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2,818,160
Does Social Capital Have an Economic Payoff? A CrossCountry Investigation
 Quarterly Journal of Economics
, 1997
"... This paper presents evidence that “social capital ” matters for measurable economic performance, using indicators of trust and civic norms from the World Values Surveys for a sample of 29 market economies. Memberships in formal groups—Putnam’s measure of social capital—is not associated with trust o ..."
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Cited by 1335 (8 self)
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or with improved economic performance. We find trust and civic norms are stronger in nations with higher and more equal incomes, with institutions that restrain predatory actions of chief executives, and with bettereducated and ethnically homogeneous populations. I.
Monetary Policy Shocks: What Have we Learned and to What End?
, 1998
"... This paper reviews recent research that grapples with the question: What happens after an exogenous shock to monetary policy? We argue that this question is interesting because it lies at the center of a particular approach to assessing the empirical plausibility of structural economic models that c ..."
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Cited by 967 (25 self)
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effects of a monetary policy shock in the sense that inference is robust across a large subset of the identification schemes that have been considered in the literature. We document the nature of this agreement as
Optimization Flow Control, I: Basic Algorithm and Convergence
 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING
, 1999
"... We propose an optimization approach to flow control where the objective is to maximize the aggregate source utility over their transmission rates. We view network links and sources as processors of a distributed computation system to solve the dual problem using gradient projection algorithm. In thi ..."
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Cited by 690 (64 self)
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We propose an optimization approach to flow control where the objective is to maximize the aggregate source utility over their transmission rates. We view network links and sources as processors of a distributed computation system to solve the dual problem using gradient projection algorithm. In this system sources select transmission rates that maximize their own benefits, utility minus bandwidth cost, and network links adjust bandwidth prices to coordinate the sources' decisions. We allow feedback delays to be different, substantial and timevarying, and links and sources to update at different times and with different frequencies. We provide asynchronous distributed algorithms and prove their convergence in a static environment. We present measurements obtained from a preliminary prototype to illustrate the convergence of the algorithm in a slowly timevarying environment.
Debt, deficits and finite horizons
 Journal of Political Economy
, 1985
"... Weitzman have improved this paper. I thank NSF for financial ..."
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Cited by 579 (1 self)
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Weitzman have improved this paper. I thank NSF for financial
Basecalling of automated sequencer traces using phred. I. Accuracy Assessment
 GENOME RES
, 1998
"... The availability of massive amounts of DNA sequence information has begun to revolutionize the practice of biology. As a result, current largescale sequencing output, while impressive, is not adequate to keep pace with growing demand and, in particular, is far short of what will be required to obta ..."
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Cited by 1602 (4 self)
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The availability of massive amounts of DNA sequence information has begun to revolutionize the practice of biology. As a result, current largescale sequencing output, while impressive, is not adequate to keep pace with growing demand and, in particular, is far short of what will be required to obtain the 3billionbase human genome sequence by the target date of 2005. To reach this goal, improved automation will be essential, and it is particularly important that human involvement in sequence data processing be significantly reduced or eliminated. Progress in this respect will require both improved accuracy of the data processing software and reliable accuracy measures to reduce the need for human involvement in error correction and make human review more efficient. Here, we describe one step toward that goal: a basecalling program for automated sequencer traces, phred, with improved accuracy. phred appears to be the first basecalling program to achieve a lower error rate than the ABI software, averaging 40%–50 % fewer errors in the data sets examined independent of position in read, machine running conditions, or sequencing chemistry.
The Science of Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Perspective
 Journal of Economic Literature
, 1999
"... “Having looked at monetary policy from both sides now, I can testify that central banking in practice is as much art as science. Nonetheless, while practicing this dark art, I have always found the science quEite useful.” 2 Alan S. Blinder ..."
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Cited by 1809 (45 self)
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“Having looked at monetary policy from both sides now, I can testify that central banking in practice is as much art as science. Nonetheless, while practicing this dark art, I have always found the science quEite useful.” 2 Alan S. Blinder
Symbolic Model Checking without BDDs
, 1999
"... Symbolic Model Checking [3, 14] has proven to be a powerful technique for the verification of reactive systems. BDDs [2] have traditionally been used as a symbolic representation of the system. In this paper we show how boolean decision procedures, like Stalmarck's Method [16] or the Davis ..."
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Cited by 910 (74 self)
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which reduces model checking to propositional satisfiability. We show that bounded LTL model checking can be done without a tableau construction. We have implemented a model checker BMC, based on bounded model checking, and preliminary results are presented.
Hierarchical Models of Object Recognition in Cortex
, 1999
"... The classical model of visual processing in cortex is a hierarchy of increasingly sophisticated representations, extending in a natural way the model of simple to complex cells of Hubel and Wiesel. Somewhat surprisingly, little quantitative modeling has been done in the last 15 years to explore th ..."
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Cited by 817 (84 self)
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The classical model of visual processing in cortex is a hierarchy of increasingly sophisticated representations, extending in a natural way the model of simple to complex cells of Hubel and Wiesel. Somewhat surprisingly, little quantitative modeling has been done in the last 15 years to explore
Efficient semantic matching
, 2004
"... We think of Match as an operator which takes two graphlike structures and produces a mapping between semantically related nodes. We concentrate on classifications with tree structures. In semantic matching, correspondences are discovered by translating the natural language labels of nodes into prop ..."
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Cited by 817 (67 self)
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of problems. According to the tests we have done so far, the optimizations substantially improve the time performance of the system.
Algorithms for Quantum Computation: Discrete Logarithms and Factoring
, 1994
"... A computer is generally considered to be a universal computational device; i.e., it is believed able to simulate any physical computational device with a increase in computation time of at most a polynomial factor. It is not clear whether this is still true when quantum mechanics is taken into consi ..."
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Cited by 1103 (7 self)
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A computer is generally considered to be a universal computational device; i.e., it is believed able to simulate any physical computational device with a increase in computation time of at most a polynomial factor. It is not clear whether this is still true when quantum mechanics is taken
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