to some xed standard underlying measure. They have therefore not been available for application to Bayesian model determi ..."
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Cited by 1330 (24 self)
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determination, where the dimensionality of the parameter vector is typically not xed. This article proposes a new framework for the construction of reversible Markov chain samplers that jump between parameter subspaces of di ering dimensionality, which is exible and entirely constructive. It should therefore
Sparse Bayesian Learning and the Relevance Vector Machine
, 2001
"... This paper introduces a general Bayesian framework for obtaining sparse solutions to regression and classication tasks utilising models linear in the parameters. Although this framework is fully general, we illustrate our approach with a particular specialisation that we denote the `relevance vec ..."
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Cited by 958 (5 self)
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This paper introduces a general Bayesian framework for obtaining sparse solutions to regression and classication tasks utilising models linear in the parameters. Although this framework is fully general, we illustrate our approach with a particular specialisation that we denote the `relevance
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