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A Theory of Diagnosis from First Principles
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
, 1987
"... Suppose one is given a description of a system, together with an observation of the system's behaviour which conflicts with the way the system is meant to behave. The diagnostic problem is to determine those components of the system which, when assumed to be functioning abnormally, will explain ..."
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Cited by 1117 (5 self)
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, will explain the discrepancy between the observed and correct system behaviour. We propose a general theory for this problem. The theory requires only that the system be described in a suitable logic. Moreover, there are many such suitable logics, e.g. firstorder, temporal, dynamic, etc. As a result
Ktheory for operator algebras
 Mathematical Sciences Research Institute Publications
, 1998
"... p. XII line5: since p. 12: I blew this simple formula: should be α = −〈ξ, η〉/〈η, η〉. p. 2 I.1.1.4: The RieszFischer Theorem is often stated this way today, but neither Riesz nor Fischer (who worked independently) phrased it in terms of completeness of the orthogonal system {e int}. If [a, b] is a ..."
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Cited by 559 (0 self)
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is nonseparable. In fact, I. Farah (private communication) has shown that a Hilbert space of dimension 2ℵ0 has a dense subspace which does not contain any uncountable orthonormal set. A similar example was obtained by Dixmier [Dix53]. p. 89 I.2.4.3(i): Some of the statements on p. 9 can be false if the measure
Ontology Development 101: A Guide to Creating Your First Ontology
, 2001
"... In recent years the development of ontologies—explicit formal specifications of the terms in the domain and relations among them (Gruber 1993)—has been moving from the realm of ArtificialIntelligence laboratories to the desktops of domain experts. Ontologies have become common on the WorldWide Web ..."
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Cited by 806 (5 self)
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Wide Web. The ontologies on the Web range from large taxonomies categorizing Web sites (such as on Yahoo!) to categorizations of products for sale and their features (such as on Amazon.com). The WWW Consortium (W3C) is developing the Resource Description Framework (Brickley and Guha 1999), a language
Numerical integration of the Cartesian equations of motion of a system with constraints: molecular dynamics of nalkanes
 J. Comput. Phys
, 1977
"... A numerical algorithm integrating the 3N Cartesian equations of motion of a system of N points subject to holonomic constraints is formulated. The relations of constraint remain perfectly fulfilled at each step of the trajectory despite the approximate character of numerical integration. The method ..."
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Cited by 682 (6 self)
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(MD), which has been widely used in the past for studying simple liquids and solids, has more recently been applied to molecular systems with internal degrees of freedom such as N, [l], H,O [2] and even C,H,, [3]. In applying the MD method three problems arise: (a) the choice of a suitable mechanical
Fast Parallel Algorithms for ShortRange Molecular Dynamics
 JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS
, 1995
"... Three parallel algorithms for classical molecular dynamics are presented. The first assigns each processor a fixed subset of atoms; the second assigns each a fixed subset of interatomic forces to compute; the third assigns each a fixed spatial region. The algorithms are suitable for molecular dyn ..."
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Cited by 622 (6 self)
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. The algorithms are tested on a standard LennardJones benchmark problem for system sizes ranging from 500 to 100,000,000 atoms on several parallel supercomputers  the nCUBE 2, Intel iPSC/860 and Paragon, and Cray T3D. Comparing the results to the fastest reported vectorized Cray YMP and C90 algorithm shows
The Semantics Of Constraint Logic Programs
 JOURNAL OF LOGIC PROGRAMMING
, 1996
"... This paper presents for the first time the semantic foundations of CLP in a selfcontained and complete package. The main contributions are threefold. First, we extend the original conference paper by presenting definitions and basic semantic constructs from first principles, giving new and comp ..."
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Cited by 872 (14 self)
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This paper presents for the first time the semantic foundations of CLP in a selfcontained and complete package. The main contributions are threefold. First, we extend the original conference paper by presenting definitions and basic semantic constructs from first principles, giving new
The Perceptron: A Probabilistic Model for Information Storage and Organization in The Brain
 Psychological Review
, 1958
"... If we are eventually to understand the capability of higher organisms for perceptual recognition, generalization, recall, and thinking, we must first have answers to three fundamental questions: 1. How is information about the physical world sensed, or detected, by the biological system? 2. In what ..."
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Cited by 1143 (0 self)
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If we are eventually to understand the capability of higher organisms for perceptual recognition, generalization, recall, and thinking, we must first have answers to three fundamental questions: 1. How is information about the physical world sensed, or detected, by the biological system? 2. In what
Fast Folding and Comparison of RNA Secondary Structures (The Vienna RNA Package)
"... Computer codes for computation and comparison of RNA secondary structures, the Vienna RNA package, are presented, that are based on dynamic programming algorithms and aim at predictions of structures with minimum free energies as well as at computations of the equilibrium partition functions and bas ..."
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Cited by 812 (119 self)
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and base pairing probabilities. An efficient heuristic for the inverse folding problem of RNA is introduced. In addition we present compact and efficient programs for the comparison of RNA secondary structures based on tree editing and alignment. All computer codes are written in ANSI C. They include
Concurrent Constraint Programming
, 1993
"... This paper presents a new and very rich class of (concurrent) programming languages, based on the notion of comput.ing with parhal information, and the concommitant notions of consistency and entailment. ’ In this framework, computation emerges from the interaction of concurrently executing agent ..."
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Cited by 502 (16 self)
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This paper presents a new and very rich class of (concurrent) programming languages, based on the notion of comput.ing with parhal information, and the concommitant notions of consistency and entailment. ’ In this framework, computation emerges from the interaction of concurrently executing
SNOPT: An SQP Algorithm For LargeScale Constrained Optimization
, 2002
"... Sequential quadratic programming (SQP) methods have proved highly effective for solving constrained optimization problems with smooth nonlinear functions in the objective and constraints. Here we consider problems with general inequality constraints (linear and nonlinear). We assume that first deriv ..."
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Cited by 582 (23 self)
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Sequential quadratic programming (SQP) methods have proved highly effective for solving constrained optimization problems with smooth nonlinear functions in the objective and constraints. Here we consider problems with general inequality constraints (linear and nonlinear). We assume that first
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