###
Nuclear Physics B *Proceedings* Supplement – preprint (2014) 1–42 Nuclear Physics B *Proceedings* Supplement Universal Aspects of QCD-like TheoriesI

"... In these lectures I review some basic examples of how the concepts of universality and scaling can be used to study aspects of the chiral and the deconfinement transition, if not in QCD directly but in QCD-like theories. As an example for flavor dynamics I discuss a quark-hadron model to describe th ..."

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the phase diagram of two-color QCD with the functional renormalization group. Universal aspects of deconfinement are illustrated mainly in the

*2*+ 1 dimensional SU(N) gauge theories with second order transition where many exact results from spin models can be exploited.### Disthbution IJnli~nited CONTRACT TITLE: THEORETICAL STUDIES OF HIGH-POWER ULTRAVIOLET AND INFRARED MATERIALS

, 1978

"... ~f d1400 Wilson Boulevard nc assi ie ..."

### Abstract Cosmological Black Holes as Models of Cosmological Inhomogeneities

, 2006

"... Since cosmological black holes modify the density and pressure of the surrounding universe, and introduce heat conduction, they produce simple models of cosmologi-cal inhomogeneities that can be used to study the eect of inhomogeneities on the universe's expansion. In this thesis, new cosmologi ..."

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cosmological black hole solutions are ob-tained by generalizing the expanding Kerr-Schild cosmological black holes to obtain the charged case, by performing a Kerr-Schild transformation of the Einstein-de Sitter universe (instead of a closed universe) to obtain

*non*-expanding Kerr-Schild cosmo-logical black### RICE UNIVERSITY Regime Change: Sampling Rate vs. Bit-Depth in Compressive Sensing

, 2011

"... The compressive sensing (CS) framework aims to ease the burden on analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) by exploiting inherent structure in natural and man-made signals. It has been demon-strated that structured signals can be acquired with just a small number of linear measurements, on the order of t ..."

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The compressive sensing (CS) framework aims to ease the burden on analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) by exploiting inherent structure in natural and man-made signals. It has been demon-strated that structured signals can be acquired with just a small number of linear measurements, on the order of the signal complexity. In practice, this enables lower sampling rates that can be more easily achieved by current hardware designs. The primary bottleneck that limits ADC sam-pling rates is quantization, i.e., higher bit-depths impose lower sampling rates. Thus, the decreased sampling rates of CS ADCs accommodate the otherwise limiting quantizer of conventional ADCs. In this thesis, we consider a different approach to CS ADC by shifting towards lower quantizer bit-depths rather than lower sampling rates. We explore the extreme case where each measurement is quantized to just one bit, representing its sign. We develop a new theoretical framework to analyze this extreme case and develop new algorithms for signal reconstruction from such coarsely quantized measurements. The 1-bit CS framework leads us to scenarios where it may be more appropriate to reduce bit-depth instead of sampling rate. We find that there exist two distinct regimes of operation that correspond to high/low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In the measurement

### Authors:

, 1997

"... 1 Dedicated to Ludwig Elsner on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday We describe canonical forms for elements of a classical Lie group of matrices under similarity transformations in the group. Matrices in the associated Lie algebra and Jordan algebra of matrices inherit related forms under these s ..."

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1 Dedicated to Ludwig Elsner on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday We describe canonical forms for elements of a classical Lie group of matrices under similarity transformations in the group. Matrices in the associated Lie algebra and Jordan algebra of matrices inherit related forms under these similarity transforma-tions. In general, one cannot achieve diagonal or Schur form, but the form that can be achieved displays the eigenvalues of the matrix. We also discuss matrices in in-tersections of these classes and their Schur-like forms. Such multistructered matrices arise in applications from quantum physics and quantum chemistry. 1

### COSMOLOGICAL MODELS OF MODIFIED GRAVITY

, 2013

"... The recent discovery of dark energy has prompted an investigation of ways in which the accelerated expansion of the universe can be realized. In this dissertation, we present two separate projects related to dark energy. The first project analyzes a class of braneworld models in which multiple brane ..."

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The recent discovery of dark energy has prompted an investigation of ways in which the accelerated expansion of the universe can be realized. In this dissertation, we present two separate projects related to dark energy. The first project analyzes a class of braneworld models in which multiple branes float in a five-dimensional anti-de Sitter bulk, while the second investigates a class of dark energy models from an effective field theory perspective. Investigations of models including extra dimensions have led to modifications of gravity involving a number of interesting features. In particular, the Randall-Sundrum model is well-known for achieving an amelioration of the hierarchy problem. However, the basic model relies on Minkowski branes and is subject to solar system constraints in the absence of a radion stabilization mechanism. We present a method by which a four-dimensional low-energy description can be obtained for braneworld scenarios, allowing for a number of generalizations to the original models. This method is applied to orbifolded and uncompactified N-brane models, deriving an effective four-dimensional action. The parameter space of this theory is constrained using observational evidence, and it is found that the generalizations do not weaken solar system constraints on the original model. Furthermore, we find that general