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The Skill Content of Recent Technological Change: An Empirical Exploration
, 2000
"... Recent empirical and case study evidence documents a strong association between the adoption of computers and increased use of college educated or nonproduction workers. With few exceptions, the conceptual link explaining how computer technology complements skilled labor or substitutes for unskille ..."
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Cited by 607 (29 self)
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of our framework are that computer capital (1) substitutes for a limited and welldefined set of human activities, those involving routine (repetitive) cognitive and manual tasks; and (2) complements a second set of activities, those involving nonroutine problem solving and interactive tasks. Under
The Hungarian method for the assignment problem
 Naval Res. Logist. Quart
, 1955
"... Assuming that numerical scores are available for the performance of each of n persons on each of n jobs, the "assignment problem" is the quest for an assignment of persons to jobs so that the sum of the n scores so obtained is as large as possible. It is shown that ideas latent in the work ..."
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Cited by 1238 (0 self)
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in the work of two Hungarian mathematicians may be exploited to yield a new method of solving this problem. 1.
Where the REALLY Hard Problems Are
 IN J. MYLOPOULOS AND R. REITER (EDS.), PROCEEDINGS OF 12TH INTERNATIONAL JOINT CONFERENCE ON AI (IJCAI91),VOLUME 1
, 1991
"... It is well known that for many NPcomplete problems, such as KSat, etc., typical cases are easy to solve; so that computationally hard cases must be rare (assuming P != NP). This paper shows that NPcomplete problems can be summarized by at least one "order parameter", and that the hard p ..."
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Cited by 681 (1 self)
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It is well known that for many NPcomplete problems, such as KSat, etc., typical cases are easy to solve; so that computationally hard cases must be rare (assuming P != NP). This paper shows that NPcomplete problems can be summarized by at least one "order parameter", and that the hard
ROUTINES IN NONROUTINE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESSES
"... Nonroutine problemsolving, too, involves elements of routine. Often, elementary routines such as solving for a variable are not carried out without error. In this paper, we use new findings from neuroscientific research to explain why even excellent students make mistakes in elementary routines. 1 ..."
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Nonroutine problemsolving, too, involves elements of routine. Often, elementary routines such as solving for a variable are not carried out without error. In this paper, we use new findings from neuroscientific research to explain why even excellent students make mistakes in elementary routines
The Extended Linear Complementarity Problem
, 1993
"... We consider an extension of the horizontal linear complementarity problem, which we call the extended linear complementarity problem (XLCP). With the aid of a natural bilinear program, we establish various properties of this extended complementarity problem; these include the convexity of the biline ..."
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Cited by 776 (28 self)
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We consider an extension of the horizontal linear complementarity problem, which we call the extended linear complementarity problem (XLCP). With the aid of a natural bilinear program, we establish various properties of this extended complementarity problem; these include the convexity
The Symbol Grounding Problem
, 1990
"... There has been much discussion recently about the scope and limits of purely symbolic models of the mind and about the proper role of connectionism in cognitive modeling. This paper describes the "symbol grounding problem": How can the semantic interpretation of a formal symbol system be m ..."
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Cited by 1072 (18 self)
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of their (nonsymbolic) categorical representations. Higherorder (3) "symbolic representations" , grounded in these elementary symbols, consist of symbol strings describing category membership relations (e.g., "An X is a Y that is Z"). Connectionism is one natural candidate for the mechanism
Global Optimization with Polynomials and the Problem of Moments
 SIAM Journal on Optimization
, 2001
"... We consider the problem of finding the unconstrained global minimum of a realvalued polynomial p(x) : R R, as well as the global minimum of p(x), in a compact set K defined by polynomial inequalities. It is shown that this problem reduces to solving an (often finite) sequence of convex linear mat ..."
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Cited by 569 (47 self)
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We consider the problem of finding the unconstrained global minimum of a realvalued polynomial p(x) : R R, as well as the global minimum of p(x), in a compact set K defined by polynomial inequalities. It is shown that this problem reduces to solving an (often finite) sequence of convex linear
Risk and protective factors for alcohol and other drug problems in adolescence and early adulthood: Implications for substance abuse prevention
 Psychological Bulletin
, 1992
"... The authors suggest that the most promising route to effective strategies for the prevention of adolescent alcohol and other drug problems is through a riskfocused approach. This approach requires the identification of risk factors for drug abuse, identification of methods by which risk factors hav ..."
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Cited by 693 (18 self)
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The authors suggest that the most promising route to effective strategies for the prevention of adolescent alcohol and other drug problems is through a riskfocused approach. This approach requires the identification of risk factors for drug abuse, identification of methods by which risk factors
Cognitive load during problem solving: effects on learning
 COGNITIVE SCIENCE
, 1988
"... Considerable evidence indicates that domain specific knowledge in the form of schemes is the primary factor distinguishing experts from novices in problemsolving skill. Evidence that conventional problemsolving activity is not effective in schema acquisition is also accumulating. It is suggested t ..."
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Cited by 603 (13 self)
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that a major reason for the ineffectiveness of problem solving as a learning device, is that the cognitive processes required by the two activities overlap insufficiently, and that conventional problem solving in the form of meansends analysis requires a relatively large amount of cognitive processing
Theoretical improvements in algorithmic efficiency for network flow problems

, 1972
"... This paper presents new algorithms for the maximum flow problem, the Hitchcock transportation problem, and the general minimumcost flow problem. Upper bounds on ... the numbers of steps in these algorithms are derived, and are shown to compale favorably with upper bounds on the numbers of steps req ..."
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Cited by 565 (0 self)
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This paper presents new algorithms for the maximum flow problem, the Hitchcock transportation problem, and the general minimumcost flow problem. Upper bounds on ... the numbers of steps in these algorithms are derived, and are shown to compale favorably with upper bounds on the numbers of steps
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