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1,043,842
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1787 (72 self)
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computational rule, the sumproduct algorithm operates in factor graphs to computeeither exactly or approximatelyvarious marginal functions by distributed messagepassing in the graph. A wide variety of algorithms developed in artificial intelligence, signal processing, and digital communications can
ModelBased Clustering, Discriminant Analysis, and Density Estimation
 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION
, 2000
"... Cluster analysis is the automated search for groups of related observations in a data set. Most clustering done in practice is based largely on heuristic but intuitively reasonable procedures and most clustering methods available in commercial software are also of this type. However, there is little ..."
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Cited by 557 (28 self)
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for modelbased clustering that provides a principled statistical approach to these issues. We also show that this can be useful for other problems in multivariate analysis, such as discriminant analysis and multivariate density estimation. We give examples from medical diagnosis, mineeld detection, cluster
Application of Phylogenetic Networks in Evolutionary Studies
 SUBMITTED TO MBE 2005
, 2005
"... The evolutionary history of a set of taxa is usually represented by a phylogenetic tree, and this model has greatly facilitated the discussion and testing of hypotheses. However, it is well known that more complex evolutionary scenarios are poorly described by such models. Further, even when evoluti ..."
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Cited by 867 (15 self)
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The evolutionary history of a set of taxa is usually represented by a phylogenetic tree, and this model has greatly facilitated the discussion and testing of hypotheses. However, it is well known that more complex evolutionary scenarios are poorly described by such models. Further, even when evolution proceeds in a treelike manner, analysis of the data may not be best served by using methods that enforce a tree structure, but rather by a richer visualization of the data to evaluate its properties, at least as an essential first step. Thus, phylogenetic networks should be employed when reticulate events such as hybridization, horizontal gene transfer, recombination, or gene duplication andloss are believed to be involved, and, even in the absence of such events, phylogenetic networks have a useful role to play. This paper reviews the terminology used for phylogenetic networks and covers both split networks and reticulate networks, how they are defined and how they can be interpreted. Additionally, the paper outlines the beginnings of a comprehensive statistical framework for applying split network methods. We show how split networks can represent confidence sets of trees and introduce a conservative statistical test for whether the conflicting signal in a network is treelike. Finally, this paper describes a new program SplitsTree4, an interactive and comprehensive tool for inferring different types of phylogenetic networks from sequences, distances and trees.
Estimating the Support of a HighDimensional Distribution
, 1999
"... Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We propo ..."
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Cited by 766 (29 self)
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Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We
Scalable Application Layer Multicast
, 2002
"... We describe a new scalable applicationlayer multicast protocol, specifically designed for lowbandwidth, data streaming applications with large receiver sets. Our scheme is based upon a hierarchical clustering of the applicationlayer multicast peers and can support a number of different data deliv ..."
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Cited by 719 (21 self)
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We describe a new scalable applicationlayer multicast protocol, specifically designed for lowbandwidth, data streaming applications with large receiver sets. Our scheme is based upon a hierarchical clustering of the applicationlayer multicast peers and can support a number of different data
The Application of Petri Nets to Workflow Management
, 1998
"... Workflow management promises a new solution to an ageold problem: controlling, monitoring, optimizing and supporting business processes. What is new about workflow management is the explicit representation of the business process logic which allows for computerized support. This paper discusses the ..."
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Cited by 522 (61 self)
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techniques which can be used to verify the correctness of workflow procedures. This paper introduces workflow management as an application domain for Petri nets, presents stateoftheart results with respect to the verification of workflows, and highlights some Petrinetbased workflow tools.
An iterative image registration technique with an application to stereo vision
 In IJCAI81
, 1981
"... Image registration finds a variety of applications in computer vision. Unfortunately, traditional image registration techniques tend to be costly. We present a new image registration technique that makes use of the spatial intensity gradient of the images to find a good match using a type of Newton ..."
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Cited by 2872 (35 self)
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Image registration finds a variety of applications in computer vision. Unfortunately, traditional image registration techniques tend to be costly. We present a new image registration technique that makes use of the spatial intensity gradient of the images to find a good match using a type of Newton
Detection of Abrupt Changes: Theory and Application
 HTTP://PEOPLE.IRISA.FR/MICHELE.BASSEVILLE/KNIGA/
, 1993
"... ..."
Estimating Continuous Distributions in Bayesian Classifiers
 In Proceedings of the Eleventh Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence
, 1995
"... When modeling a probability distribution with a Bayesian network, we are faced with the problem of how to handle continuous variables. Most previous work has either solved the problem by discretizing, or assumed that the data are generated by a single Gaussian. In this paper we abandon the normality ..."
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Cited by 489 (2 self)
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the normality assumption and instead use statistical methods for nonparametric density estimation. For a naive Bayesian classifier, we present experimental results on a variety of natural and artificial domains, comparing two methods of density estimation: assuming normality and modeling each conditional
Results 1  10
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1,043,842