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Overlapping Generations, Intermediation, and the First Welfare Theorem
 Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
, 1991
"... The First Welfare Theorem fails to hold for standard pure exchange overlapping generations economies because no agent exploits the profit opportunities which can arise from mediating intertemporal trade. This paper modifies the standard economy by introducing an optimizing corporate intermediary whi ..."
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Cited by 9 (8 self)
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The First Welfare Theorem fails to hold for standard pure exchange overlapping generations economies because no agent exploits the profit opportunities which can arise from mediating intertemporal trade. This paper modifies the standard economy by introducing an optimizing corporate intermediary
StrategyProofness and Arrow’s Conditions: Existence and Correspondence Theorems for Voting Procedures and Social Welfare Functions
 J. Econ. Theory
, 1975
"... Consider a committee which must select one alternative from a set of three or more alternatives. Committee members each cast a ballot which the voting procedure counts. The voting procedure is strategyproof if it always induces every committee member to cast a ballot revealing his preference. I pro ..."
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Cited by 542 (0 self)
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prove three theorems. First, every strategyproof voting procedure is dictatorial. Second, this paper’s strategyproofness condition for voting procedures corresponds to Arrow’s rationality, independence of irrelevant alternatives, nonnegative response, and citizens ’ sovereignty conditions for social
The complexity of theoremproving procedures
 IN STOC
, 1971
"... It is shown that any recognition problem solved by a polynomial timebounded nondeterministic Turing machine can be “reduced” to the problem of determining whether a given propositional formula is a tautology. Here “reduced ” means, roughly speaking, that the first problem can be solved deterministi ..."
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Cited by 1057 (4 self)
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It is shown that any recognition problem solved by a polynomial timebounded nondeterministic Turing machine can be “reduced” to the problem of determining whether a given propositional formula is a tautology. Here “reduced ” means, roughly speaking, that the first problem can be solved
Modular elliptic curves and Fermat’s Last Theorem
 ANNALS OF MATH
, 1995
"... When Andrew John Wiles was 10 years old, he read Eric Temple Bell’s The Last Problem and was so impressed by it that he decided that he would be the first person to prove Fermat’s Last Theorem. This theorem states that there are no nonzero integers a, b, c, n with n> 2 such that a n + b n = c n ..."
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Cited by 612 (1 self)
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When Andrew John Wiles was 10 years old, he read Eric Temple Bell’s The Last Problem and was so impressed by it that he decided that he would be the first person to prove Fermat’s Last Theorem. This theorem states that there are no nonzero integers a, b, c, n with n> 2 such that a n + b n = c
Good News and Bad News: Representation Theorems and Applications
 Bell Journal of Economics
"... prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, noncommercial use. Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtai ..."
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Cited by 684 (3 self)
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prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, noncommercial use. Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained at
The Foundation of a Generic Theorem Prover
 Journal of Automated Reasoning
, 1989
"... Isabelle [28, 30] is an interactive theorem prover that supports a variety of logics. It represents rules as propositions (not as functions) and builds proofs by combining rules. These operations constitute a metalogic (or `logical framework') in which the objectlogics are formalized. Isabell ..."
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Cited by 471 (49 self)
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Isabelle [28, 30] is an interactive theorem prover that supports a variety of logics. It represents rules as propositions (not as functions) and builds proofs by combining rules. These operations constitute a metalogic (or `logical framework') in which the objectlogics are formalized
A Theory of Diagnosis from First Principles
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
, 1987
"... Suppose one is given a description of a system, together with an observation of the system's behaviour which conflicts with the way the system is meant to behave. The diagnostic problem is to determine those components of the system which, when assumed to be functioning abnormally, will explain ..."
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Cited by 1117 (5 self)
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, will explain the discrepancy between the observed and correct system behaviour. We propose a general theory for this problem. The theory requires only that the system be described in a suitable logic. Moreover, there are many such suitable logics, e.g. firstorder, temporal, dynamic, etc. As a result
An introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and its Applications: Preface to the First Edition
, 1997
"... This document has been prepared using the L a T E X system. We thank Donald Knuth for T E X, Leslie Lamport for L a T E X, and Jan van der Steen at CWI for online help. Some figures were prepared by John Tromp using the xpic program. The London Mathematical Society kindly gave permission to reproduc ..."
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Cited by 2143 (120 self)
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This document has been prepared using the L a T E X system. We thank Donald Knuth for T E X, Leslie Lamport for L a T E X, and Jan van der Steen at CWI for online help. Some figures were prepared by John Tromp using the xpic program. The London Mathematical Society kindly gave permission to reproduce a long extract by A.M. Turing. The Indian Statistical Institute, through the editor of Sankhy¯a, kindly gave permission to quote A.N. Kolmogorov. We gratefully acknowledge the financial support by NSF Grant DCR8606366, ONR Grant N0001485k0445, ARO Grant DAAL0386K0171, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada through operating grants OGP0036747, OGP046506, and International Scientific Exchange Awards ISE0046203, ISE0125663, and NWO Grant NF 62376. The book was conceived in late Spring 1986 in the Valley of the Moon in Sonoma County, California. The actual writing lasted on and off from autumn 1987 until summer 1993. One of us [PV] gives very special thanks to his lovely wife Pauline for insisting from the outset on the significance of this enterprise. The Aiken Computation Laboratory of Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; the Computer Science Department of York University, Ontario, Canada; the Computer Science Department of the University xii of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada; and CWI, Amsterdam, the Netherlands provided the working environments in which this book could be written. Preface to the Second Edition
A Separator Theorem for Planar Graphs
, 1977
"... Let G be any nvertex planar graph. We prove that the vertices of G can be partitioned into three sets A, B, C such that no edge joins a vertex in A with a vertex in B, neither A nor B contains more than 2n/3 vertices, and C contains no more than 2& & vertices. We exhibit an algorithm which ..."
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Cited by 465 (1 self)
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Let G be any nvertex planar graph. We prove that the vertices of G can be partitioned into three sets A, B, C such that no edge joins a vertex in A with a vertex in B, neither A nor B contains more than 2n/3 vertices, and C contains no more than 2& & vertices. We exhibit an algorithm which finds such a partition A, B, C in O(n) time.
Results 1  10
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