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An Overview of the C++ Programming Language
, 1999
"... This overview of C++ presents the key design, programming, and languagetechnical concepts using examples to give the reader a feel for the language. C++ is a generalpurpose programming language with a bias towards systems programming that supports efficient lowlevel computation, data abstraction, ..."
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Cited by 1766 (15 self)
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This overview of C++ presents the key design, programming, and languagetechnical concepts using examples to give the reader a feel for the language. C++ is a generalpurpose programming language with a bias towards systems programming that supports efficient lowlevel computation, data abstraction
The C Programming Language
, 1988
"... The C programming language was devised in the early 1970s as a system implementation language for the nascent Unix operating system. Derived from the typeless language BCPL, it evolved a type structure; created on a tiny machine as a tool to improve a meager programming environment, it has become on ..."
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Cited by 1527 (16 self)
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The C programming language was devised in the early 1970s as a system implementation language for the nascent Unix operating system. Derived from the typeless language BCPL, it evolved a type structure; created on a tiny machine as a tool to improve a meager programming environment, it has become
Basic Properties of Real Numbers
 Journal of Formalized Mathematics
, 1989
"... this paper. A real number is an element of R ..."
Environmental Protection Agency
 Environmental Labeling: Issues, Policies, and Practices Worldwide
, 1998
"... Contract No. 68C70051 ..."
Global Optimization with Polynomials and the Problem of Moments
 SIAM Journal on Optimization
, 2001
"... We consider the problem of finding the unconstrained global minimum of a realvalued polynomial p(x) : R R, as well as the global minimum of p(x), in a compact set K defined by polynomial inequalities. It is shown that this problem reduces to solving an (often finite) sequence of convex linear mat ..."
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Cited by 569 (47 self)
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We consider the problem of finding the unconstrained global minimum of a realvalued polynomial p(x) : R R, as well as the global minimum of p(x), in a compact set K defined by polynomial inequalities. It is shown that this problem reduces to solving an (often finite) sequence of convex linear
RealTime Systems
, 2000
"... Collision avoidance is an important topic in multirobot systems. Existing multirobot pathfinding approaches ignore sideswipe collisions among robots (i.e., only consider the collision which two agents try to occupy the same node during the same timestep) [1, 3, 4], and allow diagonal move between ..."
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Cited by 590 (11 self)
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between robots R1 and R2 in the situation depicted in Figure 1(a), but also that in Figure 1(b), which is typically not considered as a collision in existing multirobot systems. (a) (b) (c) Figure 2: Illustration of deadloop. The green square and the red square are the robot positions and the goal
Normalization for cDNA microarray data: a robust composite method addressing single and multiple slide systematic variation
, 2002
"... There are many sources of systematic variation in cDNA microarray experiments which affect the measured gene expression levels (e.g. differences in labeling efficiency between the two fluorescent dyes). The term normalization refers to the process of removing such variation. A constant adjustment is ..."
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Cited by 699 (9 self)
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There are many sources of systematic variation in cDNA microarray experiments which affect the measured gene expression levels (e.g. differences in labeling efficiency between the two fluorescent dyes). The term normalization refers to the process of removing such variation. A constant adjustment
An Optimal Algorithm for Approximate Nearest Neighbor Searching in Fixed Dimensions
 ACMSIAM SYMPOSIUM ON DISCRETE ALGORITHMS
, 1994
"... Consider a set S of n data points in real ddimensional space, R d , where distances are measured using any Minkowski metric. In nearest neighbor searching we preprocess S into a data structure, so that given any query point q 2 R d , the closest point of S to q can be reported quickly. Given any po ..."
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Cited by 983 (32 self)
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query point q 2 R d , and ffl ? 0, a (1 + ffl)approximate nearest neighbor of q can be computed in O(c d;ffl log n) time, where c d;ffl d d1 + 6d=ffle d is a factor depending only on dimension and ffl. In general, we show that given an integer k 1, (1 + ffl)approximations to the k nearest neighbors
Using information content to evaluate semantic similarity in a taxonomy
 In Proceedings of the 14th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI95
, 1995
"... philip.resnikfleast.sun.com This paper presents a new measure of semantic similarity in an ISA taxonomy, based on the notion of information content. Experimental evaluation suggests that the measure performs encouragingly well (a correlation of r = 0.79 with a benchmark set of human similarity judg ..."
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Cited by 1072 (8 self)
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philip.resnikfleast.sun.com This paper presents a new measure of semantic similarity in an ISA taxonomy, based on the notion of information content. Experimental evaluation suggests that the measure performs encouragingly well (a correlation of r = 0.79 with a benchmark set of human similarity
Estimation of probabilities from sparse data for the language model component of a speech recognizer
 IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing
, 1987
"... AbstractThe description of a novel type of rngram language model is given. The model offers, via a nonlinear recursive procedure, a computation and space efficient solution to the problem of estimating probabilities from sparse data. This solution compares favorably to other proposed methods. Wh ..."
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Cited by 790 (2 self)
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word (mgram) which occurred in the sample r times is r* PT = where r We call a procedure of replacing a count r with a modified count r ’ “discounting ” and a ratio rt/r a discount coefficient dr. When r ’ = r*, we have Turing’s discounting. Let us denote the mgram wl, *.., w, as wy and the number
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