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Primitives for the manipulation of general subdivisions and the computations of Voronoi diagrams
 ACM Tmns. Graph
, 1985
"... The following problem is discussed: Given n points in the plane (the sites) and an arbitrary query point 4, find the site that is closest to q. This problem can be solved by constructing the Voronoi diagram of the given sites and then locating the query point in one of its regions. Two algorithms ar ..."
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Cited by 543 (11 self)
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The following problem is discussed: Given n points in the plane (the sites) and an arbitrary query point 4, find the site that is closest to q. This problem can be solved by constructing the Voronoi diagram of the given sites and then locating the query point in one of its regions. Two algorithms
Why a diagram is (sometimes) worth ten thousand words
 Cognitive Science
, 1987
"... We distinguish diagrammatic from sentential paperandpencil representationsof information by developing alternative models of informationprocessing systems that are informationally equivalent and that can be characterized as sentential or diagrammatic. Sentential representations are sequential, li ..."
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Cited by 777 (2 self)
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We distinguish diagrammatic from sentential paperandpencil representationsof information by developing alternative models of informationprocessing systems that are informationally equivalent and that can be characterized as sentential or diagrammatic. Sentential representations are sequential, like the propositions in a text. Dlogrammotlc representations ore indexed by location in a plane. Diogrommatic representations also typically display information that is only implicit in sententiol representations and that therefore has to be computed, sometimes at great cost, to make it explicit for use. We then contrast the computational efficiency of these representotions for solving several illustrative problems in mothematics and physics. When two representotions are informationally equivolent, their computational efficiency depends on the informationprocessing operators that act on them. Two sets of operators may differ in their copobilities for recognizing patterns, in the inferences they con carry out directly, and in their control strategies (in portitular. the control of search). Diogrommotic ond sentential representations sup
Asymptotic Confidence Intervals for Indirect Effects in Structural EQUATION MODELS
 IN SOCIOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY
, 1982
"... ..."
Graphs over Time: Densification Laws, Shrinking Diameters and Possible Explanations
, 2005
"... How do real graphs evolve over time? What are “normal” growth patterns in social, technological, and information networks? Many studies have discovered patterns in static graphs, identifying properties in a single snapshot of a large network, or in a very small number of snapshots; these include hea ..."
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Cited by 534 (48 self)
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How do real graphs evolve over time? What are “normal” growth patterns in social, technological, and information networks? Many studies have discovered patterns in static graphs, identifying properties in a single snapshot of a large network, or in a very small number of snapshots; these include
SMOTE: Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique
 Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research
, 2002
"... An approach to the construction of classifiers from imbalanced datasets is described. A dataset is imbalanced if the classification categories are not approximately equally represented. Often realworld data sets are predominately composed of ``normal'' examples with only a small percentag ..."
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Cited by 614 (28 self)
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good means of increasing the sensitivity of a classifier to the minority class. This paper shows that a combination of our method of oversampling the minority (abnormal) class and undersampling the majority (normal) class can achieve better classifier performance (in ROC space) than only under
Statecharts: A Visual Formalism For Complex Systems
, 1987
"... We present a broad extension of the conventional formalism of state machines and state diagrams, that is relevant to the specification and design of complex discreteevent systems, such as multicomputer realtime systems, communication protocols and digital control units. Our diagrams, which we cal ..."
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Cited by 2683 (56 self)
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We present a broad extension of the conventional formalism of state machines and state diagrams, that is relevant to the specification and design of complex discreteevent systems, such as multicomputer realtime systems, communication protocols and digital control units. Our diagrams, which we
Analysis of TCP Performance over Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Part I: Problem Discussion and Analysis of Results
, 1999
"... Mobile ad hoc networks have gained a lot of attention lately as a means of providing continuous network connectivity to mobile computing devices regardless of physical location. Recently, a large amount of research has focused on the routing protocols needed in such an environment. In this twopart ..."
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Cited by 511 (5 self)
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Mobile ad hoc networks have gained a lot of attention lately as a means of providing continuous network connectivity to mobile computing devices regardless of physical location. Recently, a large amount of research has focused on the routing protocols needed in such an environment. In this twopart report, we investigate the effects that link breakage due to mobility has on TCP performance. Through simulation, we show that TCP throughput drops significantly when nodes move because of TCP's inability to recognize the difference between link failure and congestion. We also analyze specific examples, such as a situation where throughput is zero for a particular connection. We introduce a new metric, expected throughput, for the comparison of throughput in multihop networks, and then use this metric to show how the use of explicit link failure notification (ELFN) techniques can significantly improve TCP performance. In this paper (Part I of the report), we present the problem and an analysis of our simulation results. In Part II of this report, we present the simulation and results in detail.
The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years
 NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE
, 2007
"... The prevalence of obesity has increased substantially over the past 30 years. We performed a quantitative analysis of the nature and extent of the persontoperson spread of obesity as a possible factor contributing to the obesity epidemic. Methods We evaluated a densely interconnected social networ ..."
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Cited by 476 (23 self)
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The prevalence of obesity has increased substantially over the past 30 years. We performed a quantitative analysis of the nature and extent of the persontoperson spread of obesity as a possible factor contributing to the obesity epidemic. Methods We evaluated a densely interconnected social
Maximum entropy markov models for information extraction and segmentation
, 2000
"... Hidden Markov models (HMMs) are a powerful probabilistic tool for modeling sequential data, and have been applied with success to many textrelated tasks, such as partofspeech tagging, text segmentation and information extraction. In these cases, the observations are usually modeled as multinomial ..."
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Cited by 554 (18 self)
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as multinomial distributions over a discrete vocabulary, and the HMM parameters are set to maximize the likelihood of the observations. This paper presents a new Markovian sequence model, closely related to HMMs, that allows observations to be represented as arbitrary overlapping features (such as word
Learning Stochastic Logic Programs
, 2000
"... Stochastic Logic Programs (SLPs) have been shown to be a generalisation of Hidden Markov Models (HMMs), stochastic contextfree grammars, and directed Bayes' nets. A stochastic logic program consists of a set of labelled clauses p:C where p is in the interval [0,1] and C is a firstorder r ..."
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Cited by 1181 (79 self)
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with worked examples involving the learning of probability distributions over sequences as well as the learning of simple forms of uncertain knowledge.
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