Results 1  10
of
167,744
Unsupervised learning of finite mixture models
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 2002
"... This paper proposes an unsupervised algorithm for learning a finite mixture model from multivariate data. The adjective ªunsupervisedº is justified by two properties of the algorithm: 1) it is capable of selecting the number of components and 2) unlike the standard expectationmaximization (EM) alg ..."
Abstract

Cited by 415 (22 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper proposes an unsupervised algorithm for learning a finite mixture model from multivariate data. The adjective ªunsupervisedº is justified by two properties of the algorithm: 1) it is capable of selecting the number of components and 2) unlike the standard expectationmaximization (EM
Speaker verification using Adapted Gaussian mixture models
 Digital Signal Processing
, 2000
"... In this paper we describe the major elements of MIT Lincoln Laboratory’s Gaussian mixture model (GMM)based speaker verification system used successfully in several NIST Speaker Recognition Evaluations (SREs). The system is built around the likelihood ratio test for verification, using simple but ef ..."
Abstract

Cited by 976 (42 self)
 Add to MetaCart
In this paper we describe the major elements of MIT Lincoln Laboratory’s Gaussian mixture model (GMM)based speaker verification system used successfully in several NIST Speaker Recognition Evaluations (SREs). The system is built around the likelihood ratio test for verification, using simple
Mixtures of Probabilistic Principal Component Analysers
, 1998
"... Principal component analysis (PCA) is one of the most popular techniques for processing, compressing and visualising data, although its effectiveness is limited by its global linearity. While nonlinear variants of PCA have been proposed, an alternative paradigm is to capture data complexity by a com ..."
Abstract

Cited by 537 (6 self)
 Add to MetaCart
maximumlikelihood framework, based on a specific form of Gaussian latent variable model. This leads to a welldefined mixture model for probabilistic principal component analysers, whose parameters can be determined using an EM algorithm. We discuss the advantages of this model in the context
Image denoising using a scale mixture of Gaussians in the wavelet domain
 IEEE TRANS IMAGE PROCESSING
, 2003
"... We describe a method for removing noise from digital images, based on a statistical model of the coefficients of an overcomplete multiscale oriented basis. Neighborhoods of coefficients at adjacent positions and scales are modeled as the product of two independent random variables: a Gaussian vecto ..."
Abstract

Cited by 514 (17 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We describe a method for removing noise from digital images, based on a statistical model of the coefficients of an overcomplete multiscale oriented basis. Neighborhoods of coefficients at adjacent positions and scales are modeled as the product of two independent random variables: a Gaussian
A gentle tutorial on the EM algorithm and its application to parameter estimation for gaussian mixture and hidden markov models
, 1997
"... We describe the maximumlikelihood parameter estimation problem and how the Expectationform of the EM algorithm as it is often given in the literature. We then develop the EM parameter estimation procedure for two applications: 1) finding the parameters of a mixture of Gaussian densities, and 2) fi ..."
Abstract

Cited by 678 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
) finding the parameters of a hidden Markov model (HMM) (i.e., the BaumWelch algorithm) for both discrete and Gaussian mixture observation models. We derive the update equations in fairly explicit detail but we do not prove any convergence properties. We try to emphasize intuition rather than mathematical
Unsupervised Learning by Probabilistic Latent Semantic Analysis
 Machine Learning
, 2001
"... Abstract. This paper presents a novel statistical method for factor analysis of binary and count data which is closely related to a technique known as Latent Semantic Analysis. In contrast to the latter method which stems from linear algebra and performs a Singular Value Decomposition of cooccurren ..."
Abstract

Cited by 612 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
occurrence tables, the proposed technique uses a generative latent class model to perform a probabilistic mixture decomposition. This results in a more principled approach with a solid foundation in statistical inference. More precisely, we propose to make use of a temperature controlled version of the Expectation
Blind Beamforming for Non Gaussian Signals
 IEE ProceedingsF
, 1993
"... This paper considers an application of blind identification to beamforming. The key point is to use estimates of directional vectors rather than resorting to their hypothesized value. By using estimates of the directional vectors obtained via blind identification i.e. without knowing the arrray mani ..."
Abstract

Cited by 704 (31 self)
 Add to MetaCart
manifold, beamforming is made robust with respect to array deformations, distortion of the wave front, pointing errors, etc ... so that neither array calibration nor physical modeling are necessary. Rather surprisingly, `blind beamformers' may outperform `informed beamformers' in a plausible
On Bayesian analysis of mixtures with an unknown number of components
 INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS PROJECT ON INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION POLICY,&QUOT; COM/DAFFE/CLP/TD(94)42
, 1997
"... ..."
Probabilistic Visual Learning for Object Representation
, 1996
"... We present an unsupervised technique for visual learning which is based on density estimation in highdimensional spaces using an eigenspace decomposition. Two types of density estimates are derived for modeling the training data: a multivariate Gaussian (for unimodal distributions) and a Mixtureof ..."
Abstract

Cited by 705 (15 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We present an unsupervised technique for visual learning which is based on density estimation in highdimensional spaces using an eigenspace decomposition. Two types of density estimates are derived for modeling the training data: a multivariate Gaussian (for unimodal distributions) and a MixtureofGaussians
Active Learning with Statistical Models
, 1995
"... For manytypes of learners one can compute the statistically "optimal" way to select data. We review how these techniques have been used with feedforward neural networks [MacKay, 1992# Cohn, 1994]. We then showhow the same principles may be used to select data for two alternative, statist ..."
Abstract

Cited by 677 (12 self)
 Add to MetaCart
, statisticallybased learning architectures: mixtures of Gaussians and locally weighted regression. While the techniques for neural networks are expensive and approximate, the techniques for mixtures of Gaussians and locally weighted regression are both efficient and accurate.
Results 1  10
of
167,744