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854,191
Iterative decoding of binary block and convolutional codes
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 1996
"... Abstract Iterative decoding of twodimensional systematic convolutional codes has been termed “turbo ” (de)coding. Using loglikelihood algebra, we show that any decoder can he used which accepts soft inputsincluding a priori valuesand delivers soft outputs that can he split into three terms: the ..."
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Cited by 600 (43 self)
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: the soft channel and a priori inputs, and the extrinsic value. The extrinsic value is used as an a priori value for the next iteration. Decoding algorithms in the loglikelihood domain are given not only for convolutional codes hut also for any linear binary systematic block code. The iteration
Reducing Multiclass to Binary: A Unifying Approach for Margin Classifiers
 JOURNAL OF MACHINE LEARNING RESEARCH
, 2000
"... We present a unifying framework for studying the solution of multiclass categorization problems by reducing them to multiple binary problems that are then solved using a marginbased binary learning algorithm. The proposed framework unifies some of the most popular approaches in which each class ..."
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Cited by 560 (20 self)
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We present a unifying framework for studying the solution of multiclass categorization problems by reducing them to multiple binary problems that are then solved using a marginbased binary learning algorithm. The proposed framework unifies some of the most popular approaches in which each class
Valgrind: A framework for heavyweight dynamic binary instrumentation
 In Proceedings of the 2007 Programming Language Design and Implementation Conference
, 2007
"... Dynamic binary instrumentation (DBI) frameworks make it easy to build dynamic binary analysis (DBA) tools such as checkers and profilers. Much of the focus on DBI frameworks has been on performance; little attention has been paid to their capabilities. As a result, we believe the potential of DBI ha ..."
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Cited by 545 (5 self)
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Dynamic binary instrumentation (DBI) frameworks make it easy to build dynamic binary analysis (DBA) tools such as checkers and profilers. Much of the focus on DBI frameworks has been on performance; little attention has been paid to their capabilities. As a result, we believe the potential of DBI
A Threshold of ln n for Approximating Set Cover
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 1998
"... Given a collection F of subsets of S = f1; : : : ; ng, set cover is the problem of selecting as few as possible subsets from F such that their union covers S, and max kcover is the problem of selecting k subsets from F such that their union has maximum cardinality. Both these problems are NPhar ..."
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Cited by 778 (5 self)
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Given a collection F of subsets of S = f1; : : : ; ng, set cover is the problem of selecting as few as possible subsets from F such that their union covers S, and max kcover is the problem of selecting k subsets from F such that their union has maximum cardinality. Both these problems are NP
Adhoc OnDemand Distance Vector Routing
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2ND IEEE WORKSHOP ON MOBILE COMPUTING SYSTEMS AND APPLICATIONS
, 1997
"... An adhoc network is the cooperative engagement of a collection of mobile nodes without the required intervention of any centralized access point or existing infrastructure. In this paper we present Adhoc On Demand Distance Vector Routing (AODV), a novel algorithm for the operation of such adhoc n ..."
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Cited by 3167 (15 self)
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An adhoc network is the cooperative engagement of a collection of mobile nodes without the required intervention of any centralized access point or existing infrastructure. In this paper we present Adhoc On Demand Distance Vector Routing (AODV), a novel algorithm for the operation of such ad
Efficient similarity search in sequence databases
, 1994
"... We propose an indexing method for time sequences for processing similarity queries. We use the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) to map time sequences to the frequency domain, the crucial observation being that, for most sequences of practical interest, only the first few frequencies are strong. Anot ..."
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Cited by 505 (21 self)
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. Another important observation is Parseval's theorem, which specifies that the Fourier transform preserves the Euclidean distance in the time or frequency domain. Having thus mapped sequences to a lowerdimensionality space by using only the first few Fourier coe cients, we use Rtrees to index
SEAD: Secure Efficient Distance Vector Routing for Mobile Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
, 2003
"... An ad hoc network is a collection of wireless computers (nodes), communicating among themselves over possibly multihop paths, without the help of any infrastructure such as base stations or access points. Although many previous ad hoc network routing protocols have been based in part on distance vec ..."
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Cited by 522 (8 self)
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vector approaches, they have generally assumed a trusted environment. In this paper, we design and evaluate the Secure Efficient Ad hoc Distance vector routing protocol (SEAD), a secure ad hoc network routing protocol based on the design of the DestinationSequenced DistanceVector routing protocol
Tandem repeats finder: a program to analyze DNA sequences
, 1999
"... A tandem repeat in DNA is two or more contiguous, approximate copies of a pattern of nucleotides. Tandem repeats have been shown to cause human disease, may play a variety of regulatory and evolutionary roles and are important laboratory and analytic tools. Extensive knowledge about pattern size, co ..."
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Cited by 946 (9 self)
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, copy number, mutational history, etc. for tandem repeats has been limited by the inability to easily detect them in genomic sequence data. In this paper, we present a new algorithm for finding tandem repeats which works without the need to specify either the pattern or pattern size. We model tandem
A greedy algorithm for aligning DNA sequences
 J. COMPUT. BIOL
, 2000
"... For aligning DNA sequences that differ only by sequencing errors, or by equivalent errors from other sources, a greedy algorithm can be much faster than traditional dynamic programming approaches and yet produce an alignment that is guaranteed to be theoretically optimal. We introduce a new greedy a ..."
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Cited by 576 (16 self)
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For aligning DNA sequences that differ only by sequencing errors, or by equivalent errors from other sources, a greedy algorithm can be much faster than traditional dynamic programming approaches and yet produce an alignment that is guaranteed to be theoretically optimal. We introduce a new greedy
Basecalling of automated sequencer traces using phred. I. Accuracy Assessment
 GENOME RES
, 1998
"... The availability of massive amounts of DNA sequence information has begun to revolutionize the practice of biology. As a result, current largescale sequencing output, while impressive, is not adequate to keep pace with growing demand and, in particular, is far short of what will be required to obta ..."
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Cited by 1602 (4 self)
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accuracy. phred appears to be the first basecalling program to achieve a lower error rate than the ABI software, averaging 40%–50 % fewer errors in the data sets examined independent of position in read, machine running conditions, or sequencing chemistry.
Results 1  10
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854,191