Results 1  10
of
1,650,983
SUMS OF DILATES IN GROUPS OF PRIME ORDER
"... en témoignage d’admiration Abstract. We obtain a first nontrivial estimate for the sum of dilates problem in the case of groups of prime order, by showing that if t is an integer different from 0,1 or −1 and if A ⊂ Z/pZ is not too large (with respect to p), then A+t·A > (2+ϑt)A−w(t) for some ..."
Abstract

Cited by 6 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
en témoignage d’admiration Abstract. We obtain a first nontrivial estimate for the sum of dilates problem in the case of groups of prime order, by showing that if t is an integer different from 0,1 or −1 and if A ⊂ Z/pZ is not too large (with respect to p), then A+t·A > (2+ϑt
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1787 (72 self)
 Add to MetaCart
computational rule, the sumproduct algorithm operates in factor graphs to computeeither exactly or approximatelyvarious marginal functions by distributed messagepassing in the graph. A wide variety of algorithms developed in artificial intelligence, signal processing, and digital communications can
Coordination of Groups of Mobile Autonomous Agents Using Nearest Neighbor Rules
, 2002
"... In a recent Physical Review Letters paper, Vicsek et. al. propose a simple but compelling discretetime model of n autonomous agents fi.e., points or particlesg all moving in the plane with the same speed but with dierent headings. Each agent's heading is updated using a local rule based on ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1245 (60 self)
 Add to MetaCart
In a recent Physical Review Letters paper, Vicsek et. al. propose a simple but compelling discretetime model of n autonomous agents fi.e., points or particlesg all moving in the plane with the same speed but with dierent headings. Each agent's heading is updated using a local rule based on the average of its own heading plus the headings of its \neighbors." In their paper, Vicsek et. al. provide simulation results which demonstrate that the nearest neighbor rule they are studying can cause all agents to eventually move in the same direction despite the absence of centralized coordination and despite the fact that each agent's set of nearest neighbors change with time as the system evolves. This paper provides a theoretical explanation for this observed behavior. In addition, convergence results are derived for several other similarly inspired models.
The CONSORT Statement: Revised Recommendations for Improving the Quality of Reports of ParallelGroup Randomised Trials. The Lancet
"... To comprehend the results of a randomized, controlled trial (RCT), readers must understand its design, conduct, analysis, and interpretation. That goal can be achieved only through complete transparency from authors. Despite several decades of educational efforts, the reporting of RCTs needs impr ..."
Abstract

Cited by 759 (15 self)
 Add to MetaCart
To comprehend the results of a randomized, controlled trial (RCT), readers must understand its design, conduct, analysis, and interpretation. That goal can be achieved only through complete transparency from authors. Despite several decades of educational efforts, the reporting of RCTs needs improvement. Investigators and editors developed the original CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) statement to help authors improve reporting by using a checklist and flow diagram. The revised CONSORT statement presented in this paper incorporates new evidence and addresses some criticisms of the original statement. The checklist items pertain to the content of the Title, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. The revised checklist includes 22 items selected because empirical evidence indicates that not reporting the information is associated with biased estimates of treatment effect or because the information is
Okapi at TREC3
, 1996
"... this document length correction factor is #global": it is added at the end, after the weights for the individual terms have been summed, and is independentofwhich terms match. ..."
Abstract

Cited by 593 (5 self)
 Add to MetaCart
this document length correction factor is #global": it is added at the end, after the weights for the individual terms have been summed, and is independentofwhich terms match.
Inside the black box: Raising standards through classroom assessment
 Phi Delta Kappan
, 1998
"... Raising the standards of learning that are achieved through school education is an important national priority. Governments have been vigorous in the last ten years in making changes in pursuit of this aim. National curriculum testing, the development of the GCSE, league tables of school performance ..."
Abstract

Cited by 533 (7 self)
 Add to MetaCart
in classrooms. Here, teachers have to manage complicated and demanding situations, channelling the personal, emotional and social pressures amongst a group of 30 or so youngsters in order to help them to learn now, and to become better learners in the future. Standards can only be raised if teachers can tackle
Semantic priming and retrieval from lexical memory: Evidence for facilitatory and inhibitory processes
 Memory & Cognition
"... Prior to each visually presented target letter string in a speeded wordnonword classification task, either BIRD, BODY, BUILDING, or xxx appeared as a priming event. When the target was a word, it was (a) a name of a type of bird on most BiRDprime trials; (b) a name of part of a building on most BO ..."
Abstract

Cited by 463 (3 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Prior to each visually presented target letter string in a speeded wordnonword classification task, either BIRD, BODY, BUILDING, or xxx appeared as a priming event. When the target was a word, it was (a) a name of a type of bird on most BiRDprime trials; (b) a name of part of a building on most
The Architecture of Cognition
, 1983
"... Spanning seven orders of magnitude: a challenge for ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1580 (40 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Spanning seven orders of magnitude: a challenge for
Shiftable Multiscale Transforms
, 1992
"... Orthogonal wavelet transforms have recently become a popular representation for multiscale signal and image analysis. One of the major drawbacks of these representations is their lack of translation invariance: the content of wavelet subbands is unstable under translations of the input signal. Wavel ..."
Abstract

Cited by 557 (36 self)
 Add to MetaCart
. Wavelet transforms are also unstable with respect to dilations of the input signal, and in two dimensions, rotations of the input signal. We formalize these problems by defining a type of translation invariance that we call "shiftability". In the spatial domain, shiftability corresponds to a
Automatic Word Sense Discrimination
 Journal of Computational Linguistics
, 1998
"... This paper presents contextgroup discrimination, a disambiguation algorithm based on clustering. Senses are interpreted as groups (or clusters) of similar contexts of the ambiguous word. Words, contexts, and senses are represented in Word Space, a highdimensional, realvalued space in which closen ..."
Abstract

Cited by 530 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper presents contextgroup discrimination, a disambiguation algorithm based on clustering. Senses are interpreted as groups (or clusters) of similar contexts of the ambiguous word. Words, contexts, and senses are represented in Word Space, a highdimensional, realvalued space in which
Results 1  10
of
1,650,983