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"GrabCut”  interactive foreground extraction using iterated graph cuts
 ACM TRANS. GRAPH
, 2004
"... The problem of efficient, interactive foreground/background segmentation in still images is of great practical importance in image editing. Classical image segmentation tools use either texture (colour) information, e.g. Magic Wand, or edge (contrast) information, e.g. Intelligent Scissors. Recently ..."
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Cited by 1140 (36 self)
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of the iterative algorithm is used to simplify substantially the user interaction needed for a given quality of result. Thirdly, a robust algorithm for “border matting ” has been developed to estimate simultaneously the alphamatte around an object boundary and the colours of foreground pixels. We show
A Survey of Program Slicing Techniques
 JOURNAL OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
, 1995
"... A program slice consists of the parts of a program that (potentially) affect the values computed at some point of interest, referred to as a slicing criterion. The task of computing program slices is called program slicing. The original definition of a program slice was presented by Weiser in 197 ..."
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Cited by 777 (8 self)
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A program slice consists of the parts of a program that (potentially) affect the values computed at some point of interest, referred to as a slicing criterion. The task of computing program slices is called program slicing. The original definition of a program slice was presented by Weiser
Static Scheduling of Synchronous Data Flow Programs for Digital Signal Processing
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTERS
, 1987
"... Large grain data flow (LGDF) programming is natural and convenient for describing digital signal processing (DSP) systems, but its runtime overhead is costly in real time or costsensitive applications. In some situations, designers are not willing to squander computing resources for the sake of pro ..."
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Cited by 592 (37 self)
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not be done at runtime, but can be done at compile time (statically), so the runtime overhead evaporates. The sample rates can all be different, which is not true of most current datadriven digital signal processing programming methodologies. Synchronous data flow is closely related to computation graphs, a
Shape Matching and Object Recognition Using Shape Contexts
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 2001
"... We present a novel approach to measuring similarity between shapes and exploit it for object recognition. In our framework, the measurement of similarity is preceded by (1) solv ing for correspondences between points on the two shapes, (2) using the correspondences to estimate an aligning transform ..."
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Cited by 1787 (21 self)
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We present a novel approach to measuring similarity between shapes and exploit it for object recognition. In our framework, the measurement of similarity is preceded by (1) solv ing for correspondences between points on the two shapes, (2) using the correspondences to estimate an aligning
Timingdriven Partitioning Using Iterative Quadratic Programming’, at http://atrak.usc.edu/~massoud/, see “Coming Attractions
, 2001
"... We study the problem of dividing a given circuit into subcircuits under a set of capacity and timing constraints. A timingdriven bipartitioning technique based on an iterative quadratic programming formulation is presented. In contrast with movebased partitioning algorithms, the mathematical prog ..."
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Cited by 4 (0 self)
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We study the problem of dividing a given circuit into subcircuits under a set of capacity and timing constraints. A timingdriven bipartitioning technique based on an iterative quadratic programming formulation is presented. In contrast with movebased partitioning algorithms, the mathematical
Do investmentcash flow sensitivities provide useful measures of financing constraints?
 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS
, 1997
"... No. This paper investigates the relationship between financing constraints and investmentcash flow sensitivities by analyzing the firms identified by Fazzari, Hubbard, and Petersen as having unusually high investmentcash flow sensitivities. We Quarterlynd that firms that appear less Quarterlynanci ..."
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Cited by 656 (8 self)
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as evidence that firms are more financially constrained. These findings call into question the interpretation of most previous research that uses this methodology. “Our financial position is sound... Most of the company’s funds are generated by operations and these funds grew at an average annual rate of 29
Regression Shrinkage and Selection Via the Lasso
 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B
, 1994
"... We propose a new method for estimation in linear models. The "lasso" minimizes the residual sum of squares subject to the sum of the absolute value of the coefficients being less than a constant. Because of the nature of this constraint it tends to produce some coefficients that are exactl ..."
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Cited by 4055 (51 self)
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selection, shrinkage, quadratic programming. 1 Introduction Consider the usual regression situation: we h...
Evaluating the use of exploratory factor analysis in psychological research
 Psychological Methods
, 1999
"... Despite the widespread use of exploratory factor analysis in psychological research, researchers often make questionable decisions when conducting these analyses. This article reviews the major design and analytical decisions that must be made when conducting a factor analysis and notes that each of ..."
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Cited by 495 (4 self)
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Despite the widespread use of exploratory factor analysis in psychological research, researchers often make questionable decisions when conducting these analyses. This article reviews the major design and analytical decisions that must be made when conducting a factor analysis and notes that each
Tcl and the Tk Toolkit
, 1994
"... This book is about two packages called Tcl and Tk. Together they provide a programming system for developing and using graphical user interface (GUI) applications. Tcl stands for "tool command language" and is pronounced "tickle"; is a simple scripting language for controlling an ..."
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Cited by 1335 (4 self)
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This book is about two packages called Tcl and Tk. Together they provide a programming system for developing and using graphical user interface (GUI) applications. Tcl stands for "tool command language" and is pronounced "tickle"; is a simple scripting language for controlling
Graphical models, exponential families, and variational inference
, 2008
"... The formalism of probabilistic graphical models provides a unifying framework for capturing complex dependencies among random variables, and building largescale multivariate statistical models. Graphical models have become a focus of research in many statistical, computational and mathematical fiel ..."
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Cited by 800 (26 self)
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likelihoods, marginal probabilities and most probable configurations. We describe how a wide varietyof algorithms — among them sumproduct, cluster variational methods, expectationpropagation, mean field methods, maxproduct and linear programming relaxation, as well as conic programming relaxations — can
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