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275,228
Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm
 JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, SERIES B
, 1977
"... A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value situat ..."
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Cited by 11972 (17 self)
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A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value
The Alignment Template Approach to Statistical Machine Translation
, 2004
"... A phrasebased statistical machine translation approach — the alignment template approach — is described. This translation approach allows for general manytomany relations between words. Thereby, the context of words is taken into account in the translation model, and local changes in word order f ..."
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Cited by 480 (26 self)
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A phrasebased statistical machine translation approach — the alignment template approach — is described. This translation approach allows for general manytomany relations between words. Thereby, the context of words is taken into account in the translation model, and local changes in word order
Data cube: A relational aggregation operator generalizing groupby, crosstab, and subtotals
, 1996
"... Abstract. Data analysis applications typically aggregate data across many dimensions looking for anomalies or unusual patterns. The SQL aggregate functions and the GROUP BY operator produce zerodimensional or onedimensional aggregates. Applications need the Ndimensional generalization of these op ..."
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Cited by 860 (11 self)
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Abstract. Data analysis applications typically aggregate data across many dimensions looking for anomalies or unusual patterns. The SQL aggregate functions and the GROUP BY operator produce zerodimensional or onedimensional aggregates. Applications need the Ndimensional generalization
The Byzantine Generals Problem,"
 ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems,
, 1982
"... Abstract The Byzantine Generals Problem requires processes to reach agreement upon a value even though some of them may fad. It is weakened by allowing them to agree upon an "incorrect" value if a failure occurs. The transaction eormmt problem for a distributed database Js a special case ..."
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Cited by 1561 (6 self)
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of the weaker problem. It is shown that, like the original Byzantine Generals Problem, the weak version can be solved only ff fewer than onethird of the processes may fad. Unlike the onginal problem, an approximate solution exists that can tolerate arbaranly many failures.
Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity
 JOURNAL OF ECONOMETRICS
, 1986
"... A natural generalization of the ARCH (Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedastic) process introduced in Engle (1982) to allow for past conditional variances in the current conditional variance equation is proposed. Stationarity conditions and autocorrelation structure for this new class of parametri ..."
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Cited by 2406 (30 self)
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A natural generalization of the ARCH (Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedastic) process introduced in Engle (1982) to allow for past conditional variances in the current conditional variance equation is proposed. Stationarity conditions and autocorrelation structure for this new class
An algorithm for drawing general undirected graphs
 Information Processing Letters
, 1989
"... Graphs (networks) are very common data structures which are handled in computers. Diagrams are widely used to represent the graph structures visually in many information systems. In order to automatically draw the diagrams which are, for example, state graphs, dataflow graphs, Petri nets, and entit ..."
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Cited by 698 (2 self)
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Graphs (networks) are very common data structures which are handled in computers. Diagrams are widely used to represent the graph structures visually in many information systems. In order to automatically draw the diagrams which are, for example, state graphs, dataflow graphs, Petri nets
Multipoint quantitativetrait linkage analysis in general pedigrees
 Am. J. Hum. Genet
, 1998
"... Multipoint linkage analysis of quantitativetrait loci (QTLs) has previously been restricted to sibships and small pedigrees. In this article, we show how variancecomponent linkage methods can be used in pedigrees of arbitrary size and complexity, and we develop a general framework for multipoint i ..."
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Cited by 567 (60 self)
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identitybydescent (IBD) probability calculations. We extend the sibpair multipoint mapping approach of Fulker et al. to general relative pairs. This multipoint IBD method uses the proportion of alleles shared identical by descent at genotyped loci to estimate IBD sharing at arbitrary points along a
Longitudinal data analysis using generalized linear models”.
 Biometrika,
, 1986
"... SUMMARY This paper proposes an extension of generalized linear models to the analysis of longitudinal data. We introduce a class of estimating equations that give consistent estimates of the regression parameters and of their variance under mild assumptions about the time dependence. The estimating ..."
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Cited by 1526 (8 self)
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SUMMARY This paper proposes an extension of generalized linear models to the analysis of longitudinal data. We introduce a class of estimating equations that give consistent estimates of the regression parameters and of their variance under mild assumptions about the time dependence
Relations between the statistics of natural images and the response properties of cortical cells
 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A
, 1987
"... The relative efficiency of any particular imagecoding scheme should be defined only in relation to the class of images that the code is likely to encounter. To understand the representation of images by the mammalian visual system, it might therefore be useful to consider the statistics of images f ..."
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Cited by 831 (18 self)
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relatively high signaltonoise ratio and permits information to be transmitted with only a subset of the total number of cells. These results support Barlow's theory that the goal of natural vision is to represent the information in the natural environment with minimal redundancy.
AttitudeBehavior Relations: A Theoretical Analysis and
 Review of Empirical Research, Psychological Bulletin
, 1977
"... Research on the relation between attitude and behavior is examined in light of the correspondence between attitudinal and behavioral entities. Such entities are defined by their target, action, context, and time elements. A review of available empirical research supports the contention that strong a ..."
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Cited by 503 (3 self)
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psychological literature. Reports of rather low or nonsignificant relations between attitudinal predictors and behavioral criteria have been accumulating for more than 40 years (cf. Wicker, 1969). These negative findings led many investigators to reconsider the nature of the attitude
Results 1  10
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275,228