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Small alliances in graphs
 Proceedings of MFCS 2007, LNCS 4708
"... Abstract. Let G =(V, E) be a graph. A nonempty subset S ⊆ V is a (strong defensive) alliance of G if every node in S has at least as many neighbors in S than in V \S. This work is motivated by the following observation: when G is a locally structured graph its nodes typically belong to small allianc ..."
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Cited by 3 (1 self)
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Abstract. Let G =(V, E) be a graph. A nonempty subset S ⊆ V is a (strong defensive) alliance of G if every node in S has at least as many neighbors in S than in V \S. This work is motivated by the following observation: when G is a locally structured graph its nodes typically belong to small
Books in graphs
, 2008
"... A set of q triangles sharing a common edge is called a book of size q. We write β (n, m) for the the maximal q such that every graph G (n, m) contains a book of size q. In this note 1) we compute β ( n, cn 2) for infinitely many values of c with 1/4 < c < 1/3, 2) we show that if m ≥ (1/4 − α) ..."
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Cited by 2380 (22 self)
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A set of q triangles sharing a common edge is called a book of size q. We write β (n, m) for the the maximal q such that every graph G (n, m) contains a book of size q. In this note 1) we compute β ( n, cn 2) for infinitely many values of c with 1/4 < c < 1/3, 2) we show that if m ≥ (1/4 − α
Graphs over Time: Densification Laws, Shrinking Diameters and Possible Explanations
, 2005
"... How do real graphs evolve over time? What are “normal” growth patterns in social, technological, and information networks? Many studies have discovered patterns in static graphs, identifying properties in a single snapshot of a large network, or in a very small number of snapshots; these include hea ..."
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Cited by 534 (48 self)
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How do real graphs evolve over time? What are “normal” growth patterns in social, technological, and information networks? Many studies have discovered patterns in static graphs, identifying properties in a single snapshot of a large network, or in a very small number of snapshots; these include
Community detection in graphs
, 2009
"... The modern science of networks has brought significant advances to our understanding of complex systems. One of the most relevant features of graphs representing real systems is community structure, or clustering, i. e. the organization of vertices in clusters, with many edges joining vertices of th ..."
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Cited by 801 (1 self)
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The modern science of networks has brought significant advances to our understanding of complex systems. One of the most relevant features of graphs representing real systems is community structure, or clustering, i. e. the organization of vertices in clusters, with many edges joining vertices
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1787 (72 self)
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A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple
The geometry of graphs and some of its algorithmic applications
 Combinatorica
, 1995
"... In this paper we explore some implications of viewing graphs as geometric objects. This approach offers a new perspective on a number of graphtheoretic and algorithmic problems. There are several ways to model graphs geometrically and our main concern here is with geometric representations that r ..."
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Cited by 543 (20 self)
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that respect the metric of the (possibly weighted) graph. Given a graph G we map its vertices to a normed space in an attempt to (i) Keep down the dimension of the host space and (ii) Guarantee a small distortion, i.e., make sure that distances between vertices in G closely match the distances between
Graphbased algorithms for Boolean function manipulation
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTERS
, 1986
"... In this paper we present a new data structure for representing Boolean functions and an associated set of manipulation algorithms. Functions are represented by directed, acyclic graphs in a manner similar to the representations introduced by Lee [1] and Akers [2], but with further restrictions on th ..."
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Cited by 3499 (47 self)
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In this paper we present a new data structure for representing Boolean functions and an associated set of manipulation algorithms. Functions are represented by directed, acyclic graphs in a manner similar to the representations introduced by Lee [1] and Akers [2], but with further restrictions
Secure Group Communications Using Key Graphs
, 1998
"... Many emerging applications (e.g., teleconference, realtime information services, pay per view, distributed interactive simulation, and collaborative work) are based upon a group communications model, i.e., they require packet delivery from one or more authorized senders to a very large number of au ..."
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Cited by 552 (17 self)
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management. We formalize the notion of a secure group as a triple (U; K;R) where U denotes a set of users, K a set of keys held by the users, and R a userkey relation. We then introduce key graphs to specify secure groups. For a special class of key graphs, we present three strategies for securely
The program dependence graph and its use in optimization
 ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems
, 1987
"... In this paper we present an intermediate program representation, called the program dependence graph (PDG), that makes explicit both the data and control dependence5 for each operation in a program. Data dependences have been used to represent only the relevant data flow relationships of a program. ..."
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Cited by 989 (3 self)
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In this paper we present an intermediate program representation, called the program dependence graph (PDG), that makes explicit both the data and control dependence5 for each operation in a program. Data dependences have been used to represent only the relevant data flow relationships of a program
Results 1  10
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