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Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm
 JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, SERIES B
, 1977
"... A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value situat ..."
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Cited by 11807 (17 self)
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situations, applications to grouped, censored or truncated data, finite mixture models, variance component estimation, hyperparameter estimation, iteratively reweighted least squares and factor analysis.
Nonlinear component analysis as a kernel eigenvalue problem

, 1996
"... We describe a new method for performing a nonlinear form of Principal Component Analysis. By the use of integral operator kernel functions, we can efficiently compute principal components in highdimensional feature spaces, related to input space by some nonlinear map; for instance the space of all ..."
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Cited by 1554 (85 self)
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We describe a new method for performing a nonlinear form of Principal Component Analysis. By the use of integral operator kernel functions, we can efficiently compute principal components in highdimensional feature spaces, related to input space by some nonlinear map; for instance the space of all
Symplectic nonlinear component analysis
 In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems
, 1996
"... Statistically independent features can be extracted by nding a factorial representation of a signal distribution. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) accomplishes this for linear correlated and Gaussian distributed signals. Independent Component Analysis (ICA), formalized by Comon (1994), extracts fe ..."
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Cited by 9 (0 self)
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features in the case of linear statistical dependent but not necessarily Gaussian distributed signals. Nonlinear Component Analysis nally should nd a factorial representation for nonlinear statistical dependent distributed signals. This paper proposes for this task a novel feedforward, information
Nonlinear Component Analysis Based on Correntropy
"... Abstract — In this paper, we propose a new nonlinear principal component analysis based on a generalized correlation function which we call correntropy. The data is nonlinearly transformed to a feature space, and the principal directions are found by eigendecomposition of the correntropy matrix, wh ..."
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Cited by 4 (3 self)
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Abstract — In this paper, we propose a new nonlinear principal component analysis based on a generalized correlation function which we call correntropy. The data is nonlinearly transformed to a feature space, and the principal directions are found by eigendecomposition of the correntropy matrix
An Expectation Maximization Approach to Nonlinear Component Analysis
 NEURAL COMPUT
, 2000
"... The proposal of considering nonlinear principal component analysis as a kernel eigenvalue problem has provided an extremely powerful method of extracting nonlinear features for a number of classification and regression applications. Whereas the utilization of Mercer kernels makes the problem of comp ..."
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Cited by 4 (1 self)
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The proposal of considering nonlinear principal component analysis as a kernel eigenvalue problem has provided an extremely powerful method of extracting nonlinear features for a number of classification and regression applications. Whereas the utilization of Mercer kernels makes the problem
Survey on Independent Component Analysis
 NEURAL COMPUTING SURVEYS
, 1999
"... A common problem encountered in such disciplines as statistics, data analysis, signal processing, and neural network research, is nding a suitable representation of multivariate data. For computational and conceptual simplicity, such a representation is often sought as a linear transformation of the ..."
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Cited by 2241 (104 self)
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of the original data. Wellknown linear transformation methods include, for example, principal component analysis, factor analysis, and projection pursuit. A recently developed linear transformation method is independent component analysis (ICA), in which the desired representation is the one that minimizes
Mixtures of Probabilistic Principal Component Analysers
, 1998
"... Principal component analysis (PCA) is one of the most popular techniques for processing, compressing and visualising data, although its effectiveness is limited by its global linearity. While nonlinear variants of PCA have been proposed, an alternative paradigm is to capture data complexity by a com ..."
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Cited by 537 (6 self)
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Principal component analysis (PCA) is one of the most popular techniques for processing, compressing and visualising data, although its effectiveness is limited by its global linearity. While nonlinear variants of PCA have been proposed, an alternative paradigm is to capture data complexity by a
Probabilistic Principal Component Analysis
 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B
, 1999
"... Principal component analysis (PCA) is a ubiquitous technique for data analysis and processing, but one which is not based upon a probability model. In this paper we demonstrate how the principal axes of a set of observed data vectors may be determined through maximumlikelihood estimation of paramet ..."
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Cited by 703 (5 self)
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Principal component analysis (PCA) is a ubiquitous technique for data analysis and processing, but one which is not based upon a probability model. In this paper we demonstrate how the principal axes of a set of observed data vectors may be determined through maximumlikelihood estimation
Robust Principal Component Analysis?
, 2009
"... This paper is about a curious phenomenon. Suppose we have a data matrix, which is the superposition of a lowrank component and a sparse component. Can we recover each component individually? We prove that under some suitable assumptions, it is possible to recover both the lowrank and the sparse co ..."
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Cited by 553 (26 self)
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components exactly by solving a very convenient convex program called Principal Component Pursuit; among all feasible decompositions, simply minimize a weighted combination of the nuclear norm and of the ℓ1 norm. This suggests the possibility of a principled approach to robust principal component analysis
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