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737,120
Near Optimal Signal Recovery From Random Projections: Universal Encoding Strategies?
, 2004
"... Suppose we are given a vector f in RN. How many linear measurements do we need to make about f to be able to recover f to within precision ɛ in the Euclidean (ℓ2) metric? Or more exactly, suppose we are interested in a class F of such objects— discrete digital signals, images, etc; how many linear m ..."
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Cited by 1513 (20 self)
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Suppose we are given a vector f in RN. How many linear measurements do we need to make about f to be able to recover f to within precision ɛ in the Euclidean (ℓ2) metric? Or more exactly, suppose we are interested in a class F of such objects— discrete digital signals, images, etc; how many linear measurements do we need to recover objects from this class to within accuracy ɛ? This paper shows that if the objects of interest are sparse or compressible in the sense that the reordered entries of a signal f ∈ F decay like a powerlaw (or if the coefficient sequence of f in a fixed basis decays like a powerlaw), then it is possible to reconstruct f to within very high accuracy from a small number of random measurements. typical result is as follows: we rearrange the entries of f (or its coefficients in a fixed basis) in decreasing order of magnitude f  (1) ≥ f  (2) ≥... ≥ f  (N), and define the weakℓp ball as the class F of those elements whose entries obey the power decay law f  (n) ≤ C · n −1/p. We take measurements 〈f, Xk〉, k = 1,..., K, where the Xk are Ndimensional Gaussian
Raptor codes
 IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
, 2006
"... LTCodes are a new class of codes introduced in [1] for the purpose of scalable and faulttolerant distribution of data over computer networks. In this paper we introduce Raptor Codes, an extension of LTCodes with linear time encoding and decoding. We will exhibit a class of universal Raptor codes: ..."
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Cited by 567 (6 self)
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LTCodes are a new class of codes introduced in [1] for the purpose of scalable and faulttolerant distribution of data over computer networks. In this paper we introduce Raptor Codes, an extension of LTCodes with linear time encoding and decoding. We will exhibit a class of universal Raptor codes
Network Coding for Large Scale Content Distribution
"... We propose a new scheme for content distribution of large files that is based on network coding. With network coding, each node of the distribution network is able to generate and transmit encoded blocks of information. The randomization introduced by the coding process eases the scheduling of bloc ..."
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Cited by 497 (6 self)
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of the original file) and, also, to schemes in which only the source is allowed to generate and transmit encoded packets. We study the performance of network coding in heterogeneous networks with dynamic node arrival and departure patterns, clustered topologies, and when incentive mechanisms to discourage free
High confidence visual recognition of persons by a test of statistical independence
 IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 1993
"... Abstruct A method for rapid visual recognition of personal identity is described, based on the failure of a statistical test of independence. The most unique phenotypic feature visible in a person’s face is the detailed texture of each eye’s iris: An estimate of its statistical complexity in a samp ..."
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Cited by 596 (8 self)
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different eyes is passed almost certainly, whereas the same test is failed almost certainly when the compared codes originate from the same eye. The visible texture of a person’s iris in a realtime video image is encoded into a compact sequence of multiscale quadrature 2D Gabor wavelet coefficients
Feeling and thinking: Preferences need no inferences
 American Psychologist
, 1980
"... ABSTRACT: Affect is considered by most contemporary theories to be postcognitive, that is, to occur only after considerable cognitive operations have been accomplished. Yet a number of experimental results on preferences, attitudes, impression formation, and de_ cision making, as well as some cli ..."
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Cited by 533 (2 self)
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, and for lower organisms they are the dominant reactions. Affective reactions can occur without extensive perceptual and cognitive encoding, are made with greater confidence than cognitive judg
Learning the Kernel Matrix with SemiDefinite Programming
, 2002
"... Kernelbased learning algorithms work by embedding the data into a Euclidean space, and then searching for linear relations among the embedded data points. The embedding is performed implicitly, by specifying the inner products between each pair of points in the embedding space. This information ..."
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Cited by 780 (22 self)
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is contained in the socalled kernel matrix, a symmetric and positive definite matrix that encodes the relative positions of all points. Specifying this matrix amounts to specifying the geometry of the embedding space and inducing a notion of similarity in the input spaceclassical model selection
Part 1: Broadcasting with Originator Encoder
"... architecture is built with flexibility for future growth ..."
A New Method for Solving Hard Satisfiability Problems
 AAAI
, 1992
"... We introduce a greedy local search procedure called GSAT for solving propositional satisfiability problems. Our experiments show that this procedure can be used to solve hard, randomly generated problems that are an order of magnitude larger than those that can be handled by more traditional approac ..."
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Cited by 734 (21 self)
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approaches such as the DavisPutnam procedure or resolution. We also show that GSAT can solve structured satisfiability problems quickly. In particular, we solve encodings of graph coloring problems, Nqueens, and Boolean induction. General application strategies and limitations of the approach are also
A Volumetric Method for Building Complex Models from Range Images
, 1996
"... A number of techniques have been developed for reconstructing surfaces by integrating groups of aligned range images. A desirable set of properties for such algorithms includes: incremental updating, representation of directional uncertainty, the ability to fill gaps in the reconstruction, and robus ..."
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Cited by 1018 (18 self)
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with one range image at a time, we first scanconvert it to a distance function, then combine this with the data already acquired using a simple additive scheme. To achieve space efficiency, we employ a runlength encoding of the volume. To achieve time efficiency, we resample the range image to align
PCASIFT: A more distinctive representation for local image descriptors
, 2004
"... Stable local feature detection and representation is a fundamental component of many image registration and object recognition algorithms. Mikolajczyk and Schmid [14] recently evaluated a variety of approaches and identified the SIFT [11] algorithm as being the most resistant to common image deforma ..."
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Cited by 572 (6 self)
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deformations. This paper examines (and improves upon) the local image descriptor used by SIFT. Like SIFT, our descriptors encode the salient aspects of the image gradient in the feature point's neighborhood; however, instead of using SIFT's smoothed weighted histograms, we apply Principal Components
Results 1  10
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737,120