Results 1  10
of
30,385
Discriminative Training Methods for Hidden Markov Models: Theory and Experiments with Perceptron Algorithms
, 2002
"... We describe new algorithms for training tagging models, as an alternative to maximumentropy models or conditional random fields (CRFs). The algorithms rely on Viterbi decoding of training examples, combined with simple additive updates. We describe theory justifying the algorithms through a modific ..."
Abstract

Cited by 660 (13 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We describe new algorithms for training tagging models, as an alternative to maximumentropy models or conditional random fields (CRFs). The algorithms rely on Viterbi decoding of training examples, combined with simple additive updates. We describe theory justifying the algorithms through a
Coupled hidden Markov models for complex action recognition
, 1996
"... We present algorithms for coupling and training hidden Markov models (HMMs) to model interacting processes, and demonstrate their superiority to conventional HMMs in a vision task classifying twohanded actions. HMMs are perhaps the most successful framework in perceptual computing for modeling and ..."
Abstract

Cited by 501 (22 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We present algorithms for coupling and training hidden Markov models (HMMs) to model interacting processes, and demonstrate their superiority to conventional HMMs in a vision task classifying twohanded actions. HMMs are perhaps the most successful framework in perceptual computing for modeling
A gentle tutorial on the EM algorithm and its application to parameter estimation for gaussian mixture and hidden markov models
, 1997
"... We describe the maximumlikelihood parameter estimation problem and how the Expectationform of the EM algorithm as it is often given in the literature. We then develop the EM parameter estimation procedure for two applications: 1) finding the parameters of a mixture of Gaussian densities, and 2) fi ..."
Abstract

Cited by 693 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
) finding the parameters of a hidden Markov model (HMM) (i.e., the BaumWelch algorithm) for both discrete and Gaussian mixture observation models. We derive the update equations in fairly explicit detail but we do not prove any convergence properties. We try to emphasize intuition rather than mathematical
Segmentation of brain MR images through a hidden Markov random field model and the expectationmaximization algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL. IMAGING
, 2001
"... The finite mixture (FM) model is the most commonly used model for statistical segmentation of brain magnetic resonance (MR) images because of its simple mathematical form and the piecewise constant nature of ideal brain MR images. However, being a histogrambased model, the FM has an intrinsic limi ..."
Abstract

Cited by 639 (15 self)
 Add to MetaCart
based methods produce unreliable results. In this paper, we propose a novel hidden Markov random field (HMRF) model, which is a stochastic process generated by a MRF whose state sequence cannot be observed directly but which can be indirectly estimated through observations. Mathematically, it can be shown
Regularization paths for generalized linear models via coordinate descent
, 2009
"... We develop fast algorithms for estimation of generalized linear models with convex penalties. The models include linear regression, twoclass logistic regression, and multinomial regression problems while the penalties include ℓ1 (the lasso), ℓ2 (ridge regression) and mixtures of the two (the elastic ..."
Abstract

Cited by 724 (15 self)
 Add to MetaCart
elastic net). The algorithms use cyclical coordinate descent, computed along a regularization path. The methods can handle large problems and can also deal efficiently with sparse features. In comparative timings we find that the new algorithms are considerably faster than competing methods.
The SmallWorld Phenomenon: An Algorithmic Perspective
 in Proceedings of the 32nd ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing
, 2000
"... Long a matter of folklore, the “smallworld phenomenon ” — the principle that we are all linked by short chains of acquaintances — was inaugurated as an area of experimental study in the social sciences through the pioneering work of Stanley Milgram in the 1960’s. This work was among the first to m ..."
Abstract

Cited by 824 (5 self)
 Add to MetaCart
to explain the striking algorithmic component of Milgram’s original findings: that individuals using local information are collectively very effective at actually constructing short paths between two points in a social network. Although recently proposed network models are rich in short paths, we prove
A fast learning algorithm for deep belief nets
 Neural Computation
, 2006
"... We show how to use “complementary priors ” to eliminate the explaining away effects that make inference difficult in denselyconnected belief nets that have many hidden layers. Using complementary priors, we derive a fast, greedy algorithm that can learn deep, directed belief networks one layer at a ..."
Abstract

Cited by 970 (49 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We show how to use “complementary priors ” to eliminate the explaining away effects that make inference difficult in denselyconnected belief nets that have many hidden layers. Using complementary priors, we derive a fast, greedy algorithm that can learn deep, directed belief networks one layer
Theoretical improvements in algorithmic efficiency for network flow problems

, 1972
"... This paper presents new algorithms for the maximum flow problem, the Hitchcock transportation problem, and the general minimumcost flow problem. Upper bounds on ... the numbers of steps in these algorithms are derived, and are shown to compale favorably with upper bounds on the numbers of steps req ..."
Abstract

Cited by 560 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
required by earlier algorithms. First, the paper states the maximum flow problem, gives the FordFulkerson labeling method for its solution, and points out that an improper choice of flow augmenting paths can lead to severe computational difficulties. Then rules of choice that avoid these difficulties
Fibonacci Heaps and Their Uses in Improved Network optimization algorithms
, 1987
"... In this paper we develop a new data structure for implementing heaps (priority queues). Our structure, Fibonacci heaps (abbreviated Fheaps), extends the binomial queues proposed by Vuillemin and studied further by Brown. Fheaps support arbitrary deletion from an nitem heap in qlogn) amortized tim ..."
Abstract

Cited by 739 (18 self)
 Add to MetaCart
time and all other standard heap operations in o ( 1) amortized time. Using Fheaps we are able to obtain improved running times for several network optimization algorithms. In particular, we obtain the following worstcase bounds, where n is the number of vertices and m the number of edges
A comparative analysis of selection schemes used in genetic algorithms
 Foundations of Genetic Algorithms
, 1991
"... This paper considers a number of selection schemes commonly used in modern genetic algorithms. Specifically, proportionate reproduction, ranking selection, tournament selection, and Genitor (or «steady state") selection are compared on the basis of solutions to deterministic difference or d ..."
Abstract

Cited by 531 (31 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper considers a number of selection schemes commonly used in modern genetic algorithms. Specifically, proportionate reproduction, ranking selection, tournament selection, and Genitor (or «steady state") selection are compared on the basis of solutions to deterministic difference
Results 1  10
of
30,385