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A model of growth through creative destruction
, 1990
"... This paper develops a model based on Schumpeter's process of creative destruction. It departs from existing models of endogeneous growth in emphasizing obsolescence of old technologies induced by the accumulation of knowledge and the resulting process or industrial innovations. This has both ..."
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Cited by 1923 (29 self)
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This paper develops a model based on Schumpeter's process of creative destruction. It departs from existing models of endogeneous growth in emphasizing obsolescence of old technologies induced by the accumulation of knowledge and the resulting process or industrial innovations. This has both
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1787 (72 self)
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A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple
FAST VOLUME RENDERING USING A SHEARWARP FACTORIZATION OF THE VIEWING TRANSFORMATION
, 1995
"... Volume rendering is a technique for visualizing 3D arrays of sampled data. It has applications in areas such as medical imaging and scientific visualization, but its use has been limited by its high computational expense. Early implementations of volume rendering used bruteforce techniques that req ..."
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Cited by 541 (2 self)
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Volume rendering is a technique for visualizing 3D arrays of sampled data. It has applications in areas such as medical imaging and scientific visualization, but its use has been limited by its high computational expense. Early implementations of volume rendering used bruteforce techniques that require on the order of 100 seconds to render typical data sets on a workstation. Algorithms with optimizations that exploit coherence in the data have reduced rendering times to the range of ten seconds but are still not fast enough for interactive visualization applications. In this thesis we present a family of volume rendering algorithms that reduces rendering times to one second. First we present a scanlineorder volume rendering algorithm that exploits coherence in both the volume data and the image. We show that scanlineorder algorithms are fundamentally more efficient than commonlyused ray casting algorithms because the latter must perform analytic geometry calculations (e.g. intersecting rays with axisaligned boxes). The new scanlineorder algorithm simply streams through the volume and the image in storage order. We describe variants of the algorithm for both parallel and perspective projections and
Risk and protective factors for alcohol and other drug problems in adolescence and early adulthood: Implications for substance abuse prevention
 Psychological Bulletin
, 1992
"... The authors suggest that the most promising route to effective strategies for the prevention of adolescent alcohol and other drug problems is through a riskfocused approach. This approach requires the identification of risk factors for drug abuse, identification of methods by which risk factors hav ..."
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Cited by 693 (18 self)
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The authors suggest that the most promising route to effective strategies for the prevention of adolescent alcohol and other drug problems is through a riskfocused approach. This approach requires the identification of risk factors for drug abuse, identification of methods by which risk factors
ReTiling Polygonal Surfaces
 Computer Graphics
, 1992
"... This paper presents an automatic method of creating surface models at several levels of detail from an original polygonal description of a given object. Representing models at various levels of detail is important for achieving high frame rates in interactive graphics applications and also for speed ..."
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Cited by 448 (3 self)
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for speedingup the offline rendering of complex scenes. Unfortunately, generating these levels of detail is a timeconsuming task usually left to a human modeler. This paper shows how a new set of vertices can be distributed over the surface of a model and connected to one another to create a retiling of a
Okapi at TREC3
, 1996
"... this document length correction factor is #global": it is added at the end, after the weights for the individual terms have been summed, and is independentofwhich terms match. ..."
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Cited by 593 (5 self)
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this document length correction factor is #global": it is added at the end, after the weights for the individual terms have been summed, and is independentofwhich terms match.
What Makes an Entrepreneur?
 JOURNAL OF LABOR ECONOMICS
, 1998
"... The factors that affect the supply of entrepreneurs are important but poorly understood. We study a sample of individuals who choose either to be employees or to run their own businesses. Four ..."
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Cited by 610 (27 self)
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The factors that affect the supply of entrepreneurs are important but poorly understood. We study a sample of individuals who choose either to be employees or to run their own businesses. Four
Parameterized Complexity
, 1998
"... the rapidly developing systematic connections between FPT and useful heuristic algorithms  a new and exciting bridge between the theory of computing and computing in practice. The organizers of the seminar strongly believe that knowledge of parameterized complexity techniques and results belongs ..."
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Cited by 1218 (75 self)
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on parameterized complexity, and it hopefully serves as a driving force in the development of the eld. 1 We had 49 participants from Australia, Canada, India, Israel, New Zealand, USA, and various European countries. During the workshop 25 lectures were given. Moreover, one night session was devoted to open
A HighThroughput Path Metric for MultiHop Wireless Routing
, 2003
"... This paper presents the expected transmission count metric (ETX), which finds highthroughput paths on multihop wireless networks. ETX minimizes the expected total number of packet transmissions (including retransmissions) required to successfully deliver a packet to the ultimate destination. The E ..."
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Cited by 1078 (5 self)
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This paper presents the expected transmission count metric (ETX), which finds highthroughput paths on multihop wireless networks. ETX minimizes the expected total number of packet transmissions (including retransmissions) required to successfully deliver a packet to the ultimate destination
Space/Time Tradeoffs in Hash Coding with Allowable Errors
 Communications of the ACM
, 1970
"... this paper tradeoffs among certain computational factors in hash coding are analyzed. The paradigm problem considered is that of testing a series of messages onebyone for membership in a given set of messages. Two new hash coding methods are examined and compared with a particular conventional h ..."
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Cited by 2067 (0 self)
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this paper tradeoffs among certain computational factors in hash coding are analyzed. The paradigm problem considered is that of testing a series of messages onebyone for membership in a given set of messages. Two new hash coding methods are examined and compared with a particular conventional
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