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PseudoRandom Generation from OneWay Functions
 PROC. 20TH STOC
, 1988
"... Pseudorandom generators are fundamental to many theoretical and applied aspects of computing. We show howto construct a pseudorandom generator from any oneway function. Since it is easy to construct a oneway function from a pseudorandom generator, this result shows that there is a pseudorandom gene ..."
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Cited by 861 (18 self)
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Pseudorandom generators are fundamental to many theoretical and applied aspects of computing. We show howto construct a pseudorandom generator from any oneway function. Since it is easy to construct a oneway function from a pseudorandom generator, this result shows that there is a pseudorandom
A hardcore predicate for all oneway functions
 In Proceedings of the Twenty First Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing
, 1989
"... Abstract rity of f. In fact, for inputs (to f*) of practical size, the pieces effected by f are so small A central tool in constructing pseudorandom that f can be inverted (and the “hardcore” generators, secure encryption functions, and bit computed) by exhaustive search. in other areas are “hardc ..."
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Cited by 440 (5 self)
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(within a polynomial) 50) given only f(z). Both b, f are computable security. Namely, we prove a conjecture of in polynomial time. [Levin 87, sec. 5.6.21 that the sca1a.r product [Yao 821 transforms any oneway function of boolean vectors p, x is a hardcore of every f into a more complicated one, f
Universal OneWay Hash Functions and their Cryptographic Applications
, 1989
"... We define a Universal OneWay Hash Function family, a new primitive which enables the compression of elements in the function domain. The main property of this primitive is that given an element x in the domain, it is computationally hard to find a different domain element which collides with x. We ..."
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Cited by 351 (15 self)
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We define a Universal OneWay Hash Function family, a new primitive which enables the compression of elements in the function domain. The main property of this primitive is that given an element x in the domain, it is computationally hard to find a different domain element which collides with x. We
SEAD: Secure Efficient Distance Vector Routing for Mobile Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
, 2003
"... An ad hoc network is a collection of wireless computers (nodes), communicating among themselves over possibly multihop paths, without the help of any infrastructure such as base stations or access points. Although many previous ad hoc network routing protocols have been based in part on distance vec ..."
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Cited by 534 (8 self)
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. In order to support use with nodes of limited CPU processing capability, and to guard against DenialofService attacks in which an attacker attempts to cause other nodes to consume excess network bandwidth or processing time, we use efficient oneway hash functions and do not use asymmetric cryptographic
IdentityBased Encryption from the Weil Pairing
, 2001
"... We propose a fully functional identitybased encryption scheme (IBE). The scheme has chosen ciphertext security in the random oracle model assuming an elliptic curve variant of the computational DiffieHellman problem. Our system is based on bilinear maps between groups. The Weil pairing on elliptic ..."
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Cited by 1748 (28 self)
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We propose a fully functional identitybased encryption scheme (IBE). The scheme has chosen ciphertext security in the random oracle model assuming an elliptic curve variant of the computational DiffieHellman problem. Our system is based on bilinear maps between groups. The Weil pairing
A Theory of Diagnosis from First Principles
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
, 1987
"... Suppose one is given a description of a system, together with an observation of the system's behaviour which conflicts with the way the system is meant to behave. The diagnostic problem is to determine those components of the system which, when assumed to be functioning abnormally, will explain ..."
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Cited by 1120 (5 self)
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Suppose one is given a description of a system, together with an observation of the system's behaviour which conflicts with the way the system is meant to behave. The diagnostic problem is to determine those components of the system which, when assumed to be functioning abnormally
Calibrating noise to sensitivity in private data analysis
 In Proceedings of the 3rd Theory of Cryptography Conference
, 2006
"... Abstract. We continue a line of research initiated in [10, 11] on privacypreserving statistical databases. Consider a trusted server that holds a database of sensitive information. Given a query function f mapping databases to reals, the socalled true answer is the result of applying f to the datab ..."
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Cited by 649 (60 self)
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obtain separation results showing the increased value of interactive sanitization mechanisms over noninteractive. 1 Introduction We continue a line of research initiated in [10, 11] on privacy in statistical databases. A statistic is a quantity computed from a sample. Intuitively, if the database is a
EndToEnd Arguments In System Design
, 1984
"... This paper presents a design principle that helps guide placement of functions among the modules of a distributed computer system. The principle, called the endtoend argument, suggests that functions placed at low levels of a system may be redundant or of little value when compared with the cost o ..."
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Cited by 1037 (10 self)
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of providing them at that low level. Examples discussed in the paper include bit error recovery, security using encryption, duplicate message suppression, recovery from system crashes, and delivery acknowledgement. Low level mechanisms to support these functions are justified only as performance enhancements
Shape modeling with front propagation: A level set approach
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 1995
"... Shape modeling is an important constituent of computer vision as well as computer graphics research. Shape models aid the tasks of object representation and recognition. This paper presents a new approach to shape modeling which retains some of the attractive features of existing methods and over ..."
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Cited by 808 (20 self)
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along its gradient field with constant speed or a speed that depends on the curvature. It is moved by solving a “HamiltonJacob? ’ type equation written for a function in which the interface is a particular level set. A speed term synthesizpd from the image is used to stop the interface in the vicinity
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