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A Theory of Diagnosis from First Principles
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
, 1987
"... Suppose one is given a description of a system, together with an observation of the system's behaviour which conflicts with the way the system is meant to behave. The diagnostic problem is to determine those components of the system which, when assumed to be functioning abnormally, will explain ..."
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Cited by 1120 (5 self)
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Suppose one is given a description of a system, together with an observation of the system's behaviour which conflicts with the way the system is meant to behave. The diagnostic problem is to determine those components of the system which, when assumed to be functioning abnormally
A review of image denoising algorithms, with a new one
 SIMUL
, 2005
"... The search for efficient image denoising methods is still a valid challenge at the crossing of functional analysis and statistics. In spite of the sophistication of the recently proposed methods, most algorithms have not yet attained a desirable level of applicability. All show an outstanding perf ..."
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Cited by 508 (6 self)
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performance when the image model corresponds to the algorithm assumptions but fail in general and create artifacts or remove image fine structures. The main focus of this paper is, first, to define a general mathematical and experimental methodology to compare and classify classical image denoising algorithms
An introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and its Applications: Preface to the First Edition
, 1997
"... This document has been prepared using the L a T E X system. We thank Donald Knuth for T E X, Leslie Lamport for L a T E X, and Jan van der Steen at CWI for online help. Some figures were prepared by John Tromp using the xpic program. The London Mathematical Society kindly gave permission to reproduc ..."
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Cited by 2138 (120 self)
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on and off from autumn 1987 until summer 1993. One of us [PV] gives very special thanks to his lovely wife Pauline for insisting from the outset on the significance of this enterprise. The Aiken Computation Laboratory of Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; the Computer Science Department
Face recognition: features versus templates
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 1993
"... Over the last 20 years, several different techniques have been proposed for computer recognition of human faces. The purpose of this paper is to compare two simple but general strategies on a common database (frontal images of faces of 47 people: 26 males and 21 females, four images per person). We ..."
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Cited by 749 (25 self)
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). We have developed and implemented two new algorithms; the first one is based on the computation of a set of geometrical features, such as nose width and length, mouth position, and chin shape, and the second one is based on almostgreylevel template matching. The results obtained on the testing sets
Finitetime analysis of the multiarmed bandit problem
 Machine Learning
, 2002
"... Abstract. Reinforcement learning policies face the exploration versus exploitation dilemma, i.e. the search for a balance between exploring the environment to find profitable actions while taking the empirically best action as often as possible. A popular measure of a policy’s success in addressing ..."
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Cited by 817 (15 self)
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this dilemma is the regret, that is the loss due to the fact that the globally optimal policy is not followed all the times. One of the simplest examples of the exploration/exploitation dilemma is the multiarmed bandit problem. Lai and Robbins were the first ones to show that the regret for this problem has
Theory of Elasticity,
, 1951
"... ABSTRACT The knowledge of the insitu stress field in rock masses is in general of crucial importance in various areas of geoengineering, such as mining or civil underground excavations, hydrocarbon extraction, CO2 storage, hydraulic fracture operations, etc. In the context of the Finite Element ..."
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Cited by 710 (1 self)
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Method, the insitu stress conditions should be incorporated in the analysis following the generation of the FE mesh and prior to the consideration of the actions due to the engineering design The method described in this paper involves basically two steps. In the first one a first estimate
Cumulated Gainbased Evaluation of IR Techniques
 ACM Transactions on Information Systems
, 2002
"... Modem large retrieval environments tend to overwhelm their users by their large output. Since all documents are not of equal relevance to their users, highly relevant documents should be identified and ranked first for presentation to the users. In order to develop IR techniques to this direction, i ..."
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Cited by 694 (3 self)
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. Alternatively, novel measures based on graded relevance assessments may be developed. This paper proposes three novel measures that compute the cumulative gain the user obtains by examining the retrieval result up to a given ranked position. The first one accumulates the relevance scores of retrieved documents
Similarity of Color Images
, 1995
"... We describe two new color indexing techniques. The first one is a more robust version of the commonly used color histogram indexing. In the index we store the cumulative color histograms. The L 1 , L 2 , or L1 distance between two cumulative color histograms can be used to define a similarity mea ..."
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Cited by 495 (2 self)
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We describe two new color indexing techniques. The first one is a more robust version of the commonly used color histogram indexing. In the index we store the cumulative color histograms. The L 1 , L 2 , or L1 distance between two cumulative color histograms can be used to define a similarity
A Morphable Model For The Synthesis Of 3D Faces
, 1999
"... In this paper, a new technique for modeling textured 3D faces is introduced. 3D faces can either be generated automatically from one or more photographs, or modeled directly through an intuitive user interface. Users are assisted in two key problems of computer aided face modeling. First, new face i ..."
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Cited by 1088 (55 self)
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In this paper, a new technique for modeling textured 3D faces is introduced. 3D faces can either be generated automatically from one or more photographs, or modeled directly through an intuitive user interface. Users are assisted in two key problems of computer aided face modeling. First, new face
Markov Logic Networks
 MACHINE LEARNING
, 2006
"... We propose a simple approach to combining firstorder logic and probabilistic graphical models in a single representation. A Markov logic network (MLN) is a firstorder knowledge base with a weight attached to each formula (or clause). Together with a set of constants representing objects in the ..."
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Cited by 816 (39 self)
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in the domain, it specifies a ground Markov network containing one feature for each possible grounding of a firstorder formula in the KB, with the corresponding weight. Inference in MLNs is performed by MCMC over the minimal subset of the ground network required for answering the query. Weights are efficiently
Results 1  10
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