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Human reasoning with imprecise probabilities: Modus ponens and Denying the antecedent
 In 5 th International Symposium on Imprecise Probability: Theories and Applications
, 2007
"... The modus ponens (A → B, A ∴ B) is, along with modus tollens and the two logically not valid counterparts denying the antecedent (A → B, ¬A ∴ ¬B) and affirming the consequent, the argument form that was most often investigated in the psychology of human reasoning. The present contribution reports th ..."
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Cited by 5 (5 self)
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the results of three experiments on the probabilistic versions of modus ponens and denying the antecedent. In probability logic these arguments lead to conclusions with imprecise probabilities. In the modus ponens tasks the participants inferred probabilities that agreed much better with the coherent
The case for motivated reasoning
 Psychological Bulletin
, 1990
"... It is proposed that motivation may affect reasoning through reliance on a biased set of cognitive processes—that is, strategies for accessing, constructing, and evaluating beliefs. The motivation to be accurate enhances use of those beliefs and strategies that are considered most appropriate, wherea ..."
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Cited by 687 (3 self)
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It is proposed that motivation may affect reasoning through reliance on a biased set of cognitive processes—that is, strategies for accessing, constructing, and evaluating beliefs. The motivation to be accurate enhances use of those beliefs and strategies that are considered most appropriate
Robust Classification for Imprecise Environments
, 1989
"... In realworld environments it is usually difficult to specify target operating conditions precisely. This uncertainty makes building robust classification systems problematic. We present a method for the comparison of classifier performance that is robust to imprecise class distributions and misclas ..."
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Cited by 332 (15 self)
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In realworld environments it is usually difficult to specify target operating conditions precisely. This uncertainty makes building robust classification systems problematic. We present a method for the comparison of classifier performance that is robust to imprecise class distributions
The empirical case for two systems of reasoning
, 1996
"... Distinctions have been proposed between systems of reasoning for centuries. This article distills properties shared by many of these distinctions and characterizes the resulting systems in light of recent findings and theoretical developments. One system is associative because its computations ref ..."
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Cited by 631 (4 self)
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Distinctions have been proposed between systems of reasoning for centuries. This article distills properties shared by many of these distinctions and characterizes the resulting systems in light of recent findings and theoretical developments. One system is associative because its computations
Nonmonotonic Reasoning, Preferential Models and Cumulative Logics
, 1990
"... Many systems that exhibit nonmonotonic behavior have been described and studied already in the literature. The general notion of nonmonotonic reasoning, though, has almost always been described only negatively, by the property it does not enjoy, i.e. monotonicity. We study here general patterns of ..."
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Cited by 624 (14 self)
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Many systems that exhibit nonmonotonic behavior have been described and studied already in the literature. The general notion of nonmonotonic reasoning, though, has almost always been described only negatively, by the property it does not enjoy, i.e. monotonicity. We study here general patterns
Verb Semantics And Lexical Selection
, 1994
"... ... structure. As Levin has addressed (Levin 1985), the decomposition of verbs is proposed for the purposes of accounting for systematic semanticsyntactic correspondences. This results in a series of problems for MT systems: inflexible verb sense definitions; difficulty in handling metaphor and new ..."
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Cited by 520 (4 self)
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and new usages; imprecise lexical selection and insufficient system coverage. It seems one approach is to apply probability methods and statistical models for some of these problems. However, the question reminds: has PSR exhausted the potential of the knowledgebased approach? If not, are there any
Extensional versus intuitive reasoning: The conjunction fallacy in probability judgment
 Psychological Review
, 1983
"... Perhaps the simplest and the most basic qualitative law of probability is the conjunction rule: The probability of a conjunction, P(A&B), cannot exceed the probabilities of its constituents, P(A) and.P(B), because the extension (or the possibility set) of the conjunction is included in the exten ..."
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Cited by 427 (4 self)
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Perhaps the simplest and the most basic qualitative law of probability is the conjunction rule: The probability of a conjunction, P(A&B), cannot exceed the probabilities of its constituents, P(A) and.P(B), because the extension (or the possibility set) of the conjunction is included
The DLV System for Knowledge Representation and Reasoning
 ACM Transactions on Computational Logic
, 2002
"... Disjunctive Logic Programming (DLP) is an advanced formalism for knowledge representation and reasoning, which is very expressive in a precise mathematical sense: it allows to express every property of finite structures that is decidable in the complexity class ΣP 2 (NPNP). Thus, under widely believ ..."
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Cited by 455 (100 self)
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Disjunctive Logic Programming (DLP) is an advanced formalism for knowledge representation and reasoning, which is very expressive in a precise mathematical sense: it allows to express every property of finite structures that is decidable in the complexity class ΣP 2 (NPNP). Thus, under widely
Using Linear Algebra for Intelligent Information Retrieval
 SIAM REVIEW
, 1995
"... Currently, most approaches to retrieving textual materials from scientific databases depend on a lexical match between words in users' requests and those in or assigned to documents in a database. Because of the tremendous diversity in the words people use to describe the same document, lexical ..."
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Cited by 672 (18 self)
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, lexical methods are necessarily incomplete and imprecise. Using the singular value decomposition (SVD), one can take advantage of the implicit higherorder structure in the association of terms with documents by determining the SVD of large sparse term by document matrices. Terms and documents represented
Maintaining knowledge about temporal intervals
 COMMUNICATION OF ACM
, 1983
"... The problem of representing temporal knowledge arises in many areas of computer science. In applications in which such knowledge is imprecise or relative, current representations based on date lines or time instants are inadequate. An intervalbased temporal logic is introduced, together WiUl a comp ..."
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Cited by 2917 (13 self)
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The problem of representing temporal knowledge arises in many areas of computer science. In applications in which such knowledge is imprecise or relative, current representations based on date lines or time instants are inadequate. An intervalbased temporal logic is introduced, together WiUl a
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