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96,767
Clustering by passing messages between data points
 Science
, 2007
"... Clustering data by identifying a subset of representative examples is important for processing sensory signals and detecting patterns in data. Such “exemplars ” can be found by randomly choosing an initial subset of data points and then iteratively refining it, but this works well only if that initi ..."
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Cited by 696 (8 self)
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Clustering data by identifying a subset of representative examples is important for processing sensory signals and detecting patterns in data. Such “exemplars ” can be found by randomly choosing an initial subset of data points and then iteratively refining it, but this works well only
What is Twitter, a Social Network or a News Media?
"... Twitter, a microblogging service less than three years old, commands more than 41 million users as of July 2009 and is growing fast. Twitter users tweet about any topic within the 140character limit and follow others to receive their tweets. The goal of this paper is to study the topological charac ..."
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Cited by 991 (12 self)
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characteristics of Twitter and its power as a new medium of information sharing. We have crawled the entire Twitter site and obtained 41.7 million user profiles, 1.47 billion social relations, 4, 262 trending topics, and 106 million tweets. In its followerfollowing topology analysis we have found a non
Design of capacityapproaching irregular lowdensity paritycheck codes
 IEEE TRANS. INFORM. THEORY
, 2001
"... We design lowdensity paritycheck (LDPC) codes that perform at rates extremely close to the Shannon capacity. The codes are built from highly irregular bipartite graphs with carefully chosen degree patterns on both sides. Our theoretical analysis of the codes is based on [1]. Assuming that the unde ..."
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Cited by 588 (6 self)
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We design lowdensity paritycheck (LDPC) codes that perform at rates extremely close to the Shannon capacity. The codes are built from highly irregular bipartite graphs with carefully chosen degree patterns on both sides. Our theoretical analysis of the codes is based on [1]. Assuming
Nonnegative matrix factorization with sparseness constraints,”
 Journal of Machine Learning Research,
, 2004
"... Abstract Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) is a recently developed technique for finding partsbased, linear representations of nonnegative data. Although it has successfully been applied in several applications, it does not always result in partsbased representations. In this paper, we sho ..."
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Cited by 498 (0 self)
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show how explicitly incorporating the notion of 'sparseness' improves the found decompositions. Additionally, we provide complete MATLAB code both for standard NMF and for our extension. Our hope is that this will further the application of these methods to solving novel dataanalysis
Singularity Detection And Processing With Wavelets
 IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
, 1992
"... Most of a signal information is often found in irregular structures and transient phenomena. We review the mathematical characterization of singularities with Lipschitz exponents. The main theorems that estimate local Lipschitz exponents of functions, from the evolution across scales of their wavele ..."
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Cited by 595 (13 self)
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Most of a signal information is often found in irregular structures and transient phenomena. We review the mathematical characterization of singularities with Lipschitz exponents. The main theorems that estimate local Lipschitz exponents of functions, from the evolution across scales
The "Independent Components" of Natural Scenes are Edge Filters
, 1997
"... It has previously been suggested that neurons with line and edge selectivities found in primary visual cortex of cats and monkeys form a sparse, distributed representation of natural scenes, and it has been reasoned that such responses should emerge from an unsupervised learning algorithm that attem ..."
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Cited by 617 (29 self)
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It has previously been suggested that neurons with line and edge selectivities found in primary visual cortex of cats and monkeys form a sparse, distributed representation of natural scenes, and it has been reasoned that such responses should emerge from an unsupervised learning algorithm
Data cube: A relational aggregation operator generalizing groupby, crosstab, and subtotals
, 1996
"... Abstract. Data analysis applications typically aggregate data across many dimensions looking for anomalies or unusual patterns. The SQL aggregate functions and the GROUP BY operator produce zerodimensional or onedimensional aggregates. Applications need the Ndimensional generalization of these op ..."
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Cited by 860 (11 self)
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Abstract. Data analysis applications typically aggregate data across many dimensions looking for anomalies or unusual patterns. The SQL aggregate functions and the GROUP BY operator produce zerodimensional or onedimensional aggregates. Applications need the Ndimensional generalization
A MetaAnalytic Review of Experiments Examining the Effects of Extrinsic Rewards on Intrinsic Motivation
"... A metaanalysis of 128 studies examined the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation. As predicted, engagementcontingent, completioncontingent, and performancecontingent rewards significantly undermined freechoice intrinsic motivation (d =0.40,0.36, and0.28, respectively), as did ..."
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Cited by 664 (18 self)
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A metaanalysis of 128 studies examined the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation. As predicted, engagementcontingent, completioncontingent, and performancecontingent rewards significantly undermined freechoice intrinsic motivation (d =0.40,0.36, and0.28, respectively
Verbal reports as data
 Psychological Review
, 1980
"... The central proposal of this article is that verbal reports are data. Accounting for verbal reports, as for other kinds of data, requires explication of the mechanisms by which the reports are generated, and the ways in which they are sensitive to experimental factors (instructions, tasks, etc.). W ..."
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Cited by 513 (3 self)
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information is shown to affect cognitive processes only if the instructions require verbalization of information that would not otherwise be attended to. From an analysis of what would be in STM at the time of report, the model predicts what can reliably be reported. The inaccurate reports found by other
Estimating the Support of a HighDimensional Distribution
, 1999
"... Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We propo ..."
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Cited by 783 (29 self)
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of the weight vector in an associated feature space. The expansion coefficients are found by solving a quadratic programming problem, which we do by carrying out sequential optimization over pairs of input patterns. We also provide a preliminary theoretical analysis of the statistical performance of our
Results 11  20
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96,767