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Block Substitutions and Their Properties
, 2006
"... We introduce a type of substitution operation inspired by errors occurring in biologically encoded information. We derive the closure properties of language families in the Chomsky hierarchy under these substitution operations. Moreover, we consider some language equations involving these operation ..."
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Cited by 3 (2 self)
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We introduce a type of substitution operation inspired by errors occurring in biologically encoded information. We derive the closure properties of language families in the Chomsky hierarchy under these substitution operations. Moreover, we consider some language equations involving
Block Substitution, Part 2: Initial Patterns, Substitution Blocks, and Color
, 2002
"... The first article on block substitution [1] mentioned several possible generalizations to the basic scheme. This article explores variations on initial patterns and substitution blocks, as well as color. The Initial Pattern In the basic model of block substitution, the initial pattern is a single ce ..."
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The first article on block substitution [1] mentioned several possible generalizations to the basic scheme. This article explores variations on initial patterns and substitution blocks, as well as color. The Initial Pattern In the basic model of block substitution, the initial pattern is a single
Block Substitution, Part 1: Basic Concepts
"... Intuition tells us that it takes a complex system to produce complex results. This intuition turns out to be incorrect: Very complex results can be produced by simple systems in which simple rules are applied repeatedly and in parallel [1]. This phenomenon is seen in drawdown automata [2] and LSyst ..."
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Systems [3, 4]. This article describes another kind of system in which complex patterns can be produced by applying very simple rules over and over again. The technique is called block substitution [1]. This example dramatically illustrates that complex and surprising patterns can result from the repeated
Iterative decoding of binary block and convolutional codes
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 1996
"... Abstract Iterative decoding of twodimensional systematic convolutional codes has been termed “turbo ” (de)coding. Using loglikelihood algebra, we show that any decoder can he used which accepts soft inputsincluding a priori valuesand delivers soft outputs that can he split into three terms: the ..."
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Cited by 600 (43 self)
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: the soft channel and a priori inputs, and the extrinsic value. The extrinsic value is used as an a priori value for the next iteration. Decoding algorithms in the loglikelihood domain are given not only for convolutional codes hut also for any linear binary systematic block code. The iteration
Widearea cooperative storage with CFS
, 2001
"... The Cooperative File System (CFS) is a new peertopeer readonly storage system that provides provable guarantees for the efficiency, robustness, and loadbalance of file storage and retrieval. CFS does this with a completely decentralized architecture that can scale to large systems. CFS servers pr ..."
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Cited by 1009 (56 self)
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provide a distributed hash table (DHash) for block storage. CFS clients interpret DHash blocks as a file system. DHash distributes and caches blocks at a fine granularity to achieve load balance, uses replication for robustness, and decreases latency with server selection. DHash finds blocks using
Guarded Commands, Nondeterminacy and Formal Derivation of Programs
, 1975
"... Socalled "guarded commands" are introduced as a building block for alternative and repetitive constructs that allow nondeterministic program components for which at least the activity evoked, but possibly even the final state, is not necessarily uniqilely determined by the initial state. ..."
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Cited by 521 (0 self)
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Socalled "guarded commands" are introduced as a building block for alternative and repetitive constructs that allow nondeterministic program components for which at least the activity evoked, but possibly even the final state, is not necessarily uniqilely determined by the initial state
The theory and practice of corporate finance: Evidence from the field
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 2001
"... We survey 392 CFOs about the cost of capital, capital budgeting, and capital structure. Large firms rely heavily on present value techniques and the capital asset pricing model, while small firms are relatively likely to use the payback criterion. We find that a surprising number of firms use their ..."
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Cited by 680 (20 self)
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order and tradeoff capital structure hypotheses but little evidence that executives are concerned about asset substitution, asymmetric information, transactions costs, free cash flows, or personal taxes. Key words: capital structure, cost of capital, cost of equity, capital budgeting, discount rates, project
A simple transmit diversity technique for wireless communications
 IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
, 1998
"... Abstract — This paper presents a simple twobranch transmit diversity scheme. Using two transmit antennas and one receive antenna the scheme provides the same diversity order as maximalratio receiver combining (MRRC) with one transmit antenna, and two receive antennas. It is also shown that the sch ..."
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Cited by 2084 (0 self)
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processing, baseband processing, diversity, estimation and detection, fade mitigation, maximalratio combining, Rayleigh fading, smart antennas, space block coding, space–time coding, transmit diversity, wireless communications. I.
The synchronous dataflow programming language LUSTRE
 Proceedings of the IEEE
, 1991
"... This paper describes the language Lustre, which is a dataflow synchronous language, designed for programming reactive systems  such as automatic control and monitoring systems  as well as for describing hardware. The dataflow aspect of Lustre makes it very close to usual description tools in t ..."
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Cited by 647 (53 self)
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in these domains (blockdiagrams, networks of operators, dynamical samplessystems, etc: : : ), and its synchronous interpretation makes it well suited for handling time in programs. Moreover, this synchronous interpretation allows it to be compiled into an efficient sequential program. Finally, the Lustre
Nonparametric estimation of average treatment effects under exogeneity: a review
 REVIEW OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS
, 2004
"... Recently there has been a surge in econometric work focusing on estimating average treatment effects under various sets of assumptions. One strand of this literature has developed methods for estimating average treatment effects for a binary treatment under assumptions variously described as exogen ..."
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Cited by 597 (26 self)
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, matching, methods using the propensity score such as weighting and blocking, and combinations of these approaches. In this paper I review the state of this
Results 1  10
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