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SMOTE: Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique
 Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research
, 2002
"... An approach to the construction of classifiers from imbalanced datasets is described. A dataset is imbalanced if the classification categories are not approximately equally represented. Often realworld data sets are predominately composed of ``normal'' examples with only a small percentag ..."
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Cited by 614 (28 self)
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sampling the minority class involves creating synthetic minority class examples. Experiments are performed using C4.5, Ripper and a Naive Bayes classifier. The method is evaluated using the area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve (AUC) and the ROC convex hull strategy.
A Separator Theorem for Planar Graphs
, 1977
"... Let G be any nvertex planar graph. We prove that the vertices of G can be partitioned into three sets A, B, C such that no edge joins a vertex in A with a vertex in B, neither A nor B contains more than 2n/3 vertices, and C contains no more than 2& & vertices. We exhibit an algorithm which ..."
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Cited by 465 (1 self)
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Let G be any nvertex planar graph. We prove that the vertices of G can be partitioned into three sets A, B, C such that no edge joins a vertex in A with a vertex in B, neither A nor B contains more than 2n/3 vertices, and C contains no more than 2& & vertices. We exhibit an algorithm which
Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: The implicit association test
 J PERSONALITY SOCIAL PSYCHOL 74:1464–1480
, 1998
"... An implicit association test (IAT) measures differential association of 2 target concepts with an attribute. The 2 concepts appear in a 2choice task (e.g., flower vs. insect names), and the attribute in a 2nd task (e.g., pleasant vs. unpleasant words for an evaluation attribute). When instructions ..."
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Cited by 937 (63 self)
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oblige highly associated categories (e.g., flower + pleasant) to share a response key, performance is faster than when less associated categories (e.g., insect + pleasant) share a key. This performance difference implicitly measures differential association of the 2 concepts with the attribute. In 3
Alternative isoform regulation in human tissue transcriptomes
 Nature
, 2008
"... Through alternative processing of premRNAs, individual mammalian genes often produce multiple mRNA and protein isoforms that may have related, distinct or even opposing functions. Here we report an indepth analysis of 15 diverse human tissue and cell line transcriptomes based on deep sequencing of ..."
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Cited by 525 (4 self)
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of cDNA fragments, yielding a digital inventory of gene and mRNA isoform expression. Analysis of mappings of sequence reads to exonexon junctions indicated that 9294% of human genes undergo alternative splicing (AS), ∼86 % with a minor isoform frequency of 15% or more. Differences in isoform
Fast Parallel Algorithms for ShortRange Molecular Dynamics
 JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS
, 1995
"... Three parallel algorithms for classical molecular dynamics are presented. The first assigns each processor a fixed subset of atoms; the second assigns each a fixed subset of interatomic forces to compute; the third assigns each a fixed spatial region. The algorithms are suitable for molecular dyn ..."
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Cited by 622 (6 self)
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. The algorithms are tested on a standard LennardJones benchmark problem for system sizes ranging from 500 to 100,000,000 atoms on several parallel supercomputers  the nCUBE 2, Intel iPSC/860 and Paragon, and Cray T3D. Comparing the results to the fastest reported vectorized Cray YMP and C90 algorithm shows
StrategyProofness and Arrow’s Conditions: Existence and Correspondence Theorems for Voting Procedures and Social Welfare Functions
 J. Econ. Theory
, 1975
"... Consider a committee which must select one alternative from a set of three or more alternatives. Committee members each cast a ballot which the voting procedure counts. The voting procedure is strategyproof if it always induces every committee member to cast a ballot revealing his preference. I pro ..."
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Cited by 542 (0 self)
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. For example, a voter in choosing among a Democrat, a Republican, and a minor party candidate may decide to follow the “sophisticated strategy ” of voting for his second choice, the Democrat, instead of his “sincere strategy ” of voting for his first choice, the minor party candidate, because he thinks that a
Instancebased learning algorithms
 Machine Learning
, 1991
"... Abstract. Storing and using specific instances improves the performance of several supervised learning algorithms. These include algorithms that learn decision trees, classification rules, and distributed networks. However, no investigation has analyzed algorithms that use only specific instances to ..."
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Cited by 1359 (18 self)
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to solve incremental learning tasks. In this paper, we describe a framework and methodology, called instancebased learning, that generates classification predictions using only specific instances. Instancebased learning algorithms do not maintain a set of abstractions derived from specific instances
Principles and Practice in Second Language Acquisition
, 1982
"... This is the original version of Principles and Practice, as published in 1982, with only minor changes. It is gratifying to point out that many of the predictions made in this book were confirmed by subsequent research, for example, the superiority of comprehensibleinput based methods and sheltered ..."
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Cited by 717 (4 self)
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This is the original version of Principles and Practice, as published in 1982, with only minor changes. It is gratifying to point out that many of the predictions made in this book were confirmed by subsequent research, for example, the superiority of comprehensibleinput based methods
Linklevel Measurements from an 802.11b Mesh Network
 In SIGCOMM
, 2004
"... This paper anal yzes the causes of packetl oss in a 38node urban mul tihop 802.11b network. The patterns and causes oflv# are important in the design of routing and errorcorrection proto colv as wel as in networkplqq"(v The paper makes the fol l owing observations. The distribution of intern ..."
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Cited by 565 (11 self)
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nodel oss rates is rel'RfivD' uniform over the wh ol range oflv$ rates; there is no clq$ threshol separating "in range" and "out of range." Mostls ks have relj tivel stabl el oss rates from one second to the next, though a smal l minority have very burstyl osses at that time
Convex Analysis
, 1970
"... In this book we aim to present, in a unified framework, a broad spectrum of mathematical theory that has grown in connection with the study of problems of optimization, equilibrium, control, and stability of linear and nonlinear systems. The title Variational Analysis reflects this breadth. For a lo ..."
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Cited by 5350 (67 self)
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In this book we aim to present, in a unified framework, a broad spectrum of mathematical theory that has grown in connection with the study of problems of optimization, equilibrium, control, and stability of linear and nonlinear systems. The title Variational Analysis reflects this breadth. For a
Results 1  10
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