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Maximum Likelihood Linear Transformations for HMMBased Speech Recognition
 COMPUTER SPEECH AND LANGUAGE
, 1998
"... This paper examines the application of linear transformations for speaker and environmental adaptation in an HMMbased speech recognition system. In particular, transformations that are trained in a maximum likelihood sense on adaptation data are investigated. Other than in the form of a simple bias ..."
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Cited by 570 (68 self)
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of the constrained modelspace transform from the simple diagonal case to the full or blockdiagonal case. The constrained and unconstrained transforms are evaluated in terms of computational cost, recognition time efficiency, and use for speaker adaptive training. The recognition performance of the two modelspace
CONSTRUCTION OF MODELSPACE CONSTRAINTS
"... HMM systems exhibit a large amount of redundancy. To this end, a technique called Eigenvoices was found to be very effective for speaker adaptation. The correlation between HMM parameters is exploited via a linear constraint called eigenspace. This constraint is obtained through a PCA analysis of th ..."
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Cited by 1 (0 self)
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. 1. OPTIMAL ESTIMATION OF THE EIGENSPACE In this section, we show that the expected loglikelihood of the data is related to a sum of squared euclidean distances in the model space. This justifies using the SVD to compute the eigenspace. First, we will show that the loglikelihood of rows of MLLR
Perturbative gauge theory as a string theory in twistor space
 COMMUN. MATH. PHYS
, 2003
"... Perturbative scattering amplitudes in YangMills theory have many unexpected properties, such as holomorphy of the maximally helicity violating amplitudes. To interpret these results, we Fourier transform the scattering amplitudes from momentum space to twistor space, and argue that the transformed ..."
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Cited by 385 (1 self)
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Perturbative scattering amplitudes in YangMills theory have many unexpected properties, such as holomorphy of the maximally helicity violating amplitudes. To interpret these results, we Fourier transform the scattering amplitudes from momentum space to twistor space, and argue that the transformed
GTM: The generative topographic mapping
 Neural Computation
, 1998
"... Latent variable models represent the probability density of data in a space of several dimensions in terms of a smaller number of latent, or hidden, variables. A familiar example is factor analysis which is based on a linear transformations between the latent space and the data space. In this paper ..."
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Cited by 361 (6 self)
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Latent variable models represent the probability density of data in a space of several dimensions in terms of a smaller number of latent, or hidden, variables. A familiar example is factor analysis which is based on a linear transformations between the latent space and the data space. In this paper
Transforming Data to Satisfy Privacy Constraints
, 2002
"... Data on individuals and entities are being collected widely. These data can contain information that explicitly identifies the individual (e.g., social security number). Data can also contain other kinds of personal information (e.g., date of birth, zip code, gender) that are potentially identifying ..."
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Cited by 250 (0 self)
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of preserving privacy for the specified usage. In particular, we investigate the privacy transformation in the context of data mining applications like building classification and regression models. Second, our work improves on previous approaches by allowing more flexible generalizations for the data. Lastly
Numerical Implementation Of A SpaceTransformation Approach For Solving The ThreeDimensional Flow Equation
"... . This work is concerned with the numerical implementation of the spacetransformation approach in porous media modeling. Space transformation is a mathematical approach that simplifies the study of multidimensional problems by reducing them to unidimensional ones. In particular, the implementation ..."
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Cited by 1 (1 self)
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. This work is concerned with the numerical implementation of the spacetransformation approach in porous media modeling. Space transformation is a mathematical approach that simplifies the study of multidimensional problems by reducing them to unidimensional ones. In particular, the implementation
PEGASUS: A policy search method for large MDPs and POMDPs
 In Proceedings of the Sixteenth Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence
, 2000
"... We propose a new approach to the problem of searching a space of policies for a Markov decision process (MDP) or a partially observable Markov decision process (POMDP), given a model. Our approach is based on the following observation: Any (PO)MDP can be transformed into an "equivalent&qu ..."
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Cited by 257 (9 self)
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We propose a new approach to the problem of searching a space of policies for a Markov decision process (MDP) or a partially observable Markov decision process (POMDP), given a model. Our approach is based on the following observation: Any (PO)MDP can be transformed into an "
Nonlinear solution of linear inverse problems by waveletvaguelette decomposition
, 1992
"... We describe the WaveletVaguelette Decomposition (WVD) of a linear inverse problem. It is a substitute for the singular value decomposition (SVD) of an inverse problem, and it exists for a class of special inverse problems of homogeneous type { such asnumerical di erentiation, inversion of Abeltype ..."
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Cited by 251 (12 self)
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case of Besov spaces Bp;q, p <2, which model spatial inhomogeneity, is included. In comparison, linear procedures { SVD included { cannot attain optimal rates of convergence over such classes in the case p<2. For example, our methods achieve faster rates of convergence, for objects known to lie
Face Recognition: A Convolutional Neural Network Approach
 IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks
, 1997
"... Faces represent complex, multidimensional, meaningful visual stimuli and developing a computational model for face recognition is difficult [43]. We present a hybrid neural network solution which compares favorably with other methods. The system combines local image sampling, a selforganizing map n ..."
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Cited by 234 (0 self)
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Faces represent complex, multidimensional, meaningful visual stimuli and developing a computational model for face recognition is difficult [43]. We present a hybrid neural network solution which compares favorably with other methods. The system combines local image sampling, a selforganizing map
Nonlinear BlackBox Modeling in System Identification: a Unified Overview
 Automatica
, 1995
"... A nonlinear black box structure for a dynamical system is a model structure that is prepared to describe virtually any nonlinear dynamics. There has been considerable recent interest in this area with structures based on neural networks, radial basis networks, wavelet networks, hinging hyperplanes, ..."
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Cited by 225 (16 self)
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, as well as wavelet transform based methods and models based on fuzzy sets and fuzzy rules. This paper describes all these approaches in a common framework, from a user's perspective. It focuses on what are the common features in the different approaches, the choices that have to be made and what
Results 1  10
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5,558