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Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1787 (72 self)
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computational rule, the sumproduct algorithm operates in factor graphs to computeeither exactly or approximatelyvarious marginal functions by distributed messagepassing in the graph. A wide variety of algorithms developed in artificial intelligence, signal processing, and digital communications can
Locally weighted learning
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE REVIEW
, 1997
"... This paper surveys locally weighted learning, a form of lazy learning and memorybased learning, and focuses on locally weighted linear regression. The survey discusses distance functions, smoothing parameters, weighting functions, local model structures, regularization of the estimates and bias, ass ..."
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Cited by 594 (53 self)
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This paper surveys locally weighted learning, a form of lazy learning and memorybased learning, and focuses on locally weighted linear regression. The survey discusses distance functions, smoothing parameters, weighting functions, local model structures, regularization of the estimates and bias
Predicting Transmembrane Protein Topology with a Hidden Markov Model: Application to Complete Genomes
 J. MOL. BIOL
, 2001
"... ..."
Internet time synchronization: The network time protocol
, 1989
"... This memo describes the Network Time Protocol (NTP) designed to distribute time information in a large, diverse internet system operating at speeds from mundane to lightwave. It uses a returnabletime architecture in which a distributed subnet of time servers operating in a selforganizing, hierarchi ..."
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Cited by 617 (15 self)
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This memo describes the Network Time Protocol (NTP) designed to distribute time information in a large, diverse internet system operating at speeds from mundane to lightwave. It uses a returnabletime architecture in which a distributed subnet of time servers operating in a self
Time Discounting and Time Preference: A Critical Review
 Journal of Economic Literature
, 2002
"... www.people.cornell.edu/pages/edo1/. ..."
Actions as spacetime shapes
 In ICCV
, 2005
"... Human action in video sequences can be seen as silhouettes of a moving torso and protruding limbs undergoing articulated motion. We regard human actions as threedimensional shapes induced by the silhouettes in the spacetime volume. We adopt a recent approach [14] for analyzing 2D shapes and genera ..."
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Cited by 642 (4 self)
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Human action in video sequences can be seen as silhouettes of a moving torso and protruding limbs undergoing articulated motion. We regard human actions as threedimensional shapes induced by the silhouettes in the spacetime volume. We adopt a recent approach [14] for analyzing 2D shapes
Termweighting approaches in automatic text retrieval
 INFORMATION PROCESSING AND MANAGEMENT
, 1988
"... The experimental evidence accumulated over the past 20 years indicates that text indexing systems based on the assignment of appropriately weighted single terms produce retrieval results that are superior to those obtainable with other more elaborate text representations. These results depend crucia ..."
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Cited by 2159 (10 self)
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The experimental evidence accumulated over the past 20 years indicates that text indexing systems based on the assignment of appropriately weighted single terms produce retrieval results that are superior to those obtainable with other more elaborate text representations. These results depend
The Complete Atomic Structure of the Large Ribosomal Subunit at 2.4 Å Resolution
 Science
, 2000
"... ation, and termination phases of protein synthesis. Because the structures of several DNA and RNA polymerases have been determined at atomic resolution, the mechanisms of DNA and RNA synthesis are both well understood. Determination of the structure of the ribosome, however, has proven a daunting t ..."
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Cited by 529 (13 self)
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task. It is several times larger than the largest polymerase, and 100 times larger than lysozyme, the first enzyme to be understood at atomic resolution. Until now an atomic resolution structure for the ribosome has not been available, and as a result the mechanism of protein synthesis has remained a
Okapi at TREC3
, 1996
"... this document length correction factor is #global": it is added at the end, after the weights for the individual terms have been summed, and is independentofwhich terms match. ..."
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Cited by 593 (5 self)
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this document length correction factor is #global": it is added at the end, after the weights for the individual terms have been summed, and is independentofwhich terms match.
Alternatingtime Temporal Logic
 Journal of the ACM
, 1997
"... Temporal logic comes in two varieties: lineartime temporal logic assumes implicit universal quantification over all paths that are generated by system moves; branchingtime temporal logic allows explicit existential and universal quantification over all paths. We introduce a third, more general var ..."
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Cited by 615 (55 self)
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Temporal logic comes in two varieties: lineartime temporal logic assumes implicit universal quantification over all paths that are generated by system moves; branchingtime temporal logic allows explicit existential and universal quantification over all paths. We introduce a third, more general
Results 1  10
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2,919,567