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Footprint evaluation for volume rendering
 Computer Graphics
, 1990
"... This paper presents a forward mapping rendering algorithm to display regular volumetric grids that may not have the same spacings in the three grid directions. It takes advantage of the fact that convolution can be thought of as distributing energy from input samples into space. The renderer calcul ..."
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Cited by 504 (1 self)
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This paper presents a forward mapping rendering algorithm to display regular volumetric grids that may not have the same spacings in the three grid directions. It takes advantage of the fact that convolution can be thought of as distributing energy from input samples into space. The renderer calculates an image plane footprint for each data sample and uses the footprint to spread the sample's energy onto the image plane. A result of the technique is that the forward mapping algorithm can support perspective without excessive cost, and support adaptive resampling of the threedimensional data set during image generation.
FAST VOLUME RENDERING USING A SHEARWARP FACTORIZATION OF THE VIEWING TRANSFORMATION
, 1995
"... Volume rendering is a technique for visualizing 3D arrays of sampled data. It has applications in areas such as medical imaging and scientific visualization, but its use has been limited by its high computational expense. Early implementations of volume rendering used bruteforce techniques that req ..."
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Cited by 541 (2 self)
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Volume rendering is a technique for visualizing 3D arrays of sampled data. It has applications in areas such as medical imaging and scientific visualization, but its use has been limited by its high computational expense. Early implementations of volume rendering used bruteforce techniques
Volume of Fluid (VOF) Method for the Dynamics of Free Boundaries,” Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory report
"... Several methods have been previously used to approximate free boundaries in tinitedifference numerical simulations. A simple, but powerful, method is described that is based on the concept of a fractional volume of fluid (VOF). This method is shown to be more flexible and efftcient than other method ..."
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Cited by 544 (2 self)
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Several methods have been previously used to approximate free boundaries in tinitedifference numerical simulations. A simple, but powerful, method is described that is based on the concept of a fractional volume of fluid (VOF). This method is shown to be more flexible and efftcient than other
Volume Rendering
, 1988
"... A technique for rendering images Of volumes containing mixtures of materials is presented. The shading model allows both the interior of a material and the boundary between materials to be colored. Image projection is performed by simulating the absorption of light along the ray path to the eye. The ..."
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Cited by 446 (2 self)
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A technique for rendering images Of volumes containing mixtures of materials is presented. The shading model allows both the interior of a material and the boundary between materials to be colored. Image projection is performed by simulating the absorption of light along the ray path to the eye
Antide Sitter Space, Thermal Phase Transition, and Confinement in Gauge Theories
 Adv. Theor. Math. Phys
, 1998
"... The correspondence between supergravity (and string theory) on AdS space and boundary conformal field theory relates the thermodynamics of N = 4 super YangMills theory in four dimensions to the thermodynamics of Schwarzschild black holes in Antide Sitter space. In this description, quantum phenome ..."
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Cited by 1087 (4 self)
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phenomena such as the spontaneous breaking of the center of the gauge group, magnetic confinement, and the mass gap are coded in classical geometry. The correspondence makes it manifest that the entropy of a very large AdS Schwarzschild black hole must scale “holographically ” with the volume of its horizon
Illiquidity and Stock Returns: Crosssection and Timeseries Effects
 Journal of Financial Markets
, 2002
"... This paper shows that over time, expected market illiquidity positively affects ex ante stock excess return, suggesting that expected stock excess return partly represents an illiquidity premium. This complements the crosssectional positive return–illiquidity relationship. Also, stock returns are n ..."
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Cited by 824 (7 self)
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are negatively related over time to contemporaneous unexpected illiquidity. The illiquidity measure here is the average across stocks of the daily ratio of absolute stock return to dollar volume, which is easily obtained from daily stock data for long time series in most stock markets. Illiquidity affects more
KodairaSpencer theory of gravity and exact results for quantum string amplitudes
 Commun. Math. Phys
, 1994
"... We develop techniques to compute higher loop string amplitudes for twisted N = 2 theories with ĉ = 3 (i.e. the critical case). An important ingredient is the discovery of an anomaly at every genus in decoupling of BRST trivial states, captured to all orders by a master anomaly equation. In a particu ..."
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Cited by 545 (60 self)
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We develop techniques to compute higher loop string amplitudes for twisted N = 2 theories with ĉ = 3 (i.e. the critical case). An important ingredient is the discovery of an anomaly at every genus in decoupling of BRST trivial states, captured to all orders by a master anomaly equation. In a
Iterative decoding of binary block and convolutional codes
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 1996
"... Abstract Iterative decoding of twodimensional systematic convolutional codes has been termed “turbo ” (de)coding. Using loglikelihood algebra, we show that any decoder can he used which accepts soft inputsincluding a priori valuesand delivers soft outputs that can he split into three terms: the ..."
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Cited by 600 (43 self)
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and convolutional codes for lower rates less than 213. Any combination of block and convolutional component codes is possible. Several interleaving techniques are described. At a bit error rate (BER) of lo * the performance is slightly above or around the bounds given by the cutoff rate for reasonably simple block
Bid, ask and transaction prices in a specialist market with heterogeneously informed traders
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 1985
"... The presence of traders with superior information leads to a positive bidask spread even when the specialist is riskneutral and makes zero expected profits. The resulting transaction prices convey information, and the expectation of the average spread squared times volume is bounded by a number th ..."
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Cited by 1217 (5 self)
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The presence of traders with superior information leads to a positive bidask spread even when the specialist is riskneutral and makes zero expected profits. The resulting transaction prices convey information, and the expectation of the average spread squared times volume is bounded by a number
Scale and performance in a distributed file system
 ACM Transactions on Computer Systems
, 1988
"... The Andrew File System is a locationtransparent distributed tile system that will eventually span more than 5000 workstations at Carnegie Mellon University. Large scale affects performance and complicates system operation. In this paper we present observations of a prototype implementation, motivat ..."
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Cited by 937 (47 self)
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with that of Sun Microsystem’s NFS tile system. We also show how the aggregation of files into volumes improves the operability of the system.
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